Efektivitas Terapi Kognitif Perilakuan untuk Meningkatkan Efikasi Diri Abstinen NAPZA

Erga Patragave Ratih, Muhana Sofiati Utami
(Submitted 28 May 2019)
(Published 29 May 2019)

Abstract


The research aimed to determine the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy to increase self-efficacy towards multiple drug addicts. The One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design was used in the research. The participants were 6 people who were the resident of Drug Rehabilitation Center “K” located in Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta. Pretest and posttest measure by Drug Avoidance Self-Efficacy Scale. Data were analyzed by non-parametric statistics, used Wilcoxon analysis. The results showed a significance of 0.0135. According to the results, there was an indication that Cognitive-Behavior Therapy’s module was able to increase self-efficacy among drug addicts.

 


Keywords


cognitive-behavior therapy; multiple drugs; self efficacy

References


Amalia, N. (2016). Efektivitas program rehabilitasi bagi korban penyalahgunaan NAPZA melalui pendekatan therapeutic community oleh lembaga kunci nandan. Skripsi (tidak dipublikasikan). Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Andrisias, S. W. (2013). Stigma negatif menjadi faktor utara mantan pecandu relapse. Retrieved from http://www.kabarindonesia.com/berita print.php?id=20130626155856

Anggiawan, F. (2015). 2015, BNN canangkan gerakan rehabilitasi 100 ribu pecandu. Retrieved from https://news.okezone.com/read/2015/03/19/337/1121 115/2015-bnn-canangkan-gerakan-rehabilitasi-100-ribu-pecandu

Armandani, K. (2014). Begini terapi bagi pecandu narkoba. Retrieved from https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20140829122141-12-2038/begini-terapi-bagi-pecandu-narkoba/

Azrin, N & Petersson, A. (1988). Habit reversal for the treatment of Tourette syndrome. Behavior Research and Therapy, 26(4), 347-351.

Azrin, N & Nunn, R. (1976). Eliminating nail bitting by the habit reversal procedure. Behavior Research and Therapy, 14, 65-67. Badan Narkotika Nasional. (2013a). Penanganan korban penyalahguna narkoba oleh BNN. Retrieved from http://www.bnn.go.id/read/artikel/10369/penanganan-korban-penyalahguna-narkoba-oleh-bnn

Badan Narkotika Nasional. (2013b). Keluarga miliki peran vital dukung penyalahguna narkoba. Retrieved from http://www.bnn.go.id/read/berita/11430/blog-single.html

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.

Bardideh, K., Bardideh, F & Kakabaraee, K. (2017). Study of the efficacy of cognitive behavioral group treatment on anger rumination and resilience of cardiovascular patients. Global Journal of Health Science, 9(4), 163-173. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v9n4p163

DiClemente, C., Prochaska, O. J & Gilbertini, M. (1985). Self-efficacy and the stages of self-change of smoking. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 9(2), 181-200.

Desideria, B. (2014). Tiga jenis narkoba ini paling banyak digunakan. Retrieved from http://health.liputan6.com/read/ 2263693/tiga-jenis-narkoba-ini-paling-banyak-digunakan

DiClemente, C. (1986). Self efficacy and addictive behavior. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 4(3), 302-315. doi: 10.1521/jscp.1986.4.3.302

Efditianur, D. (2018). Peran koping terhadap lamanya masa abstinence penyalahguna narkotika dengan mediator efikasi diri dan perceived social support. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada. Fardianto, F. (2014). Pengguna narkoba di indonesia pada 2015 capai 5,8 juta jiwa. Retrieved from https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/pengguna-narkoba-di-indonesia-pada-2015-capai-58-juta-jiwa.html

Habil, H. (2001). Managing heroin addicts through medical therapy. Kuala Lumpur: University Malaya Press. Hermawan, B. (2015). BNN: hukuman mati bagi bandar narkoba sesuai undang-undang. Retrieved from https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/15/01/19/nie1uh-bnn-hukuman-mati-bagi-bandar-narkoba-sesuai-undangundang

Ibrahim, F & Kumar, N. (2009). Factors effecting drug relapse in Malaysia: An empirical evidence. Asian Social Scienes Journal, 5(12), 37-44. doi: 10.5539/ass.v5n12p37

Ibrahim, F., Samah, B.A., Talib, M.A & Sabran, M.S. (2009). Faktor menyumbang kepada penagihan relaps dalam kalangan penagih dadah PUSPEN di Semenanjung Malaysia. Jurnal Antidadah Malaysia, 5, 235-251.

Kumar, S. K & Srinath, U. (2009). Psychosocial rehabilitation: A descriptive case study of a therapeutic community. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 13(2), 39–48.

Larimer, E. M., Palmer, S. R & Marlatt, G. A. (1999). Relapse prevention, an overview of marlatt’s cognitive-behavioral model. Alcohol Research & Health, 23(2), 151-160.

Lian, C. T & Chu, Y. F. (2013). A qualitative study on drug abuse relapse in Malaysia: Contributory factors and treatment. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health, 5(4), 217-232.

Maarevand, M., Eghlima, M., Rafiey, H., Rahgozar, M., Deilamizadeh, A., Ekhtiari, H & Tadayyon, N. (2015). Community-based relapse prevention for opiate dependents: A randomized community controlled trial. Community Mental Health Journal, 51, 21–29. doi: 10.1007/s10597-014-9772-1

Marlatt, G.A. & Gordon, J. R. (1985). Relapse prevention: Maintenance strategies in the treatment of addictive behaviors. New York: Guilford Press.

Martin, W. G., Wilkinson, D. A & Poulos, X. C. (1995). The drug avoidance self-efficacy scale. Journal of Substance Abuse, 7(2), 151- 163.

Mendoza, Z. (2008). Efektivitas terapi kognitif perilaku terhadap pasien yang mendapatkan pengobatan anti ansietas. Tesis Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Mendoza, Z., Rahmasari, R., Retnowati, S., Risnawati & Sasmitawati, T. A. (2008). Terapi kognitif perilaku. Modul Terapi Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada

Merchant, C. R. (2002). Substance abuse, personality disorders, and comorbid disorders among parolees and probationers. Dissertation. Howard: Howard University.

Nash, V., Ponto, J., Townsend, C., Nelson, P & Bretz, M. (2013). Cognitive behavioral therapy, self-efficacy, and depression in persons with chronic pain. Pain Management Nursing, 14(4), 236-243. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.02.006

Prianto, P. H. (2007). Penerapan pendekatan therapeutic community terhadap korban penyalahgunaan napza di PSPP "Sehat Mandiri" Yogyakarta. Tesis (tidak dipublikasikan). Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Saedi, S., Hatami, M., Parviz, A., Ahadi, H & Poursharifi, H. (2016). The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on alexithymia and pain self-efficacy of patients with chronic pain. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 50(11), 277-284.

Santosa. (2016). BNN : 50 orang meninggal per hari karena narkoba. Retrieved from http://www.antaranews.com/berita/548440/bnn--50-orang-meninggal-per-hari-karena-narkoba

Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi - experimental designs for generalized causal inference. NewYork: Houghton Mifflin Sihaloho, J. M. (2017). Indonesia sudah darurat narkoba, ini faktanya. Retrieved from http://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/422437-indonesia-sudah-darurat-narkoba-ini-faktanya.html

Silaban, W. M. (2014). 200 juta orang meninggal akibat narkoba per tahun. Retrieved from https://nasional.tempo.co/read/588287/200-juta-orang-meninggal-akibat-narkoba-per-tahun#LgyxdrwkV22i

United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime (2016). Responses to annual report questionnaire. Retrieved from http://www.unodc.org/wdr2016/


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.46327

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.