Implementation of the SMart-Punakawan COVID-19: Empowering communities and families against COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.71397

Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari(1*), Bulan Kakanita Hermasari(2), Sri Anggarini Parwatiningsih(3), Sri Mulyani(4), Hartono Hartono(5), Lely Tri Pangesti(6)

(1) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The end of the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic cannot be predicted. In June 2021 and again in February 2022, there have been very significant increases in new cases. The government has tried to control transmission by launching the 5M propaganda, which consists of wearing masks, keeping the distance from each other, washing hands with soap, avoiding crowds, and reducing mobility. However, there are still problems existing related to community compliance in preventing the transmission of COVID-19, for example, low participation in the use of masks and avoiding crowds. The aim of this project is to develop and implement health education media related to 5M and COVID-19 vaccinations. This project started with the development of the education media considering the local cultural wisdom, in order for it to be easily accepted by the community. The term SMart-Punakawan COVID-19 (Sebelas Maret-Pendampingan UNtuk mAsyarakat dan KeluargA melaWAN COVID-19) was chosen to name this media. Punakawan is a puppet character, the "servant" of the knights but who has an important role as an advisor, so it is very suitable to represent health workers. There are several media used to convey the SMart-Punakawan including videos, banners, brochures and these were implemented to the community either face-to-face or online (YouTube, and WhatsApp group) in order to reach the wider community. The effectivity of this project was measured quantitatively using instruments to measure knowledge about 5M and COVID-19 vaccinations before and after implementation. We used the Wilcoxon test because the data were not normally distributed. According to the results, there were significant differences in respondents’ knowledge before and after implementation (p<0.001). The SMart-Punakawan is effective in improving people’s knowledge related to 5M and COVID-19 vaccinations. However, further exploration is still needed to know the full impact of the SMart-Punakawan in changing people’s behavior.


Keywords


SMart-Punakawan, COVID-19 health education, Health education media

Full Text:

PDF PDF


References

  1. World Health Organization. Infection Prevention and Control guidance for Long-Term Care Facilities in the context of COVID-19. 2020 p. 1–5.
  2. Shaw R, Kim Y, Hua J. Governance , technology and citizen behavior in pandemic : Lessons from COVID-19 in East Asia. Progress in Disaster Science [Internet]. 2020;6:100090. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100090
  3. Nicola M, Alsafi Z, Sohrabi C, Kerwan A, Al-jabir A, Iosifidis C, et al. The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic ( COVID-19 ): A review. International Journal of Surgery [Internet]. 2020;78(March):185–93. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.04.018
  4. Satuan Tugas Penanganan COVID-19. Kepatuhan Masyarakat Terhadap Protokol Kesehatan Harus Ditingkatkan - Berita Terkini | Covid19.go.id [Internet]. [cited 2021 Nov 17]. Available from: https://covid19.go.id/p/berita/kepatuhan-masyarakat-terhadap-protokol-kesehatan-harus-ditingkatkan
  5. Chiu C, Hu J, Lo Y, Chang E. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Interventions for the Elderly: A Scoping Review from 2015–2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17: 5335
  6. De Moura Sa GG, Silva FL, dos Santos AMR, dos Santos Noleto J, de Olineira Gouveia MT, Nogueira. Technologies that Promote Health Education for the Community Elderly: Integrative Review. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 2019; 27: e3186
  7. Aung MN, Yuasa M, Koyanagi Y, Aung TNN, Moolphate S, Matsumoto H, et al. Sustainable Health Promotion for the Seniors During COVID-19 outbreak: a Lesson from Tokyo. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2020; 14 (4): 328-331
  8. Anwar A, Malik M, Raees V, Anwar A. Role of Mass Media and Public Health Communications in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Cureus. 2020; 12(9): e10453
  9. Van den Broucke, Stephen. Why Health Promotion Matters to the COVID-19 Pandemic, and Vice Versa. Health Promotion International. 2020; 0 : 1-6
  10. Gonzales-Padilla DA, Tortolero-Blanco L. Social Media Influence in the COVID-19 Pandemic. INT BLAZ J UROL. 2020; 46 (suppl1): 120-124
  11. French J, Deshpande S, Evans W, Obregon R. Key Guidelines in Developing a Pre-Emptive COVID-19 Vaccination Uptake Promotion Strategy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17: 5893
  12. Leng A, Maitland E, Wang S, Nicholas S, Liu R, Wang J. Individual Preferences for COVID-19 Vaccination in China. Vaccine. 2021; 39: 247-254
  13. Venegas-Vera, AV, Colbert GB, Lerma, EV. Positive dan Negative Impact of Social Media in The COVID-19 Era. Reviews in the Cardiovasculer Medicine. 2020; 21(4): 561-564
  14. Tasnim S, Hossain MdM, Mazumder H. Impact of Rumors and Misinformation on COVID-19. Journal of Preventive Nedicine & Public Health. 2020; 53 (3): 171-174
  15. Gottlieb M, Dyer S, Information and Disinformation: Social Media in the COVID-19 Crisis. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2020; 27 (7) : 640-641



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.71397

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 471 | views : 342 | views : 230

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Community Empowerment for Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.