Compound Molecules of Network Pharmacology-Based of Tamarillo (Cyphomandra betacea Cav.) and the Potential as Noodle for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Treatment

https://doi.org/10.22146/mot.84655

Fitriyani Fitriyani(1), Salsabila E.S. Ningrum(2), Rohiatul Mutiah(3*), Larasati Sekar Kinasih(4)

(1) Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Maulana Malik Ibrahim Islamic State University of Malang, East Java
(2) Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Maulana Malik Ibrahim Islamic State University of Malang, East Java
(3) Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Maulana Malik Ibrahim Islamic State University of Malang, East Java
(4) Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Maulana Malik Ibrahim Islamic State University of Malang, East Java
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Consuming noodles excessively is not good for health because it contains high trans fat, which can cause diabetes mellitus (DM) as a disease with a high prevalence, especially type 2 DM, as much as 95% in Indonesia. Tamarillo (Chypomandra betacea Cav.) can potentially reduce blood glucose levels and restore adipokine regulation to prevent insulin resistance in type 2 DM. This study aims to determine the formulation and potential of tamarillo compounds into noodle products named "Chypotes (Chypomandra Antidiabetes) Noodle" as an alternative food for type 2 DM patients.  The methods used are noodle formulation, organoleptic test, hedonic test, and network pharmacology.  Based on the results of an organoleptic test, Chypotes Noodle has a chewy texture, a distinctive smell, yellow colour, and a slightly sour tasteless taste typical of Tamarillo. Based on the results of the hedonic test, 30 respondents chose the like and very like options in filling out the questionnaire with a percentage of 80-90%. Based on the Network Pharmacology of Tamarillo shows that 150 of the 365 target proteins of Tamarillo are involved in the biological processes and signaling pathways of type 2 diabetes mellitus, with 75 target proteins locking and interacting. Compound Molecules of Tamarillo, such as six bioactive components of the hydroxycinnamic acids group, have activity in type 2 DM and affect the biological processes and signaling pathways of type 2 DM against ADIPOQ, TNF, and INS. Therefore, Tamarillo can potentially be used as an alternative food product in the form of noodles for type 2 DM treatment.


Keywords


Chypotes Noodle; Hydroxycinnamic Acids; Network Pharmacology; Tamarillo; Type 2 DM

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/mot.84655

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