Duties of authors

The authors of JWTS should submit an original research paper. This means that the work should offer novel contributions to the field of world trade studies. The submitted manuscripts should not have been published and are not currently submitted to other journals. JWTS considers a duplicate submission or publication as unacceptable misconduct.

Authors should accurately and detailedly present their research. They are responsible to appropriately cite, quote, and reference their works, ideas, images, and/or words of others. Failure to do this will be considered as plagiarism. Authors of JWTS may refer to their past works in the submitted manuscript, insofar as the re-use is properly referenced and compliant with copyright policies. However, JWTS discourages authors to re-use large proportions of their past works or to excessively cite their publications in the submitted manuscript. In some cases, these acts may be considered as a form of self-plagiarism which is unethical and unacceptable.

JWTS considers data fabrication and manipulation as serious misconducts. When necessary, the editor may ask the authors to disclose data, computer codes, software tools, or algorithms that have been used to generate the findings of the submitted manuscript for review. The authors should immediately notify the editor once they identify errors and inaccuracies. The authors and editor will then cooperate to retract or correct the publication.

Individuals who have substantially contributed to the design, execution, interpretation, drafting, and revision of the reported study should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that the co-authors have agreed to submit the manuscripts to JWTS. The corresponding author and co-authors are collectively responsible for the accuracy and integrity of their article. They are also responsible to determine the order of authorship. Since JWTS is unable to arbitrate authorship disputes, the editor will ask the institutions that host the research to investigate the disputes.

Authors are obliged to disclose potential conflicts of interest that may influence the interpretations of their research, including the source of financial support that they have received.

If the reported research involves studies on humans, authors are required to ensure that their research has been conducted ethically without harming human subjects in its process.

Duties of editors

Editors of JWTS should treat each submitted manuscript fairly and judge them based solely on their merits. The gender, race, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnicity, citizenship, and political philosophy of authors should not in any way affect the treatment of the manuscripts. Personal information of the authors and the unpublished drafts of their articles are confidential documents that should not be publicly shared, except for the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher. The editors are not allowed to use materials from the submitted manuscripts for their research without written consent from the authors.

Editors are responsible for conducting initial review regarding the originality of the submitted manuscripts. They also identify problems that may compromise the research integrity of the manuscripts, including plagiarism, defamation, copyright infringement, citation manipulation, duplicate submission or publication, failure to appropriately reference the works of others, and failure to disclose conflict of interests. They may contact the authors to clarify these issues.

Editors are responsible to select reviewers with the necessary and sufficient expertise. In doing so, they should not select reviewers that may have potential conflicts of interest. If an editor is potentially involved in the conflicts, the editor should abstain from the review and editorial processes. The editors should also ensure that the peer-review process is constructive. The procedure of peer-review and sections of JWTS that are peer-reviewed should be made transparent to the authors.

Editors are responsible for making the publication decision. This decision must be determined solely by the quality and integrity of the submitted manuscripts. In making the decision, editors may consult the reviewers.

Duties of reviewers

Reviewers assist the editors in making the publication decision. They should provide an objective, fair, and high-quality feedback to the submitted manuscripts in order to help the authors improve their articles. They need to evaluate the scientific rigor of the reported study, the adequacy of the data, the validity of the interpretations, the importance and originality of the studies, the clarity of presentation, and the relevance of the manuscripts to JWTS’ readers. The views of the reviewers should be supported with sufficient arguments and references. Personal criticism against authors is not allowed.

Reviewers should ensure, as far as possible, that the authors have cited works that are relevant to their manuscripts and properly attributed ideas that they use in the manuscripts to their original sources. Reviewers should notify the editor if they find that the submitted manuscripts are significantly similar to other published manuscripts or if they detect potential issues that may compromise the integrity of the submitted papers.

Before accepting editors’ requests for manuscript review, reviewers should declare their potential conflicts of interest to the editors. In the case in which potential conflicts of interest may arise, reviewers should decline the request for review. They should also notify the editors if they believe that they are unqualified to perform the review or unable to provide timely feedback.

The peer-review process is confidential. Reviewers are not allowed to disclose information regarding the submitted manuscripts without the authorisation of the editors or to use the information for personal advantage.

Desk review. Manuscripts submitted to JWTS will immediately undergo a desk review in which the board of editors assesses the originality, scientific rigor, and research integrity of the manuscripts. The board also examines whether the manuscripts conform to the writing guidelines and fit the aims and scope of JWTS. The board of editors may ask the authors to revise the manuscripts or, in some cases, reject the manuscripts. The authors will be notified about the decision in 14 days.

Peer-review. Manuscripts of sufficient quality will be processed to the peer review stage. Editors will select appropriate experts to review the submitted manuscripts. JWTS adheres to a double blind-review process policy. Two reviewers will provide feedback to the authors anonymously. The identity of the authors will also remain anonymous to the reviewers. The peer-review process will take 5 weeks.

The reviewers will then inform the board of editors regarding their recommendation. They may select one of the following decisions:

Accepted submission. Manuscripts are accepted for publication. Copy-editing may still be needed to increase the clarity of the manuscripts.

Accepted with minor revisions. Manuscripts may be accepted for publication once the reviewers’ concern is appropriately addressed. The authors will be given 7 days to revise their manuscripts.

Accepted with major revisions. Manuscripts have substantial inadequacies that require major revision. The authors will be given, at maximum, 3 weeks to address the reviewers’ concern.

Rejected. Manuscripts are not accepted for publication. This may indicate that the manuscripts (1) are not sufficiently original or significant (2) do not fit the aims and scope of JWTS (3) are problematic in their design, methodology, or analysis (4) have their research integrity compromised.

Final Decision. The board of editors will consider the recommendation of peer reviewers in making their decisions on the manuscripts. For manuscripts that require minor or major revisions, the authors should provide the editors with a summary of the revision. The board of editors will then evaluate whether the authors have properly addressed the reviewers’ concerns. The editors may reject the manuscripts if the revision is deemed inadequate.

Production. Accepted manuscripts will undergo a proofreading process to improve its clarity, readability, and linguistic quality. The manuscripts will also undergo a layout process. The authors will be notified once these processes are finished. They will be asked to correct errors in the manuscripts and confirm the publication of the article.

Published. The editors will process the manuscripts for online and print publications.

JWTS expects potential authors to read and understand the Publication Ethics of the journal before submitting their manuscripts. Consequently, authors are expected to ensure that their manuscripts are free from plagiarism and other malpractices.

The editor of JWTS will screen submitted manuscripts to identify potential plagiarism issues. These may include failure to appropriately cite the works of others that have been used in the manuscripts in either direct quotation or paraphrased forms. The authors may also be considered as doing self-plagiarism if they fail to properly reference their past works that have been used in the manuscripts or if they resubmit materials that have been previously published. The editor may contact the authors for clarification shall they encounter potential plagiarism issues in the submitted manuscripts.

  1. Submitted manuscripts are written in English. Authors may opt to write in British or American English as far as they are consistent in using the styles throughout the manuscripts.
  2. The manuscripts should be 6.000-8.000 words long, including references, footnotes, tables, figures, captions, and appendices. They are written in Times New Roman pts 12 and 1.5 line spacing on A4 papers.
  3. The manuscripts are submitted in an editable version as a Microsoft Word file (.doc or .docx) or Rich Text Format file (.rtf).
  4. The manuscripts should be organised according to the following template. The template can be downloaded here:
    1. Title. The title should be, at maximum, 14 words long. It should accurately and informatively capture the substance of the submitted manuscripts. It is written in uppercase letters.
    2. Names of the authors. The names of the authors are written without academic degrees, in an order that has been agreed by all of the listed authors and co-authors. The authors should write their institutional affiliation on the title page of the manuscripts. The first listed author will be designated as the corresponding author and is required to list his/her email and correspondence address under the list of the authors’ institutional affiliation. JWTS will only send information regarding submitted manuscripts to the corresponding author.
    3. Abstract and keywords. The abstract is 150-200 words long and, if possible, written in both English and Indonesian. It should, at least, inform the readers about the general description of the manuscripts as well as their aims, methodology, and key findings. The abstract should be complemented with 3-5 appropriate keywords.
    4. Introduction. The introduction should contain, at least, clearly written research questions and rationale on why these questions are important. It should also inform the readers about the hypothesis or arguments of the manuscripts, their novelty, as well as their organisation.
    5. Literature review. This section critically evaluates existing works on the subject being examined by the submitted manuscripts. Its aim is to demonstrate the uniqueness and novelty of the manuscripts compared to the existing literature.
    6. Methods. This section elaborates on how the research collects and analyses data. The methods of the manuscripts should be written detailedly to allow appropriate evaluation against the methods and the reliability of the manuscripts’ findings.
    7. Results and analysis. In this section, the authors should detailedly elaborate their research findings. This elaboration should be able to answer the proposed research questions stated in the Introduction.
    8. Conclusion. This section should summarise the manuscripts and rearticulate the manuscripts’ analysis of the proposed research questions. Manuscripts submitted to JWTS are also expected to outline the implications of their findings to the study and practice of global trade.
    9. Acknowledgements. Authors should disclose financial or other forms of support they have received in this section.
    10. References. Authors are required to only reference works they have cited in their submitted manuscripts. All works mentioned in the manuscripts should be listed in References. Editors will omit works listed in this section that are not mentioned in the manuscripts. The authors are encouraged to ensure that at least 80% of their References are published in the past 10 years. Authors may use citation management software such as Zotero, EndNote, or Mendeley for their works.
    11. Endnotes. Authors may use footnotes only for clarifying or detailing information that has been stated in the main text of the manuscripts. Since JWTS uses an in-text citation system, endnotes should not be used for referencing works that are used or cited in the manuscripts.
  5. Figures and tables should be in black and white format. They should be correctly titled, numbered, and referenced.
  6. JWTS uses the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th edition citation style. References should be ordered alphabetically. It is the full responsibility of the authors to obtain permission to cite materials that they have used in the manuscripts.
  7. The editors are allowed to correct and modify the spelling, writing, and grammar of the published manuscripts in order to improve the quality of the works.

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