Peran Regulasi Diri dan Konformitas terhadap Perilaku Berkendara Berisiko pada Remaja

Happy Virgina Puspa Nirmala, Bhina Patria
(Submitted 6 February 2018)
(Published 6 February 2018)


There are a number factors that contribute to the traffic accident at adolescents. One of them is the implementation of risky driving behaviour. The psychological factros that can be the predictors of risky driving behaviour are self-regulation and conformity. The aim of this research is to identify the factors’ role of risky driving behaviour at young novice drivers. The study involved adolescents aged 16 to 18 who were eligible subjects of the study. This study uses an adaptation of the Driving Behaviour Quetionnaire (DBQ) and The Czech Self-Regulation Quetionnaire (SRQ-Cz). Hypotheses of this research is that self-regulation and conformity have contribution to the risky driving behaviour. Regression analysis shows that self-regulation and conformity 13.5% contribute to the risky driving behaviour simultaneously, 6.5% is from self-regulation and 7% from conformity (F= 6,29; p<0,05). Analysis also shows that self-regulation has negative correlation to the risky driving behaviour where as conformity has positive correlation to the risky driving behaviour.


adolescents; traffic accident; risky driving behaviour; self-regulation; conformity

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajop.33095


Baumeister, R. F., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). Social psychology and human nature (3rd ed.). Canada: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Baumeister, R., Schmeichel, B. J., & Vohs, K. D. (2007). Self-regulation and executive function: The self as controlling agent. Dalam A. W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Penyunt.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (2nd ed., hal. 516-536). New York: The Guliford Press.

Berger, A. (2011). Self-regulation: Brain, cognition, and development. London: APA.

Briem, V., Radeborg, K., Salo, I., & Bengston, H. (2004). Developmental aspects of children's behavior and safety while cycling. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 29, 369-377. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsh040

Franzoi, S. L. (2009). Social psychology (5th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.

Gavora, P., Jakešova, J., & Kalenda, J. (2015). The Czech validation of the self-regulation quetionnaire. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 222-230. doi:10.1016/j.Sbspro.2015.01.113

Martin, R., & Hewstone, M. (2003). Social-influence processes of control and change: conformity, obedience to authority and innovation. Dalam M. A. Hogg, & J. Cooper (Penyunt.), The Sage Handbook of Social Psychology (hal. 266-284). London: Sage.

McGhie, A., Lewis, I., & Hyde, M. K. (2011). The influence of conformity and group identity on drink walking intentions: Comparing intentions to drink walk across risky pedestrian crossing scenarios. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 639-645. doi:10.1016/j.Aap.2011.09.035

Myers, D. G. (2010). Social psychology (10th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. Ragin, D. F. (2015). Health psychology: an interdisciplinary approach to health (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.

Ramisetty-Mikler, S., & Almakadma, A. (2016). attitudes and behaviors towards risky driving among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 55-63. doi:10.1016/j. Ijpam.2016.03.003

Rhodes, N., & Pivik, K. (2010). Age and gender differences in risky driving: the roles of positive affect and risk perception. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 923-931. doi:10.1016/j.Aap.2010.11.015

Santrock, J. W. (2014). A topical approach of life span developement (7th ed.). New York: McGraw Hills.

Scott-Parker, B., Watson, B., King, M., & Hyde, M. (2014). "I would have lost the respect of my friends and family if they knew I had bent the road rules": parents, peers, and the perilous behaviour of young drivers. Transportation Research Part F, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j. Trf.2014.10.004

Sulartiningsih. (2013). Hubungan konsep diri dan konformitas terhadap Kelompok teman sebaya dengan perilaku merokok pada remaja Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP). (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Taylor, S. E., Peplau, L. A., & Sears, D. O. (2006). Social psychology (12th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

Toroyan, T. (2015). Global status report on road safety 2015. Italy: World Health Organization.

Toroyan, T., & Peden, M. (2007). Youth and road safety. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Vassallo, S., Lahausse, J., & Edwards, B. (2015). Factors affecting stability and change in risky driving from late adolescence to the late twenties. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 77-87. doi:10.1016/j.Aap.2015.12.010

WHO. (2007). Youth and road safety. Geneva: World Health Organization.

WHO. (2009). Global status report on road safety: time for action. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Wishart, D., Somoray, K., & Rowland, B. (2016). Role of thrill and adventure seeking in risky work-related driving behaviours. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 362-367. doi:10.1016/j.Paid.2016.08.033


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.