Profil Perawatan Sendiri (Self-care) dan Swamedikasi (Self-medication) pada Madrasah Aliyah Berasrama di Aceh Besar selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.71639

Abdul Hakim(1), Novia Maulina(2), Hajar Sugihantoro(3), Humaira Ramzi(4*)

(1) Program Studi Farmasi, Universitas Islam Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Malang
(2) Program Studi Farmasi, Universitas Islam Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Malang
(3) Program Studi Farmasi, Universitas Islam Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Malang
(4) Program Studi Farmasi, Universitas Islam Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The COVID-19 pandemic has brought many changes to society, especially in carrying out daily activities. One of the changes is an increase in self-care and self-medication as an effort to survive during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research was conducted at Madrasah Aliyah (MA) Ruhul Islam Anak Nation Aceh Besar. The school is a boarding school that conducts offline learning activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to find out the description of self-care and self-medication during the COVID-19 pandemic at MA Ruhul Islam Anak Bangsa Aceh Besar. The research method uses descriptive research methods. Data was collected by filling out the questionnaire directly using a sample of 90 respondents. The results showed that the self-care profile showed that respondents who always made efforts to prevent COVID-19 were 21.9% and respondents who always maintained their well-being were 34.4%. In the self-medication profile, data showed that when self-medication, most of the respondents used synthetic drugs (69.5%), most of the respondents received information about self-medication from their parents (57.3%), the purpose of doing self-medication was mostly to increase endurance (45.1%), when doing self-medication, there are respondents who experience side effects, and the most are dizziness (29.1%) and 56.5% of respondents will immediately stop treatment if there are side effects, The most obstacles experienced by respondents in carrying out self-medication was that respondents did not know what medicine to use (40.2%). Based on these results, it can be concluded that it is necessary to increase the prevention of COVID-19 and provide education in conducting self-medication during the COVID-19 pandemic at the Supreme Court of Ruhul Islam Anak Bangsa Aceh Besar. 


Keywords


Self-medication; Self-care; COVID-19 pandemic; Boarding school

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. World Health Organization. COVID-19 Weekly Epidemiological Update 22. World Heal Organ. 2020;(December):1-3. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/weekly_epidemiological_update_22.pdf
  2. Sirait RH, Suryowati T, Siagian FE, et al. The New Normal among Indonesian Elderly : Their Perception on COVID 19 and Their Positive Perspective to Accept the Consequences. 2020;3(October):53-60.
  3. De Maria M, Ferro F, Ausili D, et al. Development and psychometric testing of the self-care in COVID-19 (SCOVID) scale, an instrument for measuring self-care in the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(21):1-12. doi:10.3390/ijerph17217834
  4. WHO. Guidlines for the Regulatory Assesment of Medicinal Product for Use in Self-Medication. Who/Edm/Qsm/001. 2000;1(1):1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2016.06.001%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2016.12.055%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2019.02.006%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.04.024%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.127252%0Ahttp://dx.doi.o
  5. Bennadi D. Self-medication: A current challenge. J Basic Clin Pharm. 2014;5(1):19. doi:10.4103/0976-0105.128253
  6. Kemenkes RI. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor Hk.01.07/Menkes/382/2020 Tentang Protokol Kesehatan Bagi Masyarakat Di Tempat Dan Fasilitas Umum Dalam Rangka Pencegahan Dan Pengendalian CORONA VIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19).; 2020.
  7. Malik M, Tahir MJ, Jabbar R, Ahmed A, Hussain R. Self-medication during Covid-19 pandemic: challenges and opportunities. Drugs Ther Perspect. 2020;36(12):565-567. doi:10.1007/s40267-020-00785-z
  8. Makowska M, Boguszewski R, Nowakowski M. Self-Medication-Related Behaviors and Poland’s COVID-19 Lockdown. Int J Environ Res Public Heal. 2020;17(8344).
  9. Depkes RI. Materi Pelatihan Peningkatan Pengetahuan Dan Keterampilan Memilih Obat Bagi Tenaga Kesehatan.
  10. WHO (World Health Organization). Orientation Programme on Adolescent Health for Health-Care Providers.; 2018.
  11. Kaplan RM, Milstein A. Influence of a COVID-19 vaccine ’ s effectiveness and safety profile on vaccination acceptance. PNAS. 2021;(August 2020). doi:10.1073/pnas.2021726118/-/DCSupplemental.Published
  12. Firma TB. Normal Baru Dalam Praktik Keagamaan Islam. Al-Adyan J Relig Stud. 2020;1(2).
  13. UNICEF. Key Messages and Actions for Prevention and Control in Schools.; 2020.
  14. Chtourou H, Trabelsi K, Cyrine H, Boukhris O, Ammar A, Bragazzi NL. Staying Physically Active During the Quarantine and Self-Isolation Period for Controlling and Mitigating the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Systematic Overview of the Literature. Front Psychol. 2020;11(August). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01708
  15. IASC. Guidance for COVID-19 Prevention and Control. IASC Inter-Agency Standing Comm. 2020;(March):1-13.
  16. Aswad PA, Kharisma Y, Andriane Y, Respati T, Nurhayati E. Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Swamedikasi oleh Ibu-Ibu di Kelurahan Tamansari Kota Bandung Self-medication Knowledge and Behavior by Mothers in Tamansari Village of Bandung. J Integr Kesehat Sains Online. 2019;1(2):107-113.
  17. Vidyavati SD, Sneha, Kamarudin J KS. Self Medication - Reasons , Risks and Benefits. Int J Healthc Biomed Res. 2016;04(July):21-24.
  18. Homod T, Alawwad S, Aldueb R. Self-medication among adolescents 13 e 18 years old in Riyadh , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , from 2014 to 2015. Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2016;(July):1-7. doi:10.1016/j.ijpam.2016.05.001
  19. Mudenda S, Witika BA, Sadiq MJ, et al. Self-medication and its Consequences during & after the Coronavirus Disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) Pandemic : A Global Health Problem. 2020;5(1):5-9.
  20. Al-ani MR, Hassan N, Edis Z, Bloukh SH. Common Adverse Effects Due to Self - Medication. 2016;(February).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.71639

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1193 | views : 462

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

©Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi
Faculty of Pharmacy
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Creative Commons License
View My Stats