Intervensi Kebersyukuran dan Kesejahteraan Penyandang Disabilitas Fisik

Wahyu Dewanto, Sofia Retnowati

Abstract


This study was aimed to examine the effect of gratitude intervention towards people with physical disabilities well-being. The participants were two groups of people with physical disabilities (8 people for experimental group and 5 people for control group). The design of this study was untreated control group design with dependent pre-test and post-test samples. The similar treatment was also given for control group as a waiting list after intervention for experimental group. Well being was assessed using SPANE, PWS, and PTS. The result showed that there are significant differences in wellbeing score between experimental group and control group which are measured by SPANE U test -2,509, p=0,012. PWS U test -2,874, p=0,04. PTS U test -2,590, p=0,010.
Keywords: gratitude, gratitude intervention, physical disabilities, well-being

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat pengaruh intervensi kebersyukuran terhadap kesejahteraan penyandang disabilitas fisik. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari dua kelompok penyandang disabilitas fisik yaitu kelompok eksperimen berjumlah delapan orang dan kelompok kontrol berjumlah lima orang. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimen dengan pengukuran sebelum dan setelah perlakukan pada subjek. Kelompok kontrol sebagai daftar tunggu. Kesejahteraan diukur menggunakan skala pengalaman positif negatif (SPANE), kesejahteraan psikologis (PWS), dan pikiran positif (PTS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan kesejahteraan penyandang disabilitas fisik antara kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol. SPANE nilai Z sebesar -2,509, p=0,012. PWS nilai Z sebesar -2,874, p=0,04. PTS nilai Z sebesar -2,590, p=0,010.
Kata kunci: syukur, intervensi kebersyukuran, penyandang disabilitas, kesejahteraan


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DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.7359

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