Nutritional Composition of Momordica dioica fruits: As a wild vegetable

https://doi.org/10.14499/jfps

Jyotsna Salvi(1*)

(1) Department of Botany,University College of Science, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Samples of Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd fruits were collected from Jhadol Tehsil of southern Rajasthan. The fruits were washed, ground into powder and analyzed for the proximate, vitamins, mineral and Fatty acid compositions. The values (% DW) of moisture, ash, crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat and carbohydrate available were 87, 14, 52.06, 15.36, 4 and 14.58, respectively. Levels (g/100g DW) of vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, H and K were 2.5, 1.8, 3.5, 4.3, 6.5 and 15 respectively. The values (mg/100g DW) of minerals potassium, sodium, calcium, zinc, Copper and magnesium were 370, 58, 26000, 8.5, 1.7 and 14000 respectively. Comparing the mineral and vitamin composition with recommended dietary allowances (RDA), the result indicated that Momordica dioica fruits could be good supplement for vitamin B1, B2, B6, B9, Ca and Mg. The values (% DW) of fatty acids i.e. Oleic acid, Palmitic acid, Linoleic acid, Myristic acid and Stearic acid of fruits were 56.253, 12.157, 22.511, 3.589 and 3.547 respectively.  The results indicated that Momordica dioica fruits could be a good supplement for some nutrients, minerals and fatty acids such as fiber, protein, carbohydrates, calcium, magnesium, Oleic acid, and Linoleic acid. The fruit could be promoted as a mineral and vitamin supplement for cereal-based diets in poor rural communities. 


Full Text:

PDF (PP. 18-22)


References

Aberoumand, A. 2010a. A Comparative Study of Nutrients and Mineral Molar Ratios of Some Plant Foods with Recommended Dietary Allowances. Adv. J. Food Sci. & Tech. 2(2): 104-108.

Aberoumand, A. 2011a. Screening of Less known Two Food Plants for Comparison of Nutrient Contents: Iranian and Indian Vegetables, Functional Foods in Health and Disease. 10:416-423.

Aberoumand, A. 2011b. Studies on preliminary comparative of nutritive aspects of food plants. J. Agri. Technol. 7(3): 789-795.

Aberoumand, A. and Deokule, S. S. 2009a. Studies on nutritional values of some wild edible plants from Iran and India. Pak. J. Nutri. 8 (1): 26-31.

Aberoumand, A. and Deokule, S. S. 2009b. Determination of Elements Profile of Some Wild Edible Plants. Food Anal. Methods. 2:116–119.

Aberoumand, A. 2010b. Comparison of proximate and mineral compostion between Asparagus officinalis and Momordica dioica: Iranian and Indian vegetables. Iranica J. Energy and Environment. 1 (3): 196-199.

Ali, A. 2009. Proximate and Mineral Composition of the Marchubeh (Asparagus officinalis) in Iran. J. Diary. Food Sci. 4(2): 145 - 149.

AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemist). 2005. “Official Methods of Analytical of the Association of Official Analytical chemist”, 18th edn. Washington, D. C.

Ayieko, M. A., Kinyuru, J. N., Ndong’a, M. F. and Kenji, G. M. 2011. Nutritional Value and Consumption of Black Ants (Carebara vidua Smith) from the Lake Victoria Region in Kenya. Adv. J. Food Sci. & Technol. 4(1): 39-45.

Black, R. 2003. Micronutrient Deficiency: An Underlying Cause of Morbidity and Mortality. Bull. World Health Organis..8 (2): 79.

Burhingame, B. 2000. Comparison of Total Lipids, Fatty Acids, Sugars and Non Volatile Organic Acids in Nuts from Castanea species. J. Food Comp. Anal. 13: 99 - 100.

Cho, C.M., Ko, J. H., and Cheong, W.J. 2000. Simultaneous determination of water-soluble vitamins excreted in human urine after eating an overdose of vitamin pills by a HPLC method coupled with a solid phase extraction. Talanta 51: 799.

Ekinci, R. and Kadakal, C. 2005. Determination of seven water-soluble vitamins in tarhana, a traditionalTurkish cereal food, by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. Acta Chromatographica. 15:289-297.

Hall, G. M. 1982. Silage from tropical fish: Lipid behavior. J. food Technol. 21: 45-54.

Hyson, D. 2002. Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetable. Scientific overview for health professionals produce for better health foundation, Washington D.C: 20.

IS (Indian standard) Bureau of Indian Standards, (Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi - 110002).

NIN (National Institute of Nutrition). 2009. Nutrient Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Indians, (Indian Council of Medical Research, Jamai-Osmania PO, Hyderabad).

Singh, D., Bahadur, V., Singh, D. B. and Ghosh, G. 2009. Spine Gourd (Momordica dioica): An Underutilized Vegetable with High Nutritional and Medicinal Values. In: proceeding of the ISHS Acta Horticulturae 809: International Symposium on the Socio-Economic Impact of Modern Vegetable Production Technology in Tropical Asia. Chiang Mai, Thailand. Vol. 1

VitaFastR Vitamin test kits, Manufacturer: ifp Institut für Produktqualität GmbH, Berlin, Germany, Distributor: R-Biopharm AG, Darmstadt, Germany



DOI: https://doi.org/10.14499/jfps

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1099 | views : 3128

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences (ISSN: 2339-0948) -  Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.