Modul “Gen Positif” untuk Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Regulasi Emosi Takut Gagal Siswa Remaja Awal

Astiti Tenriawaru Ahmad, Asmadi Alsa
(Submitted 17 January 2019)
(Published 17 January 2019)


Early adolescents need adaptation in various aspects including in the process of achievement of academic achievement. The difficulties encountered in achieving goals in the academic field caused early adolescents to develop a fear of failure. Individuals will try to avoid failure by determining their goals far below its potential, feel anxious, and not motivated in learning. This emotion can be a serious problem if it is not regulated in an adaptive way. Therefore early adolescents need knowledge of how to regulate the emotions of fear of failure. This study aims to validate the module "Gen Positif" (Generasi terampil mengolah emosi dan Aktif berprestasi) and find out how far the increase in knowledge and ability of emotional regulation of fear of failure in early adolescents. The study design used untreated control group designs with dependent pretest and posttest samples. Research participants as many as 12 early adolescents. The analysis of the study was conducted by comparing the scores of emotional regulation knowledge before and after manipulation was given. The results show that the module "Gen Positif" is valid content and empirical.


early adolescents; emotional regulation training; emotion fear of failure

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.42779


Azwar, S. (2012). Metode penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Azwar, S. (2016). Konstruksi tes kemampuan kognitif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A Social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice–Hall.

Belanger, J. J., Lafreniere, M. A. K., Vallerand, R. J., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2013). Driven by fear: The effect of success and failure information on passionate individuals’ performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 104(1), 180–195.

Birney, R. C., Burdick, H., & Teevan, R. D. (1969). Fear of failure. New York: Van Nostrad.

Conroy, D. E., Poczwardowski, A., & Henschen, K. P. (2001). Evaluative criteria and consequences associated with failure and success for elite athletes and performing artists. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13, 300–322.

Conroy, D. E., Willow, J. P., & Metzler, J. N. (2002). Multidimensional fear of failure measurement: The performance failure appraisal inventory. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14, 76-90.

Conroy, D. E. (2003). Representational Models Associated With Fear of Failure in Adolescents and Young Adults. Journal of Personality, 71(50), 757-784. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.710 5003.

Conroy, D. E., Kaye, M. P., & Fifer, A. M. (2007). Cognitive links between fear of failure and perfectionism. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 25(4).

Diener, C. I., & Dweck, C. S. (1978). An analysis of learned helplessness: Continuous changes in performance, strategy, and achievement cognitions following failure. Journal of Personality And Social Psychology, 36, 451–462. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.36.5.451.

Eccles, J. S., Wigfield,A., & Schiefele, U. (1998). Motivation to succeed. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional, and personality development (5th ed., pp. 1017-1095). New York: Wiley.

Elliot, A. J., & McGregor, H. (2001). A 2 3 2 achievement goal framework. Journal of Personality And Social Psychology, 80, 501–519.

Elliot, A. J., & Thrash, T. M. (2004). The intergenerational transmission of fear of failure. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 957–971.

Engels, R. C. M. E., English, T., Evers, C., Geenen, R., Gross, J. J., Ha, T., Larsen, J. K., Middendorp, H. V., Vermulst, Ad.A. (2012). Emotion regulation in adolescence: A prospective study of expressive supression and deppressive symptoms. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 33(2), 184-200

McEwen C, Flouri E. (2009). Fathers' parenting, adverse life events, and adolescents' emotional and eating disorder symptoms: the role of emotion regulation. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 18(4), 206–216. doi: 10.1007/s00787-008-0719-3.

Fried-Buchalter, S. (1997). Fear of succes, fear of failure, and the imposter phenomenon among male dan female marketing manager. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research. Desember,1997

Gallo, I. S., McCulloch, K. C., Keil, A., Rockstroh, B., Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Strategic automation of emotion regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/a0013460.

Gullone, E. (2000). The development of normal fear: A century of research. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 429 - 451. doi: 10.1016/S0272-7358(99) 00034-3.

Gullotta, T. P., Adams, G. R. (2005). Handbook of adolescent behavioral problems evidence-based approaches to prevention and treatment. New York: Springer Science Business Media, Inc.

Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. In J .J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 3–24). New York: Guilford.

Gyurak, A., Gross, J. J., & Etkin, A. (2011). Explicit and implicit emotion regulation: A dual-process framework. Journal cognition and emotion. 25(3), 400-412. doi: 10.1080 /02699931.2010.544160.

Herts, K. L., McLaughlin. K. A., & Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2012). Emotion dysregulation as a mechanism linking stress exposure to adolescent aggressive behavior. Journal Abnorm Child Psychology, 40, 1111–1122. doi 10.1007/s10802-012-9629-4.

Hughes, E. K., Gullone, E., Dudley, A., Tonge, B. (2010). A case-control study of emotion regulation and school refusal in children and adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence. 30(5) 691–706. doi: 10.1177/0272431609341049.

Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press. Li, H. & Zhang, Y. (2008). Factors predicting rural chinese adolescents’ anxieties. school psychology international. School Psychology International. 29(3), 376–384. doi: 10.1177 0143034308093676.

Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. Diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. New York: NY: Guilford Press. Manz, C. C. (2007). Emotional disiplines: Langkah menata emosi untuk merasa lebih baik setiap hari. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Michalcakova, R., Lacinova, L., Kyonkova, H., Bousa, O., & Jelinek, M., (2013). Fears in Czech adolescents: A longitudinal study. Journal of Early Adolescence, 33(8), 1072–1090.

Monks, F. J., Knoers, A. M., & Haditono, S. R. (2001). Psikologi perkembangan: Pengantar dalam berbagai bagiannya. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., & Steinberg, L. (2003). Adolescents’ regulation in daily life: Links to depressive symptom and problem behavior. Child Development, 74(6), 1869-1880.

Owen, P. (1998). Fears of hispanic and anglo children: Real-world fears in the 1990s. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 20, 483-491. doi: 10.1177/07399863980204005.

Rathus, J. H. & Miller, A. L. (2015). DBT skill manual for adolescents. New York: Guilford.

Rice, V. J., Vu, T., Butler, J., Marra, D., Merullo, D., & Banderet, L. (2009). Fear of failure: Implications for military health care specialist. student training. Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 34, 465–474.

Rusk, N., Tamir, M., dan Tothbaum, F. (2011). Performance and learning goals for emotion regulation. Motiv Emot, 35, 444–460. doi: 10.1007/ s11031-011-9229-6.

Russel, J. D., & Johanningsmeier, K. A. (1981). Improving competence through modular instruction. USA: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Company.

Saarni, C. (1997). Coping with aversive feelings. Motivation and Emotion, 21, 45-63. doi: 10.1007/s11031-011-9229-6.

Sagar, S. S., Lavallee, D., & Spray, C. M. (2007). Why young elite athletes fear failure: Consequences of failure. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 1171-1184.

Sagar, S. S., Lavallee, D., & Spray, C. M. (2009). Coping with the effects of fear of failure: a preliminary investigation of young elite athletes. Journal of Clinical Sposrts Psychology, 3, 73-98.

Santrock, J. W. (2002). Life-span development: Perkembangan masa hidup (edisi kelima). (Penerj. Achmad Chusairi, Juda Damanik; Ed. Herman Sinaga, Yati Sumiharti). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Quasi experimentation design and analysis issue for field settings. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode penelitian pendidikan (pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R&D). Bandung: Alfabeta.

Thompson, R. A. (1994). Emotion regulation: A theme in search o f definition. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), Monographs of the society for research in child development, 59, (2-3, serial No. 240, pp. 25-52). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Tirta, I. (2013, Mei). Takut tak lulus ujian nasional, Fanny gantung diri. Tempo. Retrivied from read/news/2013/05/18/064481412/takut-tak-lulus-ujian-nasional-fanny-gantung-diri

Tugade, M. M., & Fredrickson. (2007). Regulation of postive emotion: Emotion regulation strategies that promote resiliensce. Journal of Happiness Studies, 8, 311—333. doi: 10. 1007/s10902-006-9015-4.

Tyson, D. F., Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., & Hill, N. E. (2009). Regulating debilitating emotions in the context of performance: Achievement goal orientation, achieve-ment-elicited emotion, and socialization context. Human Development, 52, 329-356.

Henderson, V. L., & Dweck, C. S. (1990). Motivation and achievement. In S. S. Feldman & G. R. Elliott (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 308-329). Cambridge, MA, US: Harvard University Press.

Wante, L., Mezuli, A., Van Baveren, M-L., & Braet, C. (2016). The mediating effect of adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies on executive functioning impairment and depressive symptoms among adolescents. Journal Child Neuropsychology, 23(8), 935-953. doi: 10.1080/09297049.2016.1212986

Wiramihardja, S. A. (2005). Pengantar psikologi abnormal. Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.