Kesuksesan Karier Ditinjau dari Persepsi Pengembangan Karier dan Komitmen Karier pada Pekerja Millennial

Putu Aninditha Veera Lakshmi, Sumaryono Sumaryono
(Submitted 14 May 2019)
(Published 14 May 2019)


Millennial workers are concerned to succeed in their career so they are willing to move from one organization to another to have successful career. Based on that, it is important for organization to help millennial workers through career development program. Moreover, career success can also be realized by the commitment of employees to their careers. This study was a quantitative study which aimed to determine career success according to perceptions of career development and career commitment. Respondents in this study were millennial workers who work in hospitality industry which were sampled by quota sampling method. Data analysis was done using multiple regression analysis and yielded F = 80.450; p < 0.01. The results of this study stated that perceptions of career development and career commitment are predictors of career success in millennial workers in hospitality industry. The influence of two two predictors contributed 44.8% in increasing career success.


career commitment; career development; success

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajop.45782


Aiken, L. R. (1985). Three coefficients for analyzing the reliability and validity of ratings. Educational and Psychology Measurement, 45, 131-142. doi: 10.1177/0013164485451012

Alzyoud, A. A. Y. (2017). The predictors of career success. International Review of Management and Marketing, 7(2), 22-26.

Amstrong, M. & Taylor, S. (2014). Amstrong’s handbook of human resources management practice. United Kingdom: Kogan Page.

Anafarta, A. & Apaydin, C. (2016). The effect of faculty mentoring on career success and career satisfaction. Journal International Education Study, 9(6), 22-31. doi: 10.5539/ies.v9n6p22

Astina, I. N. G., Bendesa, I. K. G. & Wiranatha, A. S. (2017). The employees quality of services based on the Balinese local wisdoms at non star-rate hotels in bali. Journal of Tourism, 4(1), 55-61. doi: 10.24922/eot.v4i1.30169

Bencsik, A.; Horvart-Csikos, G. & Juhasz, T. (2016). Y and Z generation at workplace. Competitiveness Journal, 8(3), 90-106. doi: /10.7441/joc.2016.03.06

Blau, G. J. (1985). The measurement and prediction of career commitment. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 58(4), 277-288. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1985.tb00201.x

Carson, K. G. & Bodeian, A. G. (1994). Career commitment: construction of a measure and examination of its psychometric properties. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 44(3), 237-262. doi: 10.1006/jvbe.1994.1017

Cicek, I., Karaboga, T. & Sehitoglu, Y. (2016). A new antecedent of career commitment: work to family positive enhancement. Journal Social and Behavioral Science, 229, 417-426. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.152

Colarelli, S. M. & Bishop, R. D. (1990). Career commitment: function correlates, and management. Journal Group and Organization, 15(2), 158-176. doi: 10.1177/105960119001500203

Davis, K. & Werther, W. B. (1996). Human resources and personnel management. Singapore: McGraw-Hill.

Deal, J. J. (2007). Retiring the generation gap: how employee young and old can find common ground. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

Devabanchachai, N. & Muangasame, K. (2013). The preferred work paradigm for generation y in the hotel industry: a case study of the international tourism and hospitality international programme, thailand. International Education Studi, 10(6), 27-38. doi: 10.5539/ies.v6n10p27

Dubrin, A. J. (1982). Contemporary applied management. Texas: Plano. Duckworth, A. & Gross, J. J. (2014). Self-control and grit: related but separable determinants of success. Psychological Science, 23(5), 319-325. doi: 10.1177/0963721414541462

Earl, K. A. (2014). Interest congruence and job satisfaction: a quantitative review. Thesis. Master of Science in Educational Psychology University of Illinois.

Gursoy, D., Chi, C. G. & Karadag, E. (2013). Generational differences in work values and attitudes among frontline and service contact employees. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 32(3), 40-48.doi: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2012.04.002

Hall, D. T. (1996). The career is dead-long live the career: a relational approach to careers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Hall, D. T. (1976). Careers in organizations. California: Goodyear. Hitka, M. & Balazova, Z. (2015). The impact of age, education and seniority on motivation of employees. Bussiness Theory and Practice, 16(1), 113-120.doi: 10.3846/btp.2015.433

Ho, G. K. S., Ahn, M. & Law, R. (2015). Generation Y hospitality management students attitude toward the industry: an asian perspective. Asian Journal of Tourism and Hospitality, 8(9), 40-51.

Judge, T. A., Cable, D. M., Boudreau, J. W. & Bretz, R. D. J. (1995). An empirical investigation of the predictor of executive career success. Journal Personnel Psychology, 48(3), 485-519. doi 10.1111/j.1744-6570.1995.tb01767.x

Judge, T. A., & Hurst, C. (2008). How the rich (and happy) get richer (and happier): relationship of core self-evaluations to trajectories in attaining work success. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(4), 849-863. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.93.4.849

Koekemoer, E. (2014). An explorative study on factors influencing the career success of management employees. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 40(2), 1-10. doi: 10.4102/sajip.v40i2.1204

Kong, H., Wang, S. & Fu, X. (2015). Meeting career expectation: can it enhance job satisfaction of generation Y? International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 27(1), 147-168. doi: 10.1108/IJCHM-08-2013-0353

Leong, F. T.; Rosenberg, S. D. & Chong, S. (2014). A psychometric evolution of Schein’s (1985) Career Orientations Inventory. Journal of Career Assessment, 22(3), 524-538. doi: 10.1177/1069072713498685

Lysova, E. I.; Allan, B. A.; Dik, B. J.; Duffy, R. D. & Steger, M. F. (2017). Fostering meaningful work in organization: a multi-level review and integration. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 110(B), 374-389. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2018.07.004

Malute, D. I. (2012). Dinamika kesuksesan karier job-hopper pada boundaryless career. Thesis Magister Psikologi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Mooney, S. K., Harris, C. & Ryan, I. (2016). Long hospitality careers-a contradiction in terms? International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 28(11), 2589-2608. doi: 10.1108/IJCHM-04-2015-0206

Nduka, O. (2016). Employee motivation and performance. Thesis. Centria University. Ndung’u, C. N. (2016). The effect of mentoring on employee career success in nairobi’s star rated hotels. Thesis. University of Nairobi.

Ng, T. M. H. & Feldman, D. C. (2014). Subjective career success: a meta analytic review. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(2), 169-179. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.06.001 Noviani, E. (2018). Kesejahteraan psikologis pada wanita karier ditinjau dari dukungan sosial keluarga dan kesuksesan karier. Thesis Magister Psikologi Profesi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Pasha, A. T., Hamid, K. A. & Shahzad, A. (2017). Mediating role of career commitment in the relatinship of promotional opportunities, reward and career success. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce, 13(1), 185-199. doi: 10.18187/pjsor.v13i1.1587

Rachman, E. & Jakob, E. (2016). Experd: character building and training. Jakarta: Kompas.

ahmawati, A. (2013). Hubungan antara persepsi terhadap pengembangan karier karyawan dengan loyalitas kerja CV. sinar abadi. Skripsi. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Robbins, S. P. & Judge, T. A. (2008). Perilaku organisasi (buku 1). Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Rosyadi, T. I. (2017). Pengaruh pilihan karier (career choice) dan kesejahteraan (weel-being) terhadap kinerja karier (career performance). Thesis. Magister Psikologi Profesi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Sugiyono. (2007). Statistika untuk penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sultana, R., Yousaf, A., Khan, I. & Saeed, A. (2016). Probing the interactive effects of career commitment and emotional intelligence on perceived objective/ subjective career success. Business and Economic-Management Journals, 45(4), 724-742. doi: 10.1108/PR-11-2014-0265 Sumaryono. (2016). Pengaruh makna karier dan individual well-being terhadap kinerja karier. Disertasi. Program Pascasarjana Universitas Padjajaran Bandung.

Tharanganie, M. G. (2013). The influence on career commitment on motivation to learn and motivation to transfer. Asian Journal of Bussiness and Management, 1(3), 78-86.

Utami, N. P. (2018). Intensi turnover ditinjau dari komitmen karier dan kepemimpinan transformational pada youth urban workers. Tesis. Program Studi Magister Psikologi Profesi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Zemke, R., Raines, C. & Filipczak, B. (2000). Generation at work: managing the clash of the veterans, boomers, xers, and nexters in your workplace. New York: American Management Association.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.