Determination of Morphological Characteristics in Kuantan Cattle using Multivariate Analysis

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i3.66868

Restu Misrianti(1), Jessy Mainidar(2), Hasrul Bani Asharudin(3), Yureni Sahril Dedi(4), Arsyadi Ali(5), Sony Hartono Wijaya(6), Cece Sumantri(7), Jakaria Jakaria(8*)

(1) Graduate Program In Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia
(5) Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia
(6) Departement of Computer Science, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(7) Departement of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(8) Departement of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of this research was to characterized morphology and estimated genetic distance between intra population of Kuantan cattle. A Total of 213 cattle (44 male and 169 female with age ranging from 2-3 years) were used in this study and collected from extensive ranging systems in Three sub-population (Cerenti, Inuman, and Kuantan Hilir regions) Kuantan Singingi Regency, Riau Province. Five variables were measured that is Body Length (BL)(cm), Wither Height (WH)(cm), Hip Height (HH)(cm), Chest Girth (CG)(cm), and Chest Depth (CD)(cm). Data obtained were descriptive analysis, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchichal Clustering Analysis (HCA)  using XLSTAT program. All variables of body measurement in the Kuantan Hilir region were higher than Cerenti dan Inuman, Kuantan Singingi Regency. The first factor in PCA described body measurement contributed 32.77%, and the second factor described body shape contribute 25.83% of total variability. The dendrogram showed there is Three clusters of Kuantan Cattle based on this research.


Keywords


Genetic distance; Kuantan cattle; Morphological Characteristics; PCA

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i3.66868

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