Penurunan Total Tanin Silase Semak Bunga Putih (Chromolaena odorata) dengan Aditif Tepung Putak (Coryphaelata robx) dan Isi Rumen Sapi

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i3.12838

muhammad ridla(1*), Yelly Magdalena Mulik(2), Iwan Prihantoro(3), Marthen Luther Mullik(4)

(1) Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan IPB
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang. 85001
(3) Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi danTeknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. 16680
(4) Program Studi Ilmu Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang. 85001
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study was aimed to assess the effect of the addition of putak  meal (as a source of carbohydrates) and rumen content (as a source of enzymes) in the making of C. odorata silage to the total content of tannins and nutrient content of C. odorata silage. The treatments were: CO (C. odorata), COP (C. odorata + 10% of putak meal), COPR5 (C. odorata + 10% of putak meal + 5% of rumen content), and COPR10 (C. odorata + 10% of putak meal + 10% of rumen content). The experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design, with 4 x 2 factorial patterns. The first factor was the treatment (CO, COP, COPR4, COPR10) and the second factor is the silage fermentation time (0 days and 21 days). Each treatment was replicated 4 times. The variables measured were concentration of total tannin content and nutrient content. The results showed that the addition of (10% of putak meal and 10% of rumen content) decrease total tannins of the silage by 15.50%. The nutrient content (OM and OP) increased by 3.45% and 41.81% respectively as well as a decline in crude fiber 3% when compared to the silage without additives. Fermentation time of C. odorata silage for 21 days produced the best quality silage fermentation time compared to 0 days.


Keywords


Chromolaena odorata; Nutrient; Putak meal; Rumen content; Silage; Tannins



References

Akinmoladun, A. C., E. M. Obuotor and E. O. Farombi. 2010. Evaluation of antioxidant and free radical scavenging capacities of some Nigerian indigenous medicinal plants. J. Med. Food 13: 444-451.

Atanassova, M. and V. Christova-Bagdassarian. 2009. Short Communication: Determination of tannins content by titrimetric method for comparison of different plant species. J. University Chem. Tech. Metallurgy. 44: 413-415.

AOAC. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th edn. Assoc of Official Analytical Chemist, Washington DC.

Budiansyah, A., Resmi, K. G. Wiryawan, M. T. Soehartono, Y. Widyastuti, dan N. Ramli. 2010. Isolasi dan karakterisasi enzim karbohidrase cairan rumen sapi asal Rumah Potong Hewan. Media Peternakan 33: 36-43.

Ginting, S. P., A. Tarigan, dan R. Krisnan. 2011. Konsumsi fermentasi rumen dan metabolit darah kambing sedang tumbuh yang diberi silase I. arrecta dalam pakan komplit. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner 17: 49-58.

Hai, P. V., H. Everts, D. V. Tien, J. T. Schonewille and W. H. Hendriks. 2012. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 137: 30-35.

Hawaii Department of Agriculture. 2016. Chromolaena odorata. http://manoa.hawaii.edu/hpicesu/DPW/chrodo_flier.pdf. Diakses pada 15 Maret 2016.

Hidayat, C. 2009. Peluang penggunaan kulit singkong sebagai pakan unggas. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, 13-14 Agustus 2009, Bogor, pp. 655-665.

Hilakore, M. A., Suryahadi, K. Wiryawan, dan D. Mangunwijaya. 2013. Peningkatan kadar protein putak melalui fermentasi oleh kapang Trichoderma reesei. Jurnal Veteriner 14: 250-254.

McDonald, P., R. A. Edwards and J. F. D. Greenhalgh. 1984. Animal Nutrition. 4th edn. English Language Book Society. Longman, London.

Mulik, Y. M., M. Ridla, I. Prihantoro and M. L. Mullik. 2016. Anaerobic fermentation effectively reduces concentration of total tannins in Siam Weed (Chromolaenan odorata). Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner 21: 19-21.

Zucker, W. V. 1992. Tannins does structure determination an ecological perspective. Amer. Naturalist 121: 335-365.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i3.12838

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 962 | views : 1597

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.