Correlation between event of depression and risk of suicide among productive age in Purwodadi, Grobogan

https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.86230

Made Agung Tirta Permata Sari(1*), Natalia Dewi Wardani(2), Hang G Asikin(3)

(1) Diponegoro University
(2) Diponegoro University
(3) Diponegoro University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Introduction: From 2015 to 2019, 141 people died due to suicide in Grobogan Regency, and Purwodadi district was the third largest after Gabus and Wirosari districts, where most of the suicide perpetrators were of the productive age group. Event of depression is often associated as a risk factor for suicide. Depression is a mood disorder. Depression is characterized by sadness, loss of interest or excitement, feelings of guilt or uselessness, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of tiredness, and poor concentration. In its severe form, depression can lead to suicidal thoughts. Purpose: To determine the correlation between the event of depression and the risk of suicide among productive age in Purwodadi, Grobogan. Methods: This research is quantitative research with cross sectional design. The sample in this study consisted of residents of Purwodadi, Grobogan, who are members of Posbindu, using the consecutive random sampling method and bivariate analysis with Fisher's Exact test. The research instrument used a sociodemographic questionnaire, BDI-II questionnaire, and CSSRS. Results: Most of the respondents of productive age in this study (68.6%) did not suffer from depression. There was a significant correlation between the event of depression and the risk of suicide among productive age in Purwodadi, Grobogan  (p = 0,002). Conclusions: There was a significant correlation between the event of depression and the risk of suicide.


Keywords


productive age; depression; suicide; Purwodadi

Full Text:

PDF


References

[1] Kessler RC, Bromet EJ. The Epidemiology of Depression Across Cultures. Annu Rev Public Heal. 2013;34:119-38. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114409

[2] Ogbo, F.A., Mathsyaraja, S., Koti, R.K. et al. The burden of depressive disorders in South Asia, 1990-2016: findings from the global burden of disease study. BMC Psychiatry 18, 333 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1918-1

[3] Evans-Lacko S, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Al-Hamzawi A, et al. Socio-economic variations in the mental health treatment gap for people with anxiety, mood, and substance use disorders: results from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys. Psychol Med. 2018;48(9):1560-1571. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717003336

[4] Peltzer K, Pengpid S. High prevalence of depressive symptoms in a national sample of adults in Indonesia: Childhood adversity, sociodemographic factors and health risk behaviour. Asian J Psychiatr. 2018;33 March:52-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2018.03.017

[5] Woody CA, Ferrari AJ, Siskind DJ, Whiteford HA, Harris MG. A systematic review and meta-regression of the prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression. J Affect Disord. 2017;219:86-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.003

[6] Kumar PNS, Anish PK, George B. Risk factors for suicide in elderly in comparison to younger age groups. Indian J Psychiatry. 2015;57(3):249-54. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.166614

[7] Koordinator Statistik Kecamatan Purwodadi. Kecamatan Purwodadi Dalam Angka 2018. https://bappeda.grobogan.go.id/86-kak/kak-2019/419-kak-kasus-bunuh-diri-kab-grobogan-2019

[8] Mubasyiroh R, Pradono J, Nurchotimah E, Idaiani S. Depression As a Strong Prediction of Suicide Risk. Glob J Health Sci. 2018;10. 52. https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v10n12p52

[9] Shah MMA, Ahmed S, Arafat SMY. Demography and Risk Factors of Suicide in Bangladesh: A Six-Month Paper Content Analysis. Psychiatry J. 2017;1-5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3047025

[10] Ferrari A, Somerville AJ, Baxter A, Norman R, Patten S, Vos T, Whiteford H. Global variation in the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorder: a systematic review of the epidemiological literature. Psychological Medicine 2013; 43: 471-481. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712001511

[11] American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic And Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Edition "DSM-5". Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

[12] Yi SW. Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men : A Prospective Cohort Study. J Prev Med Public Heal. 2016;49(3):176-82. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.16.012

[13] Na K, Oh K, Limb S, Ryuc S, Leed J, Honge J, et al. Association between age and attitudes toward suicide. ejpsy. 2018;32(1):44-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.08.007

[14] Horwitz A, Berona J, Czyz E, Yeguez C, King C. Positive and Negative Expectations of Hopelessness as Longitudinal Predictors of Depression, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicidal Behavior in High-Risk Adolescents. Suicide Life-Threatening Behav. 2016;47(2). https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12273

[15] Bickford D, Morin RT, Nelson JC, Mackin RS. Determinants of Suicide-related Ideation in Late Life Depression : Associations with Perceived Stress. Clin Gerontol. 2020;43(1):37-45. https://doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2019.1666442

[16] Kiosses DN, Szanto K, Alexopoulos GS. Suicide in Older Adults : The Role of Emotions and Cognition. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2014;16(11):49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-014-0495-3



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.86230

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 345 | views : 150

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Community Empowerment for Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.