Regaining a Bright Future: Psychological Dynamics in Female Adolescent Victims of Sexual Harassment

Ajeng Nova Dumpratiwi
(Submitted 22 April 2020)
(Published 27 October 2020)


Rampant sexual harassments affect the victims and need to be followed up. Victims who are majority women are likely to feel aggrieved by pregnancy, receive negative stigma from society, drop out of school, and feel unable to achieve well-being in the future. This phenomenon is the basis for research conducted with the aim of knowing the psychological dynamics and aspects that affect the psychological conditions in female adolescent victims of sexual harassment. The phenomenological approach and interview method were used in this research. Three teenage girls aged 13-18 years became informants in this study. The results showed that the psychological condition of victims of sexual harassment was influenced by who the perpetrator is or the close relationship between the victim and the perpetrator. It was also influenced by support from the social environment, especially family as the closest environment. The psychological dynamics of victims of sexual harassment are influenced by four things: 1) the attitude of the environment; 2) self-understanding ability; 3) motivation to achieve self-actualization; and 4) the attitude of comparing oneself with others who are not in a better condition. From the results of this study, it was concluded that the supporting external or environmental factors and internal process in victims of sexual harassment combined really encourage the process recovery to achieve a better future.


Dinamika psikologis; pelecehan seksual; remaja

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajop.55605


Augestad, L. B. (2017). Self-concept and self-esteem among children and young adults with visual impairment : A systematic review. Cogent Psychology, 4(1), 1–12. doi:

Azizah, S. A. N., & Hastuti, D. (2019). The influence of maternal acceptance-rejection and adolescents self esteem to bullying behavior junior high school students. Journal of Family Science, 4(1), 12–25. doi:

Bernard, M. E. (Ed.) (2013). The strength of self-acceptance: Theory, practice, and research. New York, NY: Springer.

Birgisdóttir, Í. H. (2015). The effect of sexual abuse on self-esteem among adolescent : The impact of gender, parental support and type of perpetrator (Unpublished bachelor's thesis). Department of Psychology, Reykjavík University, Reykjavík.

Bukhari, S. R., & Afzal, F. (2019). Perceived social support predicts psychological problems among university students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 4(2), 18-27.

Carson, D., Gilmore, A., Perry, C. & Gronhaug, K. (2001). Writing qualitative research reports. In Carson, D., Gilmore, A., Perry, C., & Gronhaug, K. Qualitative marketing research (pp. 188-203). London: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among the five approaches (3rd ed.). London: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Cucu-ciuhan, G., & Dumitru, I. E. (2017). Unconditional self-acceptance, functional and dysfunctional negative emotions, and self-esteem as predictors for depression in adolescents : A brief pilot study conducted in Romania. Journal of Experiential Psychotherapy, 20(4), 30-38.

Denich, A. U., & Ifdil. (2016). Konsep kepercayaan diri remaja putri. Jurnal Educatio: Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 2(2), 43–52.

Dinengsih, S., & Agustina, M. (2018). Hubungan antara pola asuh orang tua dan pengetahuan ibu terhadap sibling rivalry pada anak usia 3-5 tahun di TK Aisyiah Bantul Yogyakarta tahun 2017. Jurnal Akademi Keperawatan Husada Karya Jaya, 4(1), 1–8.

Gwirayi, P. (2013). Fighting child sexual abuse: Perspectives of pupils from a developing country. SAGE Open, 3(1), 1-10. doi:

Handayani, M. M., Ratnawati, S., Helmi, A. F., & Mada, U. G. (2015). Efektifitas Pelatihan Pengenalan Diri terhadap peningkatan penerimaan diri dan harga diri. Jurnal Psikologi, 25(2), 47–55.

Hernandez, P. A. (2014). The right reflection: Improving women’s self- acceptance (Unpublished master's thesis). Master of Applied Positive Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Hurlock, E. (2014). Perkembangan anak (6th edition). Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Kakkad, A., Trivedi, M., Trivedi, G., & Raichandani, A. (2014). Study for adolescent problem and psychology. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 3(37), 9564–9574. doi:

Lerner, R. M., & Steinberg, L. (2014). Handbook of adolescent psychology (2nd edition). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Magnano, P., Paolillo, A., & Giacominelli, B. (2015). Dispositional optimism as a correlate of decision-making styles in adolescence. SAGE Open, 5(2), 1–12. doi:

Palacios, E. G., Echaniz, I. E., Fernández, A. R., Camino, I., & Barrón, O. De. (2015). Personal self-concept and satisfaction with life in adolescence, youth and adulthood. Psicothema, 27(1), 52–58. doi:

Patioran, D. N. (2013) Hubungan antara kepercayaan diri dan aktualisasi diri pada karyawan PT. Duta Media Kaltim Press (Samarinda Pos). Motivasi, 1(1), 10-18.

Popov, S. (2016). Unconditional self-acceptance and in ego-provoking experimental context. Suvremena Psihologija, 19(1), 71–80. doi:

Pratika, E., & Puspitadewi, N. W. S. (2014). Aktualisasi diri dan persepsi terhadap pelaksanaan pelatihan pada karyawan. Jurnal Psikologi Teori Dan Terapan, 5(1), 7-14. doi:

Putra, J. S. (2018). Peran syukur sebagai moderator pengaruh perbandingan sosial terhadap self-esteem pada remaja pengguna media sosial. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 3(2), 197-210. doi:

Robinson, K., Mills, K. T., & Strickland, A. L. (2009). Female childhood sexual abuse survivors : An existential exploration and implications for therapists. Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 37(1), 11–23.

Ruswahyuningsih, M. C., & Afiatin, T. (2015). Resiliensi pada remaja Jawa. Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP), 1(2), 96–105.

Septiani, N. H. (2018). Hubungan antara tingkat aktualisasi diri dengan kebermaknaan hidup pada pria homoseksual. Psympathic: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 4(1), 263–277. doi:

Srivastava, R., & Joshi, S. (2014). Relationship between self-concept and self-esteem in adolescents. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2, 36-43.

Sterle, M. F., Vervoort, T., & Verhofstadt, L. L. (2018). Social support, adjustment, and psychological distress of help-seeking expatriates. Psychologica Belgica, 58(1), 297–317. doi:

Syauta, B. A., & Yuniasanti, R. (2015). Hubungan antara kebutuhan aktualisasi diri dengan motivasi kerja pada wanita karier di PT Kusuma Sandang Mekarjaya. Insight: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 17(1), 49–55.

Szentagotai, A., & David, D. (2013). Self-Acceptance and happiness. In M. Bernard (Ed.), The Strength of Self-Acceptance (pp. 121-137). New York, NY: Springer.

Taormina, R. J., & Gao, J. H. (2013). Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs. American Journal of Psychology, 126(2), 155–177. doi:

Walęcka-Matyja, K. (2014). Adolescent personalities and their self-acceptance within complete families, incomplete families and reconstructed families.. Polish Journal of Applied Psychology, 12(1), 59–74.

Worthington, M. (2013). Differences between phenomenological research and a basic qualitative research design. Retrieved from


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.