Hubungan Stres dan Kesejahteraan (Well-being) dengan Moderasi Kebersyukuran

Erlis Manita, Marty Mawarpury, Maya Khairani, Kartika Sari

Abstract


This study aimed to determine the correlation of stress and well-being with gratitude moderation in early adults in Aceh. The method of this research was carried out using a quantitative approach. This study involved 349 early adults (264 female, 85 male) with age range of 20-40 years (M = 22.20) selected through the nonprobability sampling method with incidental sampling techniques. Individual’s stress levels were measured using the Perceived Stress Scale, well-being was measured using the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale, and gratitude was measured using the Skala Bersyukur Indonesia. Data were analyzed using moderated regression analysis to test the research hypothesis. The results showed that stress had a significant negative relationship to well-being (β1 = -0.788; p < 0.05), then gratitude was able to moderate the relationship of stress and well-being (β3 = 3.257; p < 0.05). This study showed that there was a correlation between stress and well-being with gratitude moderation. It meant that grateful people focus on things that are grateful for every day, so that the impact on low stress levels and can improve individual well-being.

Keywords


aceh; early adult; gratitude; stress; well-being

References


Aisyah, A., & Chisol, R. (2018). Rasa syukur kaitannya dengan kesejahteraan psikologi pada guru honorer sekolah dasar. Proyeksi, 13(2), 1–14. doi: 10.30659/jp.13.2.1-14

Alkozei, A., Smith, R., & Killgore, W. D. S. (2017). Grateful people are happy and healthy—but why? Frontiers for Young Minds, 5(September), 1–9. doi: 10.3389/frym.2017.00055

American Psychological Asssociation (APA). (2012) Stress by Generation. Diakses melalui https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2012/generations (pada 9 Oktober 2018)

Brey, P. A. E. (2012). Well-being in philosophy, psychology, and economics. In P. A. E. Brey, A. R. Briggle, & E. H. Spence (Eds.), The Good Life in a Technological Age. (pp. 15-34). New York/London: Routledge.

Clemente, M., Hezomi, H., Allahverdipour, H., Jafarabadi, M. A., & Safaian, A. (2016). Stress and psychological well-being: An explanatory study of the Iranian female adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behaviour, 4(1), 1–5. doi: 10.4172/2375-4494.1000282

Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan, & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Health: Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology (pp. 31-67). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4), 385-396. doi: 10.2307/2136404

Hartanto. (2016). Validitas dan reliabilitas Warwick-Edinburg mental well being scale. Counsellia: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, (2), 1–16. doi: 10.25273/counsellia.v6i2.1013

Haryanto, H. C., & Kertamuda, F. E. (2016). Syukur sebagai sebuah pemaknaan. Insight: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 18(2), 109. doi: 10.26486/psikologi.v18i2.395

Isik, S., & Erguner-Tekinalp, B. (2017). The effects of gratitude journaling on Turkish first year college students’ college adjustment, life satisfaction and positive affect. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 39(2), 164-175. doi: 10.1007/s10447-017-9289-8

Krejtz, I., Nezlek, J. B., Michnicka, A., Holas, P., & Rusanowska, M. (2016). Counting one’s blessings can reduce the impact of daily stress. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17(1), 25-39. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9578-4

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Lin, C. C., & Yeh, Y. C. (2014). How gratitude influences well-being: a structural equation modeling approach. Social Indicators Research, 118(1), 205–217. doi: 10.1007/s11205-013-0424-6

Listiyandini, R. A., Nathania, A., Syahniar, D., Sonia, L., & Nadya, R. (2015). Mengukur rasa syukur: Pengembangan model awal skala bersyukur versi Indonesia. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat: Indonesian Journal of Indigenous Psyschology, 2(2), 473-496. doi: 10.24854/jpu22015-41

Loseby, P. (2019). Is stress affecting your physical and emotional wellbeing?. Diakses  melalui https://www.sjog.org.au/news-and-media/blog/2019/01/11/08/54/is-stress-affecting-your-physical-and-emotional-wellbeing (pada 28 Juli 20190

McMahon, A. T., Williams, P., & Tapsell, L. (2010). Reviewing the meanings of wellness and well-being and their implications for food choice. Perspectives in Public Health, 130(6), 282–286. doi: 10.1177/1757913910384046

Mental Health Foundations . (2018). Mental health statistics: Stress. Diakses melalui https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/statistics/mental-health-statistics-stress (pada 28 September 2018)

Nezlek, J. B., Krejtz, I., Rusanowska, M., & Holas, P. (2018). Within-person relationships among daily gratitude, well-being, stress, and positive experiences. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(3), 883–898. doi: 10.1007/s10902-018-9979-x

Papalia, D. E., Olds, S. W., Feldmen, R. D. (1998). Human development (Edisi ketujuh). United States: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Prabowo, A. (2017). Gratitude dan psychological wellbeing pada remaja. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, 5(2), 260. doi: 10.22219/jipt.v5i2.4857

Riskesdas. (2018). Riset kesehatan dasar 2018. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials : A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 141–166. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141

Segal, J., Smith, M., Segal, R., & Robinson, L. (2019). Stress symptoms, signs, and causes. Diakses melalui https://www.helpguide.org/articles/stress/stress-symptoms-signs-and-causes.htm

Tennant, R., Hiller, L., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich, S., ... & Stewart-Brown, S. (2007). The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS): Development and UK validation. Health and Quality of life Outcomes, 5(1), 63-75. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-5-63

Ulfa, G. (2018). Hubungan antara stress, harga diri dan dukungan sosial terhadap kesejahteraan psikologis pada lanjut usia (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Widodo, R. I. (2018). Periode masa dewasa muda jadi masa paling stress. Diakses melalui https://www.republika.co.id/berita/gaya-hidup/trend/18/03/16/p5nxu5328-periode-dewasa-muda-jadi-masa-paling-stres (pada 8 Oktober 2018)

Wijaya, E. (2017). Peranan humor terhadap stres dengan subjective well being (SWB) sebagai mediator pada dewasa awal. Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, dan Seni, 1(1), 353-360. doi: 10.24912/jmishumsen.v1i1.377

Witvliet, C. V., Richie, F. J., Luna, L. M., & Tongeren, D. R. (2018). Gratitude predicts hopea nd happiness: A two study assessment and states. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 14(3), 271-282. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2018.1424924

Wood, A. M., Froh, J. J., & Geraghty, A. W. (2010). Gratitude and well-being: A review and theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 890-905. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.03.005

World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). Mental health action plan 2013-2020. Switzerland: World Mental Health.

Zarbova, B., & Karabeliova, S. (2018). Stress and well-being. Paper Conference, (January).


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajop.50121

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.