Coastal Vulnerability Assessment to Tidal (ROB) Flooding In Indramayu Coast, West Java, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.65549

Sepanie Putiamini(1*), Mufti Petala Patria(2), Tri Edhi Budhi Soesilo(3), Asep Karsidi(4)

(1) School of Environmental Sciences, University Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Indonesia, UI Collage Depok, West Java 16424, Indonesia
(3) School of Environmental Sciences, University Indonesia
(4) Agency for The Assessment and Application of Technology, Center for Regional Resources Development Technology (PTPSW), Geosctech 820 Building, PUSPIPTEK Serpong, South Tangerang15343, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Aquaculture practices in developing countries, particularly Indonesia, are currently operating without effective control measures, leading to high tidal and other climate-related issues. Therefore, this study aimed to modify Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) assessment to evaluate the physical vulnerability of coastal areas in Indramayu Regency, West Java (62 sections) to tidal flooding (Rob). A total of 6 primary characteristics, including geomorphology, beach slope, water level rise sea, coastline alterations, tidal range, and high tide, as well as 2 additional parameters, namely land cover and mangrove breadth, were used for analysis. Based on the evaluation, CVI was divided into four groups, including (1) low, (2) moderate, (3) high, and (4) very high. The results showed that Indramayu District struggled to recover from tidal flooding, with 24.56%, 22.13%, 41.03%, and 12.28% being placed in the very high, high, moderate, and low categories. This underscored the role of local governments in improving coastal communities' capacity to respond to tidal flooding disasters. Furthermore, the results were expected to be used by local governments to enhance disaster mitigation systems, particularly for coastal areas in developing nations with comparable ecological conditions.

Keywords


Coastal vulnerability; Coastal vulnerability index; Resilience; Tidal Flooding; Mangrove

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijg.65549

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