Perbandingan Tingkat Motivasi Mahasiswa yang Menempuh Kuliah Konvensional dengan Collaborative Learning

Herman Herman(1*), Titi Savitri P(2), Widyandana Widyandana(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kesehatan, Palu, Indonesia
(2) Bagian Pendidikan Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(3) Bagian Pendidikan Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Collaborative learning is a learning method which centered on students’ learning process. Although many theories and research results showed that  interactive lecture is better than conventional lecture, but in fact, only few lecturers use the interactive method in teaching and learning process. Literature stated that using conventional method in teaching and learning process does not motivate students to learn more while using the other one (interactive lecture) will enhance students’ motivation. Collaborative learning is one of interactive lecture method. Based on the facts mentioned above, the researcher wants to compare students’ motivation who participate in conventional method and those who participate in collaborative learning method.

Method: This was a quantitative research with experimental approach, used posttest only with control group design. This research measured students’ learning motivation by using Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). Subjects for the research were the second semester students of  Public Health Scince of Tadulako University which divided into two groups randomly. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney test method.

Results: There were a distinct disparity in students’ learning motivation after following learning process with conventional and collaborative learning method. Students who followed collaborative learning had higher motivation than students who followed conventional lecture.

Conclusion: Collaborative learning improves students’ learning motivation toward the nutrient topic on Public Health Sciences.



Lecture, conventional lecture, collaborative learning, learning motivation.

Full Text:



  1. McKeachi.W.J. & Syinicki. M. McKeachie’s teaching tips: Strategies, research, and theory for college and university teachers (12th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin; 2006.
  2. Newble, D. & Cannon, R. A Handbook For Medical Teachers.4th ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2001.
  3. Dijk, L.A.V. & Jochems, W.M.G. Changing A Traditional Lecturing Approach into An Interactive Approach : Effects of Interrupting the Monologue in Lecture. Int.J.Enging Ed. 2002;18(3):275-85.
  4. Knight, J.K. & Wood, W.B. Teaching More by Lecturing Less. Cell Biol Educ. Winter. 2005;4(4): 298-310.
  5. Hiltz, S.R. Collaborative Learning in Asynchronous Learning Network: Building learning communitie. New Jersey Institute of Technology; 1998.
  6. Setyosari, P. Pembelajaran Kolaborasi; Landasan untuk mengembangkan keterampilan sosial, rasa saling menghargai dan tanggung jawab (desertasi). Malang (Indonesia): Universitas Negeri Malang. 2009.
  7. Tinzmann, M.B., Jones, B.F., Fennimore, T.F., Bakker, J. Fine, C., & Pierce, J., What Is The Collaborative Class Room ? NCREL, Oak Brook; 1990.
  8. Slavin, R. E. Cooperative Learning. Second edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 1995.
  9. Suhoyo, Y. Perbandingan Efektifitas antara Computer-Base Learning (CBL) dan Kuliah Sebagai Metode Pengajaran Prinsip Dasar Bioetika pada Mahasiswa Baru [tesis] Yogyakarta (Indonesia). Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2008.
  10. Harsono, Dwiyanto, D., pembelajaran berpusat mahasiswa, pusat pengembangan pendidikan. Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta; 2005.
  11. Husain, R. Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Kolaboratif Dalam meningkatkan Hasil belajar Warga Belajar Paket C (Studi di SKB Kota Gorontalo) [desetasi]. Gorontalo (Indonesia): Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia; 2012.
  12. Pintrich, P.R.,Smith, D.A.F.,Garcia, T. & McKacachie, W.J. A Manual for tha use of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). University of Michigan, National Center for Researsch to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning; 1991.
  13. Marcou, A. & Phlippou, G. Motivational beliefs, selt-regulated learning and mathematical problem solving. In chick, H.L.&Vincent, J.L.(eds.). Proceeding of the 29th Conference of the International group for the psycology of Matematic Education (dokumen on the internet). Melbourne: PME; 2005;3: 297-304. Available from: /PME29/PME29RRPapers/PME29Vol3MarcouPhilppou.pdf
  14. Gauci, S.A., Dantas, A.M., Williams, D.A., & Kemm, R.E. Pomoting student-centered active learning in lecture with a personal response syste. Adv Physiol. Education. 2009;31:41-4.
  15. Ichsan, B. (2009) Perbandingan Efektifitas antara Kuliah Menggunakan Prinsip-Prinsip Gagne dan Kuliah konvensional pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah [tesis] Surakarta (Indonesia). Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2008.
  16. Slavin, R. E. Coopertive learning; Where Behavior and Humanistic Approaches to Classroom Motivation Meet Source. The Elementary School. The University of Chicago Press: 1978;88(1):29-37.
  17. Johnson, D. W,. Johnson, R.T., & Stanne. M.B Jacobs,. Cooperative Learning Method: A Meta-Analysis. University of Minneasota 60 Peik Hall 159 pillsbury Drive, S.E. Minnesoapolis, Minneasota 55455; 2000.
  18. Amin, Z. & Eng, K.H. Basic in Medical Education. Singapore : Word Scientific Publishing Co. Pte.Ltd; 2003.
  19. Driscall, M.P. The motivation to learn. Psychology of learning for instruction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1994; 294-326.
  20. Bouton, C. & Garth, R.Y. 1993 Learning in Groups. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc; 1993
  21. Alavi, M. “Computer-mediated collaborative learning: An empirical evaluation”. MIS Querterly. 1994; 150-174.
  22. Hiltz, S.R. & Turoff, M. The Network Nation: Human communicsation via computer._Revised edition, Cambridge MA: MIT Press; 1993.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1778 | views : 2920


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Herman Herman, Titi Savitri P, Widyandana Widyandana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by:


JPKI Stats