Muhammad Marzuqi(1*), Ibnu Rusdi(2), Nyoman Adiasmara Giri(3), Ketut Suwirya(4)

(1) Balai Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut Gondol, Bali
(2) Balai Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut Gondol, Bali
(3) Balai Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut Gondol, Bali
(4) Balai Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut Gondol, Bali
(*) Corresponding Author


The purpose of this experiment was to know lipid sources requirement for growth of mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) juvenile. The experiment used ninety of juveniles reared in 30 l of seawater with flow-throught water system and aeration. Initial average body weight and carapace width of juveniles were 0.21 g and 1.05-1.07 cm, respectively. Juveniles were stocked individually using a supernet material in each tank. Five isoprotein and isoenergy formulated diet with dry pellet form containing different proportion of squid oil and soybean oil as lipid sources i.e. 12%:0%, 9%:3%, 6%:6%, 3%:9% and 0%:12%. Feed were given twice a day in the morning and afternoon. The results showed that proportion of dietary squid oil and soybean oil as lipid sources had significant effects on final body weight, weight gain, carapace width, feed efficiency and essential fatty acid of mud crab (P<0.05). The highest growth (3.85 g or 1734.76%) obtained by feed supplemented with squid oil and soybean oil in ratio of 12%:0%. This experiment indicated that reducing of dietary squid oil and increasing dietary soybean oil caused slow growth of mud crab juvenile.


growth, Scylla paramamosain, squid oil, soybean oil

Full Text:

Full Article (PDF)


Association of Official Analytical Chemist. 1985. Official methods of analysis. 12th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemist. Washington D.C. 1141 p.

Bligh, E.G. and W.J. Dryer. 1959. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Canadian. J. Biochem. Physiol. 37: 911-917.

Briggs, M.R.P. 1990. The effect of dietary lipid and phospholipid levels on the growth, survival, feed efficiency and carcass composition of juvenile Penaeus monodon (Unpublished).

Chin, H.C., U.P.D. Gunasekera, and H.P. Amandakoon. 1992. Formulation of artificial feed for mud crab culture: A preliminary biochemical, physical and biological evaluation. Report of the Seminar on the Mud crab Culture and Trade. Agell, C.A. (Ed.). Surat Tani Thailand: 197-184.

Furuita, H., T. Takeuchi, M. Toyota, and T. Watanabe. 1996. EPA and DHA requirement in early juvenile red sea bream using HUFA enriched Artemia nauplii. Fish. Sci. 62 (2): 246-251.

Giri, N.A., Yunus, K. Suwirya, dan M. Marzuqi. 2002. Kebutuhan protein untuk pertumbuhan yuwana kepiting bakau (Scylla paramamosain). Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. VIII (5): 31-36.

Giri, N.A., K. Suwirya, I. Rusdi, dan M. Marzuqi. 2002. Kandungan lemak pakan optimal untuk pertumbuhan benih kepiting bakau (Scylla paramamosain). Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. IX (5): 25-30.

Guary, J.C.B., M. Kayama, Y. Murakami, and H.J. Ceccaldi. 1976. The effect of a fat-free diet and compounded diets supplemented with various oil on moult, growth and fatty acid composi-tion of prawn Penaeus japonicus Bate. Aquaculture. 7: 245-254.

Kanazawa, A., S. Teshima, and S. Tokiwa. 1977. Nutritional requirement of prawn VII. Effect of dietary lipids on growth. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 43: 849-856.

Kanazawa, A., S. Teshima, and M. Ondo. 1979. Requirement of prawn, Penaeus japonicus or essential fatty acids. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries. Kagoshima Univ. 28: 27-33.

Kanazawa, A., S. Teshima, and M. Sakamoto. 1985. Effect of dietary lipids, fatty acid, and phospholipid on growth and survival of prawn (Penaeus japonicus) larvae. Aqua-culture. 50: 39-49.

Park, P.W. and R.E. Goins. 1994. In situ preparation of fatty acids methyl ester for analysis of fatty acids composa-tion in food. J. Food Sci. 59 (6): 1262-1266.

Shepherd, C.J. and N.R. Bromage. 1988. Intensive fish farming. BIP Profesional Book. London. 404 p.

Sick, L.V. and J.W. Andrews. 1973. The effect of selected dietary lipids, carbohydrates and protein on the growth, survival and body composi-tion of Penaeus duorarum. Proc. World Maricult. Soc. 4: 263-276.

Suwirya, K., M. Marzuqi, dan N.A. Giri. 2003. Pengaruh vitamin C dalam pa-kan terhadap pertumbuhan kepiting bakau (Scylla paramamosain). Prosi-ding Seminar Nasional Penerapan Teknologi Tepat Guna dalam Men-dukung Agribisnis di Yogyakarta. 24 September 2003. BPTP kerjasama dengan STIPER. Yogyakarta: 247-252.

Steel, R.G.B., and J.H. Torrie. 1960. Priciples and procedure of statistics. McGraw-Hill. New York. 481 p.

Watanabe, T., C. Kitajima, and S. Fujita. 1983. Nutritional value of live organism used in Japan for mass propagation of fish: a review. Aqua-culture. 34: 115-143.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2817 | views : 9032


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).


View My Stats