Indonesia's Interest in The South-South Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) Policy to Fiji during Joko Widodo’s 2014-2019 Government

Ica Cahayani(1*)

(1) Gadjah Mada University
(*) Corresponding Author


This study was conducted to explain Indonesia's interests in the South-South Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) policy towards Fiji in the Joko Widodo administration in 2014-2019. This study uses the theory of national interest and foreign policy. The research method used is descriptive qualitative. The research method is used to explain and explore Indonesia's interests through the SSTC's policy towards Fiji with three interests, namely economic, political and security interests. The results showed that Indonesia chose Fiji as a country to implement the SSTC policy because Fiji is one of the south Pacific countries, especially Melanesian countries and Indonesia still failed to carry out diplomacy with Vanuatu. Fiji is a country that has an important role in the internal organization of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG), Fiji's involvement is very large in making MSG policies, because Indonesia's goal of being included in the MSG requires a major country that has an important role in the MSG, Besides Indonesia having economic interests, Fiji provides opportunities big for economic development and new market share for Indonesia in the south Pacific region, considering that this region is very strategic, this region has become the location of a trade war between China and the United States. Indonesia's strategy to gain economic, political and security interests by providing through the implementation of the SSTC policy is a form of great concern for Fiji.


Indonesia; Fiji; South-South Triangular Cooperation; Melanesia; Melanesian Spearhead Group

Full Text:





Bakry, U.S. (2016). Metode Penelitian Hubungan Internasional, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bandoro, B. (2014). Indonesia Dalam Lingkungan Strategis yang Berubah. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Bhakti, I.N. (2006). Merajut Jaring-Jaring Kerja Sama Keamanan Indonesia-Australia: Suatu Upaya Menstabilkan Hubungan Bilateral Kedua Negara, Jakarta: LIPI

Boston, R.P. (2014). Modern Diplomacy (4th ed.). Routledge: New York, USA.

Holsti, K.J. (1981). International Politics: Framework for Analysis. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India.

Roy, S.L. (1995). Diplomasi. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Warsito, T. (1998). Teori-Teori Politik Luar Negeri, Relevansi dan Keterbatasannya. Yogyakarta: Bigraf Publishing.


Aid Investment Plan Fiji: 2015-16 to 2018-19.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. (2016) Pelatihan Internasional Di Fiji: Seaweed And Fish Product Development for MSG/PIDF Countries di Suva Fiji. Bulletin Kemlu. Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia.

United States-Indonesia Partnership for South-South and Triangular Cooperation Component 1 (USIP-1) (2017). Program design matrix strengthening gender mainstreaming in Fiji.


Maula, Z, (2018). Analisis Kepentingan Indonesia Dalam Penandatanganan Kerjasama Pertahana Dengan Fiji Tahun 2017. UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta,

Journal Article (retrieved online, with DOI)

Chauvel, R, (2021). West Papua: Indonesia’s Last Regional Conflict. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 32 (6), 913-944,

Lawson, S, (2015). West Papua, Indonesia and the Melanesia Spearhead Group: Competing Logics in Regional and Internasional Politics. Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol 70(5), 506-524,

Wardhani, B.L.S.W (2009). Quo Vadis Melanesia Spearhead Group. “Global & Strategies, 9(2, 190-206,

Wanngge, H.R & S.Lawson (2021). The West Papua Issue in Pacific Regional Politics: Explaining Indonesia’s Foreign Policy Failure. The Pacific Review,

Winanti, P.S. & R.A. Alvian, (2019). Indonesia’s South-South Cooperation: When Normative and Material Interest Converged. International Relations of the Asia Pacific, http://DOI:10.1093/irap/lcz021

Zahidi, M.S & Musfiroh (2018). The Melanesian Spearhead Group in terms of Indonesia’s interest. Prseglad Politologiczny, https://DOI:10.14746/pp.2018.23.2.11

Journal Article (retrieved online, without DOI or page numbers)

Cramer, R.A & Carleton, (2015). Regionalism, Security & Cooperation in Oceania; Indonesian Diplomatic Maneuvering in Melanesia: Challenges and Opportunities. Asia-Pacific. Center for Security Studies

Matthew, D & J. Pryke, (2017). Foreign Aid to the Pacific and Development in the Twenty First Century. Asia and the Pacific Studies Australia University, (4) .

Hauger, J.S., (2015). Climate Change Challenges to Security in The Pacific Island Region and Opportunity for Cooperation to Manage the Threat, in Regionalism, Security, and Cooperation in Oceania, “Asia Pacific Center For Security Studies Honolulu United State.

Isnaeni, N & B. Wardoyo, (2007). Isu Lingkungan Hidup Global: Tantangan Kebijakan Luar Negeri Dan Negosiasi Multilateral, “Global 9(2).

Maclellan, N (2015a). Pacific Diplomacy and Decolonisation in the 21st Century: Regional Diplomacy and West Papua. The New Pacific Diplomacy.

Maclellan, N, (2015b). Competing Pressures Over West Papua’, Islands Business.

Nuechterlein, D.E. (1976). National Interest and foreign policy: A conceptual framework for analysis and decision-making. Journal Studies, 2(3), pp.246-266

Pamasiwi, R.M & N.R. Arsyani, (2019). Beyond Indonesia’s Sustainable Movement in South Pacific Area: Study Case on Pilot Projects for Timor Leste and Fiji. Institute for Economic and Social Research Faculty of Economics and Business Universitas Indonesia LPEM-FEB-UI Working Paper.

Saripudin, H. (2013). Kebijakan Luar Negeri Indonesia di Kawasan Pasifik Selatan: Menimbang Etnis Melanesia Dalam Diplomasi Indonesia. Pusat Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Kebijakan Kawasan Asia Pasifik dan Afrika Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Kebijakan Kementerian Luar Negeri Indonesia Jakarta: P3K2 Aspasaf.

Somare, S.M. (2015). Melanesian Spearhead Group: The last 25 years. The New Pacific Diplomacy.

Viartasawi, N. (2018). The Politics of History In West Papua-Indonesia Conflict. Asian Journal of Political Science.

Audiovisual Media

Kompas TV. (2021). The 2nd Pacific Exposisition: Menghadirkan Indonesia di Pasifik-NGOPI, Retrieved from:

MofA Indonesia. (2020). Pacific Elevation: Diplomasi Indonesia di Pasifik Webinar Series Episode 4. Retrieved from:

Electronic source

Andri, Y. (2019). Indonesia jajaki peluang kerjasama PTA dengan Fiji. Retrieved from:

Dante, V. (2019). Indonesia dan Fiji tingkatkan kerja sama perdagangan melalui PTA. Retrieved from:

Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Mansuia Republik Indonesia, (2016). Kunjungan Duta Besar Fiji untuk Indonesia di Kemenkum HAM,

Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia (2019). Fiji Ajak Kerjasama Indonesia Kembangkan Turisme dan Sektor Energi,

Kementrian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia, KBRI Suva-Fiji, Jakarta (2015).

RNZ. (2021). Fiji, Indonesia discuss peacekeeping co-operation. Retrieved from:

Sabir, A & E. Fitriani. (2018). Indonesian public diplomacy towards Vanuatu in order to resolve separatist movement of Papua. Retrieved from:

The Fijian Govenment, (2014). Fiji and Indonesia to build ties on youth and sports development,

The Fijian Goverment, (2017) Fiji signs mou in defence cooperation with Indonesia,

The Fijian Goverment, (2021). Fiji and Indonesia Renew Commitment for Greater Development Cooperation,


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 915 | views : 991


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.