GAFATAR DAN DINAMIKA GERAKAN SOSIALNYA

https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.43887

Enkin Asrawijaya(1*)

(1) Mahasiswa Program Doktoral Ilmu-ilmuHumaniora UGM dan Dosen di Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Bakti Negara (STAIBN) Tegal, Jawa Tengah
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Gafatar is a form of community upheaval in Indonesia in the current reform era. Issues surrounding the ideology and the attempts of treason case became the problem that caused Gafatar to lose the masses of the public. Gafatar has the concept of food self-sufficiency which is then implemented in a peasant movement as its criticism of the government. To explain the dynamics of the Gafatar social movement, used the theory of McAdam et al, about Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framings. The political opportunity arises from the distrust of government programs that have been offered to the people who are deemed to be ineffective. Mobilizing Structur Gafatar movement is manifested through the formation of the organization, forming a network of cooperation and collective action. While cultural framing, created through the issues addressed to Gafatar causing the formation of negative stigma in society.


Keywords


Gafatar, Social Movement, and Community

Full Text:

PDF


References

Azwar, Welhendri. 2015. Gerakan Sosial Kaum Tarekat. Padang: Imam Bonjol Press

Diani, Mario. 2000. The Concept of Social Movement. Dalam Nash, Kate. Reading in contemporary political sociology. Blackwell. Oxford, hlm 154-176.

Dirhamsyah, Tedy., Mulyo J.H., Darwanto, D.H., dan Hartono, Slamet. 2016. KetahananPangan, KemandirianPangan dan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Daerah Rawan Pangan di Jawa.Yogyakarta: Plantaxia

Fadaee, Simin. 2010. Environmental Movement in Iran: Application of The New Social Movement Theory in The non-European context. Social Change Journal. Volume 41 (1). Page 79-96. Sage Publication.

Fakih, Mansoer. 1997. Analisis Gender dan Transformasi Sosial. Yogykarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

Haryadi, P. 2011. Menuju Kemandirian Pangan: Ketahanan Pangan Berbasis Sumber Daya Lokal. Southeast Asian Food and Agricultural Science and Science and Technology (SEAFAST) Center, LPPM IPB.

Hollander, Jocelyn A.; & Einwohner, Rachel L. 2004. Conceptualizing Resistentance. Sociological Forum. Vol 19. N0.4 (Des. 2004), pp. 533-554

Maarif, Syamsul. 2010. Perilaku Kolektif Gerakan Sosial. Yogyakarta: Gress Publishing

Makin, Al. 2017. Nabi-nabi Nusantara, Kisah Lia Eden dan lainnya. Yogyakarta: SUKA-Press.

McAdam, Doug; McCarthy, John D; & Zald, Mayer N. 2004. Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structure, and Cultural Framings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pakpahan, A., et all, 1993. Penelitian Tentang Ketahan Pangan Masyarakat Berpendapatan Rendah. Bogor: Monograph Series No. 14 Pusat Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian.

Shihab, Alwi. 2002. Membendung Arus: Respons Gerakan Muhammadiyah Terhadap Penetrasi Misi Kristen di Indonesia. Jakarta: Mizan.

Wahono, Francis, dkk. 2004. Pangan, Kearifan Lokal dan Keanekaragaman Hayati. Yogyakarta: CPRC

Sumber Koran dan Internet

Ambarita, Kristian “ini kata Eks Ketua Gafatar DIY soal program eksodus dan lahan garapan”. 13 Januari 2016 https://anekainfounik.net/2016/01/13/ini-kata-eks-ketua-gafatar-diy-soal-program-eksodus-dan-lahan-garapan/

Assifa, Farid. “Warga Tiga Kecamatan di Bantul tolak eks Gafatar”. 3 Februari 2016. https://regional.kompas.com/read/2016/02/03/01103591/Warga.Tiga.Kecamatan.di.Bantul.Tolak.Eks.Gafatar.

Darmawan, Budi. “Ini Gafatar cara merekrut anggotanya”, 14 Januari 2016. http://palembang.tribunnews.com/2016/01/14/ini-cara-gafatar-merekrut-anggotanya

Fachrudin, A. A. “Gafatar dalam Narasi: Melampaui Isu Agama” telah dipublikasikan di http://crcs.ugm.ac.id/ pada tanggal 24 Oktober 2016

Fira.“Pengusiran 1.000 Eks Anggota Gafatar Merupakan Pelanggaran”. 21 Januari 2016. http://www.obsessionnews.com/daerah/pengusiran-1-000-eks-anggota-gafatar-merupakan-pelanggaran/.

Firdaus, Fahmi “Gelar Rakernas, Gafatar siap wujudkan kedaulatan pangan”. 27 Februari 2015. https://news.okezone.com/read/2015/02/27/337/1111695/gelar-rakernas-gafatar-siap-wujudkan-kedaulatan-pangan.

Kusuma,Wijaya “Gafatar sudah bubar sejak 2015”. 12 Januari 2016. https://regional.kompas.com/read/2016/01/12/14323651/. Gafatar.Sudah.Bubar.sejak.2015

Puspitasari, M. A dkk. “Mereka bingung jika pulang ke kampung halaman” Tempo, edisi Januari 2016

Ravishop, “GAFATAR: Persoalan pangan adalah persoalan hidup dan mati”. 9 Maret 2017. http//sayangi.com/berita/2017/03/09/GAFATAR-Persoalan-Pangan-adalah-persoalan-Hidup-dan-Mati/

______________“Apa itu Gerakan Gajar Utama (GAFATAR)?”. Gafatarian.blogspot.co.id. 11 Januari 2016.

Sabandar, Switzi. ” untuk program pangan, Gafatar punya 5 ribu Ha di Kalimantan”. 20 Januari 2016. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/737775/untuk-progam-pangan-gafatar-punya-5-ribu-ha-di-kalimantan

Trianita, Linda. Dkk. “Kepala Polri sebut Gafatar ingin dirikan negara sendiri” Tempo, edisi 26 Januari 2016

Puspitasari, M. A dkk. “Mereka bingung jika pulang ke kampung halaman” Tempo,edisi 25 Januari 2016



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.43887

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1856 | views : 6787

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 SASDAYA: Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Registered number ISSN 2549-3884 (online) 

 hit
counter View My Stats