POTENSI BIOLOGI BIJI PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA ITIK RAJA

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6717

Rini Rachmatika(1*), Siti Nuramaliati Prijono(2)

(1) 
(2) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of papaya seed in feed on Raja duck’s performance. Experimental animals were 72 birds of 7 days old Raja ducks. Variables observed were feed intake, body weight gain, and feed conversion ratio. Experiment was assigned in one way of Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and three replication (six birds each). The treatments diets were T0 = basal diets without papaya seed, T1=0.3%, T2=0.6%, and T3=1.2% papaya seed. Dietary treatment were provided until 45 days of age. Data were subjected to analysis of variance using SPSS 16.0 and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test for all significant results at 5% level of probability. Result showed that feeding diets with 1.2% papaya seed supplementation reduced feed intake but increased body weight gain, resulted in better feed conversion ratio (P<0.05). It might indicate that papaya seed has potency to improve performance of Raja ducks.

(Key words: Duck, Feed conversion ratio, Papaya seed, Performance)


Full Text:

PDF


References

Adeneye, A. A. and J. A. Olagunju. 2009. Preliminary hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activies of the aqueous seed extract of Carica papaya Linn.in Wistar rats. Biol. Med. 1: 1-10.

Allaily. 2006. Kajian silase ransum komplit berbahan baku pakan lokal pada itik Mojosari Alabio jantan. Tesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Anonim. 2007. Standar Pakan Itik. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Anonim. 2012. Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan 2012. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta.

Aravind, G., B. Debjit, S. Duraivel and G. Harish. 2013. Traditional and medicinal uses of Carica papaya. J. Med. Plant Stud. 1: 7-15.

Banso, A. and S. O. Adeyemo. 2007. Evaluation of antibacterial properties of tannins isolated from Dichrostachys cinerea. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 6: 1785-1787.

Beriajaya, T. B. Murdiati, T. Kristianti, dan G. Adiwinata. 1996. Biji pepaya sebagai anthelminthic terhadap Haemonchus contortus pada domba. Prosiding Temu Ilmiah Nasional Bidang Veteriner, 12-13 Maret 1996.

Bolu, S. A. O., F. E. Sola-Ojo, O. A. Olorunsanya and K. Idris. 2009. Effect of graded levels of dried pawpaw (Carica papaya) seed on the performance, haematology, serum biochemistry and carcass evaluation of chicken broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 8: 905-909.

Hardjosworo, P. dan Rukmiasih. 1999. Itik Permasalahan dan Pemecahan. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Kusumaningtyas, P. 2012. Itik: Potensi Bisnis dan Kisah Sukses Praktisi. Penebar Swadaya, Depok, Jawa Barat.

Maisarah, A. M., R. Asmah and O. Fauziah. 2014. Proximate analysis, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of different parts of Carica papaya. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 4: 2-7.

North, M. O. 1984. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 3rd edn. The AVI Publishing Company, Inc. Westport, Connecticut, USA.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. 9th edn. Rev. National Academy Press, Washington DC.

Parashar, G. C. and R. K. Mehta. 1996. Effect of Buttea frandosa, Veronicaa anthelminthica and Carica papaya against Oxyurids in mice. Indian Vet. J. 43: 744-748.

Purba, M. dan P. P. Ketaren. 2010. Performa itik jantan MA jantan umur enam minggu dengan suplementasi santoquin dan vitamin E dalam pakan. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, Bogor.

Rasyaf, M. 2004. Beternak Ayam Pedaging. PT. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Setiaji, D. 2003. Efektivitas infus biji pepaya sebagai anthelmintik pada ayam buras terinfeksi cacing secara alami. Skripsi Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Singh, O. and M. Ali. 2011. Phytochemical and Antifungal profiles of the seeds of Carica papaya L. Indian J. Pharm. Sci. 73: 447-451.

Steel, R. G. D. dan J. H. Torrie. 1993. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistik: Suatu Prosedur Pendekatan Biometrik. Edisi ke-2. Penerbit PT Gramedia, Jakarta.

Subhan, A. 2009. Pengaruh penggunaan sagu kukus (Metroxylon spp.) dan tepung keong mas (Pomacea spp.) sebagai pengganti jagung kuning dalam pakan terhadap penampilan itik jantan Alabio, Mojosari, dan hasil persilangannya. Tesis Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Suharsono, 1987. Respon Telur terhadap Berbagai Kondisi Lingkungan. Direktorat Pembinaan Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Depdikbud, Jakarta.

Sukadana, I. M., S. R. Santi, dan N. K. Juliarti. 2008. Aktifitas antibakteri senyawa golongan triterpenoid dari biji pepaya (Carica papaya L.). Jurnal Kimia 2: 15-18.

Susanti, T. 2003. Strategi pembibitan itik Alabio dan Mojosari. Tesis Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Suyadi. 1992. Pengaruh tingkat kandungan ransum terhadap titer antibodi Newcastle Disease, kadar albumin serum dan performan ayam pedaging. Tesis Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.

Warisno. 2003. Budidaya Pepaya. Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Widodo, W. 2005. Tanaman Beracun dalam Kehidupan Ternak. UMM Press, Malang.

Zuprizal. 2006. Nutrisi Unggas. Jurusan Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak. Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. 128



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6717

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1523 | views : 1608

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.