Program Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction untuk Menurunkan Kecemasan pada Individu dengan Penyakit Jantung Koroner

Munazilah Munazilah, Nida Ul Hasanat
(Submitted 24 April 2019)
(Published 1 June 2018)


This study was conducted in individuals with chronic diseases, namely coronary heart disease (CHD). Individuals with CHD experience changes in various aspects of life that create stress in the form of anxiety. The MBSR program can improve the parasympathetic nervous system, reduce the production of adrenaline and epinephrine so that symptoms of stress and anxiety can decrease. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program on reducing anxiety in individuals with CHD. The research method used a quasi-experiment with the design of the one group pretest-posttest design. Data analysis with Sign-Rank Wilcoxon Test non-parametric test. The results showed that there was a significant decrease in anxiety in CHD individuals with a value of Z = -2.023 and p = 0.043 (p <0.05). Based on these results, the MBSR program has been proven to reduce individual anxiety with CHD.


anxiety; coronary heart disease (CHD); MBSR program


Azwar, S. (2018). Metode penelitian psikologi. edisi II. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Astuti, N. B. (2017). Program intervensi berbasis mindfulness untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan psikologis caregiver pasien kanker anak. Tesis (tidak dipublikasikan). Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada. Baer, R. A.,

Smith, G. T. & Allen, K. B. (2004). Assessment of mindfulness by self-report-the kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills. Psychological Assessment, 11(3), 191-206, doi: 10.1177/10731911042680 29

Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822

Chambers, R., Lo, C. Y. & Allen, N. (2008). The impact of intensive mindfulness training on attentional control, cognitive style, and affect. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 32. 303-322. doi: 10.1007/s10608-007-9119-0

Clarke, D. M., & Currie, K. C. (2009). Depression, anxiety and their relationship with chronic disease: A review of the epidemiology, risk and treatment evidence. MJA, 190(7), 55-60.

Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 386-396.

Cozzolino, W. (2006). The nuts and bolts of meditation. California: Raissa Publisher.

Feros, D. L., Lane, L., Ciarrochi, J., & Blackledge, J. T. (2013). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for improving the lives of cancer patients: a preliminary study. Psycho-Oncology, 22, 459–464. doi: 10.1002/pon.2083

Fritz, C. O., Morris, P. E., & Richler, J. J. (2012). Effect size estimates: Current use, calculations, and interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 2-18. doi: 10.1037/a0024338

Goldin, P. R. & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion Jurnal, 10(1), 83-91, doi: 1037/a0018441

Gotink, R. A., Chu, P, Busschbach, J. J. V., Benson, H., Fricchione, G. L., Hunink, M. G. M. (2015). Standardised mindfulness-based interventions in healthcare: an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of RCTs. PLoS ONE. 10(4), 1-17. doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0124344

Grabovac, A. D., Lau, M. A., & Willet, B. R. (2011). Mechanism of mindfulness: A Budhhist psychological model. Mindfulness 2(3), 154-166. doi: 10.1007/s12671-011-0054-5

Hofmann, S. G., Sawyer, A. T., Witt, A. A., and Oh, D. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal Consultation Clinical Psychology, 78(2), 169–183. doi: 10.1037/a0018555

Jauhari, G. P. (2016). Program mindfulness untuk menurunkan depresi pada orang dengan HIV/AIDS. Tesis (tidak dipublikasikan). Yogyakarta.: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Kabat-Zinn, J. (2016). Mindfulness based stress reduction for medical students: optimising student satisfaction and engagement. BMC Medical Education, 16(1), 1-11. doi: 10.1186/s12909-016-0728-8

Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144-156. doi: 10.1093/clipsy.bpg016

Kring, A. M., Johnson, S. L., Davison, G., & Neale, J. (2013). Abnormal psychology (12th ed). Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Maramis, W. F. (2009). Catatan ilmu kedokteran jiwa (edisi 2). Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Nevid, J. S., Rathus, S. A., & Green, B. (2005). Psikologi abnormal (edisi 5/jilid 1). Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga. Ogden, J. (2012). Health psychology (6th edition). New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Pigeon, W., Allen, C., Possemato, K., Cico, D. B., & Treatman, S. (2014). Feasibility and acceptability of brief mindfulness program for veterans in primary case with posttraumatic stress disorder. Mindfulness, 5(5), 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s12671-014-0340-0

Prawitasari, J. E. (2011). Psikologi klinis: Pengantar terapan mikro dan makro. Jakarta: Penerbit Hikmah.

Reber, A. S. & Reber, E. S. (2010). Kamus psikologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sasmitawati, T. A. (2008). Terapi kognitif keperilakuan untuk mengurangi kecemasan pada penderita asma. Tesis (tidak dipublikasikan). Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Shapiro, S. L. & Carlson, L. E. (2009). The art and science of mindfulness integrating mindfulness into psychology and the helping profession. Washington: American Psychological Association.

Ski, C. F., Jlinek, M., Jackson, A. C., Murphy, B. M. & Tompson, D. R. (2016). Psychosocial interventions for patients with coronary heart disease and depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 15(5), 305–316, doi: 10.1177/1474515115613204

Steptoe, A., Kivimaki, M. (2012). Stress and cardiovascular disease. Nature review cardiology, 9, 360-370. doi: 10.1038/nrcardio.2012.45

Wuryansari, R. (2017). Program mindfulness for prisoners (Mindfulners) untuk menurunkan depresi pada narapidana. Tesis (tidak dipublikasikan). Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Yalom, I. D. & Leszcz, M. (2005). The theory and practice of group psychotherapy (5th ed). New York: Basic Book.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.45346


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.