Determinan Kontrasepsi Modern di Provinsi Maluku (Analisis Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2017)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.68349

Devita Madiuw(1*), Vanny Leutualy(2), Dian Thiofany Sopacua(3), Griennasty Clawdya Siahaya(4), Muhammad Ridwan Dasnel(5)

(1) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku
(2) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku
(3) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku
(4) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku
(5) Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional, Provinsi Maluku
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Tren penggunaan kontrasepsi modern di Maluku menurun dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Penggunaan kontrasepsi modern lebih rendah di perkotaan dibandingkan pedesaan.

Tujuan: Mengetahui faktor penentu penggunaan kontrasepsi modern di Maluku berdasarkan hasil SDKI 2017.

Metode: Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan sumber data yaitu hasil SDKI 2017. Sebanyak 1139 data wanita usia subur menikah umur 15‒49 tahun disertakan dalam analisis. Uji bivariat menggunakan uji chi-square. Selanjutnya, dilakukan analisis mutivariat bagi variabel dengan nilai p<0,25.

Hasil: Penggunaan kontrasepsi di antara wanita usia subur menikah adalah 39,9%. Umur (OR: 1,996; 95% CI: 1,471‒2,707), tingkat pendidikan (OR: 1,309; 95% CI: 1,015‒1,687) dan jumlah anak hidup (OR: 0,478; 95% CI: 0,360‒0,635) berhubungan secara signifikan dengan penggunaan kontrasepsi modern. Empat variabel lainnya tidak memiliki hubungan, yaitu daerah tempat tinggal, indeks kekayaan, sumber pelayanan KB dan kunjungan petugas.

Kesimpulan: Diperlukan berbagai intervensi sebagai upaya peningkatan pengetahuan serta kesadaran wanita usia subur tentang pentingnya penggunaan metode kontrasepsi modern sebagai metode yang lebih efektif dalam mencegah kehamilan.


Keywords


determinan; kontrasepsi modern; wanita usia subur

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.68349

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