Improvement Nutrient Digestibility and Production Performance of Cattle Through Restricted Amino Acid and Organic Minerals Addition on Fermented Palm Oil Waste-Based Feed

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.24158

Kusuma Adhianto(1*), Muhtarudin muhtarudin(2), Liman Liman(3), Agus Haryanto(4)

(1) Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
(2) Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
(3) Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
(4) Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung, Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of branched-chain amino acid and organic mineral addition on fermented palm oil waste based-feed to the nutrients digestibility and cattle performance. The research was done using nine Ongole crossbred cattle by applying randomized block design with three treatments and three replications. The first treatment (R0) was fermented palm oil waste-based feed; and the second treatment (R1) was R0 with 13% cassava leaves addition; and the third treatment (R2) was R1 with organic minerals (40 ppm Zn; 10 ppm Cu; 0.1 ppm Se; and 0.3 ppm Cr) addition. The result showed that R2 gave a significant effect (P<0.05) on crude protein, crude fiber, and ether extract digestibility, but showed no significant effect on dry matter and organic matter digestibility and cattle production parameters. The research concluded that fermented palm oil waste-based feed with 13% cassava leaves and organic minerals addition gave the best result based on the digestibility and cattle production parameters.


Keywords


Branched-chain amino acid; Cattle production; Nutrient digestibility; Organic mineral

Full Text:

PDF


References

Bakrie, B. P., P. Sitepu, P. Situmorang, T. Pangabean, and C. H. Sirait. 1995. Pemanfaatan limbah kulit kakau (theobroma cacao) sebagai tinjauan sumber energi dalam ransum ternak potong. Proseding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan. Balai Penelitian Ternak, Ciamis, Bogor.

Devandra, C. 1979. Utilization of Feeding Stuff Palm Oil. Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) Serdang. Selangor,  Malaysia.

Fathul, F., Muhtarudin, Liman, and Y. Widodo. 2003.  Pengaruh perbedaan  Zn organik dan an-organik terhadap ketersediaan seng dan pertumbuhan kambing Kacang. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan 3: 253-258.

Fathul, F. and S. Wajizah. 2010. Additional micromineral Mn and Cu in ration to rumen biofermentation activities of sheep in vitro method. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Veteriner 15: 915.

Fasuyi, A. O. and V. A. Aletor. 2005. Varietal Composition and Functional Properties of Cassava (Manihot esculenta, Cranzt) Leaf Meal and Leaf Protein Concentrates. Pakistan J. Nutr. 4: 43-49.

Febrina, D., N. Jamarun, M. Zain, and Khasrad. 2016. The effects of P, S and Mg supplementation of oil palm fronds fermented by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on rumen fluid characteristics and microbial protein synthesis. Pakistan J. Nutr. 15: 299-304.

Hernaman, I., A. Budiman, and A. Budi. 2007. Pengaruh penundaan pemberian ampas tahu pada domba yang diberi rumput raja terhadap konsumsi dan kecernaan. Laporan Penelitian. Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor. hal 9.

Khalil, M., N. Lestari, P. Sardilla, and Hernom. 2015. The use of local mineral formula as a feed block supplement for beef cattle fed dan wild forages. Media Peternakan 38: 34-41.

Montagnac, J. A., C. R. Davis, and S. A. Tanumihardjo. 2009. Nutritional Value of Cassava for Use as a Staple Food and Recent Advances for Improvement. Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf. 8: 181-194.

Muhtarudin, Liman, and Y. Widodo. 2003. Penggunaan seng organik dan polyunsaturated fatty acid dalam upaya meningkatkan ketersediaan seng, pertumbuhan, sertakualitas daging kambing. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing Perguruan Tinggi. Universitas Lampung.

Muhtarudin and Liman. 2006. Penentuan tingkat penggunaan mineral organik untuk memperbaiki bioproses rumen pada kambing secara in vitro. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 8:132-140.

Muhtarudin, Y. Widodo, Liman, and K. Adhianto. 2016. Utilization of micro-organic minerals in feed based on agroindustry by products to improve ruminant production. Pakistan J. Nutr. 15: 846-848.

NRC. 2016. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. Eighth Revised Edition. The National Academies Press. Washington, DC.

Obeidat, B. S., A. Y. Abdullah, K. Z. Mahmoud, M. S. Awawdeh, N. Z. AL-Beitawi and F. A. AL-Lataifeh. 2009. Effects of feeding sesame meal on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and carcass characteristics of Awassi lambs. Small Rumin. Res. 82: 13-17.

Prayitno, C. H., Suwarno, A. Susanto, and A. Jayanegara. 2016. Effect of Garlic Extract and Organic Mineral Supplementation on Feed Intake, Digestibility and Milk Yield of Lactating Dairy Cows. Asian J. Anim. Sci. 10: 213-218.

Ravidran, V. 1991. Preparation of cassava leaf products and their use as animal feeds. Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation, CIAT, Cali, Colombia. pp 81-95.

Suryitman, L., Warly, A. Rachmat and D. R. Ramadhan. 2015. Effect of minerals S, P and cassava flour leaf supplemented with amoniation palm leaves on the performance beef cattle. Pakistan J. Nutr. 14: 849-853.

Shakweer, I. M. E., A. A. M. El-Mekass and H. M. El-Nahas. 2010. Effect of two different sources of zinc supplementation on productive performance of friesian dairy cows. Egyptian J. Anim. Prod. 47: 11-22.

Zali, A., A. Nik-Khah, A. Zare Shahneh, K. Rezayadi and M. Ganjkhanlou. 2008. Effect of zinc from zinc sulfate on Ewes Weight, milk yield , Zn concentrations in serum and serum alkaline phosphates activity of Varamini Ewes. Pakistan J. Nutr. 7: 578-581.

Tillman, A. D. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprojo, S. Prawirokusumo, and S. Lebdosoekojo. 1998. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Cetakan ke-6. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Zain, M. 1999. Peningkatan manfaat sabut sawit dalam ransum pertumbuhan domba melalui defaunasi parsial dan suplementasi analog hidroksi metionin dan asam amino bercabang. Thesis. Program Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i1.24158

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 429 | views : 462

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.