The Effect of Protected Lemuru Fish Oil Supplementation on In Vivo Nutrient Digestibility and Sheep Blood Profile

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i1.70339

Ratri Ratna Dewi(1*), Kustantinah Kustantinah(2), Muhlisin Muhlisin(3)

(1) Faculty of Animal Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Faculty of Animal Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Faculty of Animal Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research was intended to observe the effect of protected lemuru fish (Sardinella longiceps) oil for ruminants, especially for sheep. This study aimed to evaluate the digested nutrients and blood profile of sheep. This study was conducted in September-October 2020 in Dumbira Farm, Kalasan, Yogyakarta, using 12 sheep divided into 3 treatments with 4 replications each. Treatment P0 was Total Mixed Ration (TMR) without protected Lemuru fish oil (control), treatment P1 was TMR with 5% protected Lemuru fish oil, and treatment P2 was TMR with 10% protected Lemuru fish oil. The data were statistically analyzed using one way analysis of variance and continued with Duncan new Multiple Range Test for significant results. The results of this study indicated that the addition of 10% protected Lemuru fish oil in TMR feed had a significant effect (P<0,05) on the increased value of in vivo digestion of crude fiber and crude fat, but did not affect the digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, and protein. The addition of protected Lemuru fish oil did not cause hematological disorders showed by the blood profiles were in the normal range. In conclusion, protected lemuru fish oil supplementation had a favorable influence on the production performance without affecting blood profile of sheep.


Keywords


Lemuru fish oil protected; Digestibility; Blood profile; Sheep

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abqoriyah, S. D. Widyawati, and Lutojo. 2013. Penggunaan minyak ikan lemuru (Sardinella longiceps) dan minyak kelapa sawit diproteksi dalam ransum domba lokal jantan terhadap daya guna pakan serat. Zoo Indonesia. 22: 39-46.

Adawiah, T. Sutardi, T. Toharmat, W. Manalu, and N. Ramli. 2006. Respons suplementasi sabun mineral dan mineral organik serta kacang kedelai sangrai pada kecernaan nutrien pakan dan leak serum domba. J. Indon. Trop. Anim. Agric. 31: 211-218.

Aharoni, Y., A. Orlov and A. Brosh. 2004. Effect of high-forage content and olseed supplementation of fattening diets on conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans fatty acids profiles of beef lipid fractions. J. Anim. Sci. Techno. 117: 43-60.

Alam, M. K., Y. Ogata, Y. Sako, M. Al-Mamun and H. Sano. 2010. Intermediary metabolism of plasma acetic acid, glucose and protein in sheep fed a rice straw based diet. J. Anim. Sci. 23: 1333-1339.

Ashes, J. R., E. Fleck and T. W. Scott. 1995. Dietary manipulation of membrane lipids and its implications for their role in the production of second messenger. In: Ruminant Physiology: Digestion, Metabolism, Growth and Reproduction. W.V. Engerhardt, S.L. Marek, G. Breves and D. Giesecke. (eds) Ferdinand Enke Verlag. Stuttgart. 373-385.

Astuti, D., A Suprayogi, D. R. Marwah, and Suryani. 2006. Status nutrien dan gambaran darah pdomba lokal yang dipelihara di hutan pendidikan Gunung Walat Sukabumi. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Fakultas Peternakan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Astuti, D. A., D. R. Ekastuti, Y. Sugiarti and Marwah. 2008. Profil darah dan nilai hematologi domba lokal yang dipelihara di Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat Sukabumi. Agripet. 8: 1-8.

Behan, A. A., T. C. Loh, S. Fakurazi, U. Kaka, A. Kaka, and A. A. Samsudin. 2019. Effect of supplementation of rumen protected fats on rumen ecology and digestibility of nutriens in sheep. Animals. 9: 1-18.

Cheng Z. J. and R. W. Hardy. 2004. Protein and lipid sources affect cholesterol concentrations of juvenile Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone). J. Anim. Sci. 82: 1136–1145.

Cynthia M. K. and L. Scott. 2005. The Merck Veterinary Manual. 9th edn. Kahn CM Merck & Co Inc, New Jersey.

Damron, W. S. 2003. Introduction to Animal Science: Biological, Industry Perspective. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Faisal, F., A. Rochana, and K. A. Kamil. 2017. Kajian kandungan kimia darah dan pertambahan bobot badan domba garut betina lepas sapih dengan imbangan protein dan energi yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak 17: 92-96.

Gagah, H. W., M. Yamin, H. Nuraini, and A. Esfandiari. 2016. Performans produksi dan profil metabolik darah domba garut dan jonggol yang diberi limbah tauge dan omega-3. Jurnal Veteriner 2: 246-256.

Gross, J. J., A. C. Schwinn, F. Schmitz-Hsu, F. Menzi, C. Drogemuller, C. Albrecht, and R. M. Bruckmaier. 2016. Rapid communiation: cholesterol deficiency associated APOB Impacts lipid metabolism in Holstein calves and breedingbulls. J. Anim. Sci. 94: 1761-1766.

Hasanudin, S., V. D. Yunianto and Tristiarti. 2013. Profil lemak darah pada ayam broiler yang diberi pakan step down protein dengan penambahan air perasan jeruk nipis sebagai acidifier. JITP 3: 11-17.

Hatta, M., R. Priyanto, M. S. Mas, and Kusumandari. 2018. Chemical characteristic and cholesterol level of local sheep with intensive fattening. 1st International Conference of Animal Science and Technology (ICAST).

Jenkins, T. C. and D. L. Palmquist. 1984. Effect of fatty acid or calcium soaps on rumen and total nutrient digestibility of dairy rations. J. Dairy Sci. 67: 978–986.

John, M. 2005. Tropical dairy farming : feeding management for small holder dairy farmers in the humid tropics. Landlinks Press.

Johnson, K. A., R. L. Kincald, H. H. Westberg, C. T. Gaski,/l/ns, B. K. Lamb and J. D. Conrath. 2002. The effect of oilseed in diets of lactating cows on milk production and methane emissions. J. Dairy Sci. 85: 1509-1515.

Kustantinah, H. Hartadi, and R. S. Irwansyah. 2007. Pengaruh suplementasi pada pakan basal rumput raja terhadap kinerja kambing bligon yang dipelihara KWT Lestari, Dusun Kwarasan, Kecamatan Nglipar, Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Proceeding Seminar Nasional AINI VI. 455-461.

Pramono, A., Kustono, D. T. Widayati, P. P. Putro, E. Handayanta, and H. Hartadi. 2013. Evaluasi proteksi sabun kalsium sebagai pakan suplemen berdasarkan kecernaan bahan kering, kecernaan bahan organik dan pH in vitro di dalam rumen dan pasca rumen. Sains Peternakan. 11: 70-78.

Pramitasari, M. R., R. Riana, and M. Bahrudin. 2012. Pengaruh ekstrak bawang putih (Allium Sativum L) terhadap perbaikan profil lipid pada Rattus norvegicus strain wistar hiperkolesterolemia. Saintika Medika: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan dan Kedokteran Keluarga. 8: 85-96.

Prayitno, R. S. and N. Heni. 2021. Pengaruh pemberian limbah daun bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) sebagai hijauan alternatif terhadap profil lemak darah domba. Jurnal Peternakan. 18: 19-24.

Setyaningrum, A., Soeparno, L. M. Yusiati, and Kustantinah. 2015. Performance and meat quality of thin tailed sheep in supplementary feeding lemuru fish oil protected by saponification with different NaOH concentration. J. Anim. Prod. 17: 177-185.

Soehardi, S. 2004. Memelihara kesehatan jasmani melalui akanan. Penerbit Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung.

Sudarmi, N., S. N. O. Suwandyastuti, and M. Bata. 2012. Pengaruh penggunaan ampas bir terhadap konsumsi, profil lemak darah dan daging domba. Prosiding seminar nasional “pengembangan agribisnis peternakan menuju swasembada protein hewani Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. Pp.89-94.

Tanuwiria, U. H., D. C. Budinuryanto, S. Darodjah, and W. S. Putranto. 2006. Studi suplemen komplek mineral minyak dan mineralorganik dan pengaruhnya terhadap fermentabilitas dan kecernaan ransum invitro serta pertumbuhan pada domba jantan. Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor. Jurnal Protein 14: 167-176.

Wina, E. and I. W. R. Susana. 2013. Manfaat lemak terproteksi untuk meningkatkan produksi dan reproduksi ternak ruminansia. Balai Penelitian Ternak, Bogor.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i1.70339

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 685 | views : 783

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

   
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.