Analisis Ekowisata di Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Raja Ampat: Daya Dukung dan Evaluasi Wisatawan dari Situs TripAdvisor

https://doi.org/10.22146/jnp.91876

Sharfina Elda Larasati(1*), Nur Fadhlan Aminun(2)

(1) Program Studi Biomanajemen, Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati, Institut Teknologi Bandung
(2) Program Studi Biomanajemen, Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati, Institut Teknologi Bandung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Managing natural tourism in the Water Conservation Area (KKP) is challenging as it must adhere to conservation principles while preserving user access rights and visitor experiences. To address this, we conducted a literature review to aid KKP Raja Ampat in developing sustainable ecotourism. Using TripAdvisor reviews, we assessed tourist perceptions, analyzing 35 reviews covering overall satisfaction, environmental aspects, service, and management. Carrying capacity calculations, following the Cifuentes method, were applied in a case study of KKP Dampier Strait and various marine tourism areas in Raja Ampat. Findings reveal the real carrying capacity in KKP Dampier Strait is 8 - 854 visitors daily, while in Raja Ampat marine tourism areas, it ranges from 17 - 1,881 visitors depending on location and activities. The tourism potential can be further developed with suggestions based on carrying capacity calculations. TripAdvisor reviews indicate excellent tourist experiences. Ultimately, these reviews serve as a valuable tool for decision-makers, identifying negative aspects and proposing solutions for effective management.

Keywords


Carrying Capacity; Ecotourism; Raja Ampat; Sustainability; TripAdvisor

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adesetiani, S., & Kolopaking, L. M. (2022). Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Wisata Homestay Berbasis Komunitas di Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Provinsi Papua Barat The Development Strategy of Community-based Homestay Tourism Business in Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province. 10(01).

Atmodjo, E., Lamers , M., & Mol, A. (2017). Financing marine conservation tourism: governing entrance fees in Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Marine Policy. 78(2017):181-188.

Bentz, J., Lopes, F., Calado, H., & Dearden, P. (2016). Managing marine wildlife tourism activities: Analysis of motivations and specialization levels of divers and whale watchers. Tourism Management Perspectives. 18(1):74–83.

Chougule, B. (2011). Environmental Carrying Capacity and Ecotourism Development. International Journal of Economic Issues. 4(1) : 45-5

Cifuentes, M. (1992). Tourism Principles and Practice. London: Longman Group.

Cong, L., Wu, B., Morrison, A. M., Shu, H., & Wang, M. (2014). Analysis of wildlife tourism experiences with endangered species: An exploratory study of encounters with giant pandas in Chengdu, China. Tourism Management, 40, 300–310. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2013.07.005

Corbau, C., Carboni, D., Simeoni, U., Congiatu, P.P,, Benedetto, G. (2019). Tourism analysis at Asinara Island (Italy): Carrying capacity and web T evaluations in two pocket beaches. Ocean and Coastal Management. 169 (2019): 27-36.

Dolnicar, S. (2020). Designing for More Environmentally Friendly Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 84(September). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2020.102933

Faiz, S. A., dan Komalasari, R. I. (2020). The Assessment of Tourism Carrying Capacity in Lombok Island. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 592(1):1-11.

Farahani, B.M. (2013). School-stay as Seasonal Accomodation for Particular Travelers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 91(1):97–104.

Firmansyah, F., Umilia, E., Yusuf, M., & Pratomoatmojo, N. (2020). Carrying capacity and environmental capacity analysis based on ecosystem services in Surabaya. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 562. 012027. 10.1088/1755-1315/562/1/012027.

Hamsinah, B. (2016). Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Terhadap Industri Pariwisata di Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Papua Barat. Inovasi: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Manajemen, 3(1), 97-116.

He, Y., Huang, P., & Xu, H. (2018). Simulation of a dynamical ecotourism system with low carbon activity: A case from western China. Journal of Environmental Management, 206, 1243–1252.

Higginbottom, K., Rann, K., Moscardo, G., Davis, D., & Muloin, S. (2001). Status Assessment of Wildlife Tourism in Australia: An overview. Gold Coast, QLD: CRC for Sustainable Tourism.

Higgins-Desbiolles, F., Carnicelli S., Krolikowski, C., Wijesinghe, G. & Boluk, K. (2019). Degrowing tourism: rethinking tourism. J. Sustain. Tour. 27(1): 1926–44.

Huete-Alcocer, N. (2017). A Literature Review of Word of Mouth and Electronic Word of Mouth: Implications for Consumer Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology. 8. 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01256

Huffard, C.L., Wilson, J., Hitipeuw, C., Rotinsulu, C, Mangubhai S, Erdmann MV, Adnyana W, Barber P, Manuputty J, & Mondong M. (2012). Ecosystem based management in the Bird’s Head Seascape Indonesia: turning science into action. Ecosystem Based Management Program: Conservation International. Nat. Conserv : WWF Indonesia.

Jahroh S., Megawati L. R., Manullang R. J. Y., & Chasanah A. (2022). Risk Management of Birdwatching Saporkren Tourism Destination, Raja Ampat. Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship (IJBE), 8(2), 324. https://doi.org/10.17358/ijbe.8.2.324

Khrisnamurti, K., Utami, H., & Darmawan, R. (2017). Dampak Pariwisata terhadap Lingkungan di Pulau Tidung Kepulauan Seribu. Kajian. 21(3), 257–273

Limberger, P.F., dos Anjos, F.A., de Souza Meira, J.V., & dos Anjos, S.J., (2014). Satisfaction in hospitality on TripAdvisor.com: an analysis of the correlation between evaluation criteria and overall satisfaction. Tourism Manag. Stud. 10 (1), 59–65.

Lorza, Sara González de Uzqueta de. (2015). Who Cares4Destinations? The role of tourism 2.0 in marine governance of a marine tourist destination - Raja Ampat [Thesis]. Wagenigen (NL) : Wagenigen Univerity.

Mangubhai, S., Erdmann, M.V., Wilson, J.R., Huffard, C.L., Ballamu, F., Hidayat, N.I., Hitipeuw, C., Lazuardi, M.E., Muhajir, Pada, D., Purba, G., Rotinsulu, C., Rumetna, L., Sumolang, L., & Wen, W. (2012). Papuan bird's head seascape: emerging threats and challenges in the global center of marine biodiversity. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64: 2279–2295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.07.024.

Manumpil, A. W., Mandagi, S. V, & Lasut, M. T. (2019). The Effectiveness of Bunaken National Park Management. Aquatic Science, and Management, 5(1) : 11. https://doi.org/10.35800/jasm.5.1.2017.24214.

Natsir, Suhartini, M., & Subkhan. (2012). "Benthic Foraminifera in South Waigeo Waters, Raja Ampat, West Papua." Bulletin of the Marine Geology. 27(1):1-6, doi:10.32693/bomg.v27i1.40

Nikijuluw, V., Papilaya, R., Boli, P., Erdman, M., Kasmidi, M. (2017). Daya Dukung Pariwisata Berkelanjutan Raja Ampat. Conservation International Indonesia.

Prinz, N., Story, R., Lyon, S., Ferse, S., Bejarano, S. (2020). To Feed or Not to Feed? Coral Reef Fish Responses to Artificial Feeding and Stakeholder Perceptions in the Aitutaki Lagoon, Cook Islands. Frontiers in Marine Science. 7. 145. 10.3389/fmars.2020.00145

Randall, C., Rollins, R.B. (2009). Visitor perceptions of the role of tour guides in natural areas. J. Sustain. Tourism 17 (3):357–374. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 09669580802159727

Rudyanto, R. L., Setyawan, D., & Prabowo, N. A. (2015). Dokumentasi Proses dan Pembelajaran Pembentukan KKPD Raja Ampat dan Pembentukan BLUD UPTD KKPD Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat (ID): The Nature Conservancy.

Snyder H. (2019). Literature review as a research methodology: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research. 104(1): 333-339.

Sotiriadis, M. D., & Van Zyl, C. (2013). Electronic word-of-mouth and online reviews in tourism services: the use of twitter by tourists. Electron. Commer. Res. 13, 103–124. doi: 10.1007/s10660-013-9108-1.

Tjilen, A. P., Ririhena, S. W., Jalal, N., Antonio, L., Teturan, Y. E., and Jeujanan, W. (2018). The Coastal Community Development Project (CCDP) Environmentally Sustainable Empowerment Model in District Merauke. E3S Web of Conferences, 73 (January, 2013), 2016–2019. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20187302016

Tjilien AP, Sahetapy W, Tambaip B, Betaubun M. (2022). Ecotourism development policy, supporting capacity and development of sustainable tourism facilities and infrastructure in Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province. International Journal of Science and Society. 4(3):13-25.

TripAdvisor.com. (2013). About TripAdvisor. http://www.tripadvisor.com/ PressCenter-c6-About_Us.html (Diakses pada: 08 Desember 2023).

Agostini, V. N., Granth, H.S., Wilson, J., Mangubhai, S., Rotinsulu, C., Hidayat, N., Muljadi, A., Muhajir, Mongdong, M., Darmawan, A., Rumetna, L., Erdmann, M.V., & Possingham, H.P. (2012). Achieving Fisheries and Conservation Objectives within Marine Protected Areas: zoning the Raja Ampat Network (No. 2/12), Indo-Pacific Division, The University of Queensland: Indonesia.

Wibowo, J.M., Muljaningsih, S., & Satria, D. (2019). TripAdvisor sentiment analysis: the policy of ecotourism competitiveness from Bromo, Tengger, and Semeru National Park. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law. 20(5):18-24.

Yulianda, F. (2007). Marine ecotourism as an alternative to the use of coastal resources based conservation. Conference of Sains. 21 February 2007 (Bogor: IPB University).

Yulianda, F., Fahrudin, A., Hutabarat, Armin, A., Hartet,i S., Kusharjani, Kang Ho Sang. (2010). Integrated Coastal and Marine Resources Management, Book 3 (Bogor: Center of Education and Training Forestry-Department Forestry Republic of Indonesia- SECEM – Korea International Cooperation Agency).

Yulianda, F., Kaber, Y., Bengen, D., Dahuri, R. (2020). Mangrove ecosystem for sustainable tourism in Dampier Strait Marine Protected Area Raja Ampat. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 404. 012086. 10.1088/1755-1315/404/1/012086.

Zacharias, D. A., Williams, A. T., Newton, A. (2011). Recreation carrying capacity estimations to support beach management at Praia de Faro, Portugal. J. Applied Geography. 31: 1075-1081



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jnp.91876

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1955 | views : 2368

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Nasional Pariwisata

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 

PUSAT STUDI PARWISATA – Universitas Gadjah Mada, 

Bulaksumur Blok D-8, Caturtunggal, Depok, Sleman YOGYAKARTA, 55281

Telp. (0274) 564138 Faks. (0274) 564138

Email: pusparjnp@ugm.ac.id