Effect of Addition Level of Turmeric Powder (Curcuma domestica) in Diet on Growth Performance of Crossbred Rabbit

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i2.61527

Yusti Pujiawati(1*), Ni Luh Gede Budiari(2), I Made Rai Yasa(3)

(1) Bali Assessment Institute of Agriculture Technology Denpasar Selatan, 80222
(2) Bali Assessment Institute of Agriculture Technology Denpasar Selatan, 80222
(3) Bali Assessment Institute of Agriculture Technology Denpasar Selatan, 80222
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The use of feed additive of turmeric powder aimed to improve the growth performances of rabbits. Conducted this research in the Riang Gede Village, Penebel District, Bali Province, in July-October 2018. The rabbit used were 20 aged 8-week-old male crossbred rabbits (New Zealand White and Local Rabbits). The design experimental used was a completely randomized design with four treatments and five replications with details of treatment, namely ration without turmeric powder (P0), ration with 0.5% turmeric powder (P1), ration with 1% turmeric powder (P2), ration with 1.5% turmeric powder (P3). The parameters observed were daily weight gain, final body weight, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio (FCR). Turmeric powder has a positive impact on feed intake, daily body weight gain, FCR, and final body weight of rabbits. The addition of 1.5% turmeric powder had the highest feed intake at first and third-month research 72.98 g/head/day and 106.26 g/head/day. The turmeric powder of 1.5% in ration had the greatest feed conversion ratio of 3.85 with a final body weight of 1902.2 g/head.


Keywords


Crossbred rabbit; Curcumin; Daily body weight gain; FCR; Feed intake; Turmeric powder

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abidi, A., S. Gupta, M. Agarwal, H. L. Bhalla, and M. Saluja. 2014. Evaluation of efficacy of curcumin as an add-on therapy in patients of bronchial asthma. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 8: 19-24.

Al-Kassie, G. A. M., A. M. Mohseen, and A. Abd-AL-Jaleel. 2011. Modification of Productive Performance and Physiological Aspects of Broilers on The Addition of Mixture of Cumin and Turmeric to The Diet. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci. 1: 31-34.

Basavaraj, M., V. Nagabhushana, N. Prakash, S. Mallikarjunappa, M. M. Appannavar, and P. Wagmare. 2010. Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Pulvis Curcuma Longa on the Voluntary Feed Intake. Nutrient Digestibility and Growh Performance of Broiler Rabbits Under Summer Stress. Veterinary World 8: 369-372.

Budiari, N. L. G., Y. Pujiawati, I. N. Adijaya, and I. P. A. Kertawirawan. 2020. Pengaruh Level Tepung Kunyit pada Ransum Sapi Bali terhadap Performa dan Pendapatan Peternak. Prosiding. Seminar Nasiona Teknologi dan Agribisnis Peternakan 7th. Purwokerto (ID) Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Soedirman.

Cheraghipour, K. A. Marzban, B. Ezatpour, S. Khanizadeh, and J. Koshki. 2018. Antiparasitic properties of curcumin: A review. Agriculture and Food 4: 1-18.

Dulbecco, P. and V. Savarino. 2013. Therapeutic potential of curcumin in digestive diseases. World J. Gastroenterol 19: 9256-9270.

Eiben, Cs., B. Vegi, Gy. Virag, K. Godor-Surmann, A. Maro, M. Odermatt, E. Zsedely, T. Toth, and J. Schmidt. 2010. Effect of Different Dietary Ratios of Sunflower and Linseed Oils on Growth and Carcass Traits of Rabbits. Livestock Science 131: 15-22.

Fadare, A. O. and T. J. Fatoba. 2018. Reproductive Performance of Four Breeds of Rabbit in The Humid Tropics. http://www.lrrd.cipav.org.co/lrrd30/7/delod30114.html. Accessed 26 August 2020.

Forsyth, J. E., S. Nurunnahar, S. S. Islam, M. Baker, D. Yeasmin, M. S. Islam, M. Rahmad, S. Fendorf, N. M. Ardoin, P. J. Winch, and S. P. Luby. 2019. Turmeric means”yellow” in Bengali: Lead chromate pigments added to turmeric threaten public health across Bangladesh. Environmental Research 179: 1-10.

Földešiová, M., A. Balazi, L. Charastinova, and P. Chrenek. 2015. The Effect of Curcuma longa dried powder in the Diet on Weight Gain of Rabbit Does. Sloval J. Anim. Sci. 48: 43-48.

Gyu Kim, J., P. K. Mandal, K. D. Choi, C. W. Pyun, G. E. Hong, and C. H. Lee. 2014. Benefical dietary effect of Turmeric and Sulphur on Weight Gain. Fat Deposition and Lipid Profile of Serum and Liver in Rats. J. Food Sci. Technol. 51: 774-779.

Indrawati, Y. A., T. Widjastuti, I. Setiawan, Abun, and R. Partasasmita. 2018. The Growth Performances and The Gut Health Parameters of Sentul Chickens Supplemented with Various Dosage of Turmeric Powder. Nusantara Bioscience 10: 121-125.

Jaguezeski, A. M., G. Perin, N. B. Bottari, R. Wagner, M. B. Fagundes, R. C. Schetinger, V. M. Morsch, C. S. Stein, R. N. Moresco, D. A. Barreta, B. Danieli, R. C. Defiltro, L. B. Schogor, and A. S. Da Silva. 2018. Addition of Curcumin to the Diet of Dairy Sheep Improves Health. Performance and Milk Quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology 246: 144-157.

Keihanian, F., A. Saeidinia, R. K. Bagheri, T. P. Johnston, and A. Sahebkar. 2017. Curcumin. hemostatis. thrombosis and coagulation. Journal of Cellular Physiology. 233: 4497-4511.

Marhaeniyanto, E. and S. Susanti. 2017. Penggunaan Konsentrat Hijau untuk Meningkatkan Produksi Ternak Kelinci New Zealand White. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan 27: 28-39.

Molosse, V., C. F. Souza, M. D. Badissera, P. Glombowsky, G. Campigotto, C. J. Cazaratto, L. M. Stefani, and A. S. Da Silva. 2019. Diet Supplementer with Curcumin for Nursing Lambs Improves Animal Growth. Energetic Metabolism and Performance of The Antioxidant and Immune Systems. Small Ruminant Research 170: 74-81.

Nawab, A., S. Tang, G. Li, L. An, J. Wu, W. Liu, and M. Xiao. 2020. Dietary Curcumin Supplementation Effects on Blood Immunological Profile and Liver Enzymatic Activity of Laying Hens After Exposure to High Temperature Conditions. Journal of Thermal Biology 90: 1-8.

NRC. 1977. Nutrient requirement of rabbits. 2nd revised edn. National Academic Press. Washington.

Oderinwale, O. A., B. O. Oluwatosin, M. O. Onagbesan, A. O. Akinsoyinu, and S. D. Amosu. 2019. Performance of kids produced by three breeds of goat fed diets supplemented with graded levels of Turmeric Powder. Trop Anim Health Prod 52:1239-1248.

Pratiwi, A., Supadmo, A. Astuti, and Panjono. 2017. Kinerja Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Karkas Kelinci Rex yang Diberi Pakan dengan Suplementasi Minyak Jagung. Buletin Peternakan 41: 119-125.

Park, S. S., J. M. Kim, E. J. Kim, H. S. Kim, B. K. An, and C. W. Kang. 2012. Effect of Dietary Turmeric Powder on Laying Performance and Egg Qualities in Laying Hens. Korean J. Poult. Sci. 39: 27-32.

Pujianti, N. A., A. Jaelani, and N. Widaningsih. 2013. Penambahan Tepung Kunyit (Curcuma domestica) dalam Ransum terhadap Daya Cerna Protein dan Bahan Kering pada Ayam Pedaging. Ziraa’ah 36: 49-59.

Pujiawati, Y., L. Khotijah, A. Sudarman and I. Wijayanti. 2018. Effect of Different Ratio Omega-3 and Omega-6 in Total Mix Ration on Productive Performance. Blood Metabolites and Estrous Characteristic of Ewes. Buletin of Animal Science 42: 295-300.

Purwanti, S., Zuprizal, T. Yuwanta, and Supadmo. 2015. Phytobiotic Utilization as Feed Additive in Feed for Pancreatic Enzyme Activity of Broiler Chicken. Animal Production 17: 154-160.

Raharjo, Y. C. 2005. Prospek Peluang dan Tantangan Agribisnis Ternak Kelinci. Prosiding. Disajikan pada Lokakarya Nasional Potensi dan Peluang Pengembangan Usaha Kelinci. Bogor.

Rajput, N., N. Muhammah, R. Yan, X. Zhong, and T. Wang. 2012. Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Curcumin on Growth Performance. Intestinal Morphology and Nutrients Utilization of Broiler Chicks. J. Poult. Sci. 50: 44-52.

Riasi, A., H. Kermanshahi, and A. H. Mahdavi. 2012. Production performance. egg quality and some serum metabolites of older commercial laying hens fed different levels of turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa) powder. J. Med. Plants Res. 6: 2141-2145.

Salah, A. S., M. A. Mahmoud, O. Ahmed-Farid, S. Mahmoud, and El Tarabany. 2019. Effects of Dietary Curcumin and Acetylsalucylic Acid Supplements on Performance. Muscle Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Profiles. Antioxidant Biomarkers and Blood Chemistry of Heat-Stressed Broiler Chickens. Journal of Thermal Biology 84: 259-265.

Safwat, A. M., L. Sarmiento-Franco, R. H. Santos-Ricalde, D. Nieves, and C. A. Sandoval-Castro. 2015. Estimating Apparent Nutrient Digestibility of Diets Containing Leucaena leucocephala or Moringa oleifera Leaf Meals for Growing Rabbits by Two Methods. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28: 1155-1162.

Sikha, A., A. Harini, and L. P. Hedge. 2015. Pharmalogical activities of wild turmeric (Curcuma aromatic Salisb): a review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 3:1-4.

Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1980. Prinsip dan prosedur statistika. Terjemahan: B. Sumantri. Gedia Pustaka Utama Press, Jakarta.

Umar, N. M., T. Parumasivam, N. Aminu, and T. S. M. Toh. 2020. Phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Curcuma aromatic Salisb (wild turmeric). Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 10:180-194.

Wirasuta, I. M. A. G., C. I. T. R. Dewi, N. P. L. Laksmiani, I. G. A. M. Srinadi, and D. P. Putra. 2018. The Prediction of Curcumin Content in the Turmeric Rhizome with Raman Handheld Spectroscopy. Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology 5: 88-92.

Xun, W., L. Shi, H. Zhou, G. Hou, T. Cao, and C. Zhao. 2015. Effects of Curcumin on Growth Performance. Jejunal Mucosal Membrane Integrity. Morphology and Immune Status in Weaned Piglets Challenged with Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. International Immunopharmacology. 1-7.

Yang, M., U. Akbar, and C. Mohan. 2019. Curcumin in autoimmune and rheumatic diseases. Nutrients 11: 1-15.

Yao, Y., W. Wang, M. Li, H. Ren, C. Chen, J. Wang, W. E. Wang, J. Yang, and C. Zeng. 2016. Curcumin exerts its anti-hypertensive effect by down-regulating the AT1 receptor in vascular smooth muscle cells. Scientific Reports. 6: 25579.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i2.61527

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1158 | views : 945

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

   
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.