Peningkatan Kompetensi Manajemen Asfiksia Bayi Baru Lahir Melalui Metode Cooperative-Learning

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.25257

Reni M. Kusuma(1*), Anita D. Anwar(2), Dwi Prasetyo(3)

(1) STIKES Achmad Yani Yogyakarta
(2) Bagian Fetomaternal Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjajaran
(3) Bagian Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjajaran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The competence of asphyxia management on newborn baby is essential for midwife. The quality of learning process should be improved by applying interactive learning method. The cooperative learning method is often applied to enhance the effectiveness of clinical learning process. The purpose of this research was to analyze the influence of cooperative learning on competence which consists of student’s knowledge, attitude, and skill in comparison to teacher-centered learning method.

Method: This is quasi-experimental research with control group pre-test and post-test design Samples were third semester students at Stikes A. Yani Yogyakarta. The samples were 80 students in cooperative learning group and 90 students in teacher-centered learning group.

Result: The result showed that  there was an improvement of knowledge in cooperative learning group compared to teacher-centered learning group (p=0.002). The improvement od student’s attitude in cooperative learning group was significantly higher than teacher-centered learning group (p=0.001). In the field of skills, cooperative group, although not significant (p=0.671). The competence was significantly higher in cooperative learning group rather than in teacher-centered learning group (p=0.027). Correlation between competence and method of learning was weak (rpbi  = 0.134, p= 0.041).

Conclusion: Cooperative learning method is proven to be improve student’s knowledge, attitude and skills. The difference is not significant for skills domain. Cooperative learning method is proven to improve student’s competence in carrying out the management of newborn babies asphyxia, even though the correlation is weak.


Keywords


Cooperative learning, Competence, Teacher-centered learning

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Kurikulum inti pendidikan diploma III kebidanan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2011.
  2. Direktorat Akademik Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi. Buku Panduan Pengembangan Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi Pendidikan Tinggi (Sebuah alternatif penyusunan kurikulum). Jakarta: Direktorat Akademik Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi; 2008.
  3. Parnata IK, Suandi IK. Implementasi cooperative learning dalam pembelajaran sistem akuntansi untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar mahasiswa ditinjau dari prior knowledge mahasiswa. Ragam Jurnal Pengembangan Humaniora. 2010;10(2):98-105.
  4. Tisnawati D. Penerapan model cooperative learning tipe STAD dalam pembelajaran biologi untuk meningkatkan prestasi belajar siswa kelas X MAN Model Palu. Derap Pendidikan LPMP Sulawesi Tengah. 2008;2(3):92-107.
  5. Setiyani R. Penerapan cooperative learning tipe jigsaw untuk meningkatkan pemahaman dan keterampilan mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi. 2009;4(1):69-87.
  6. Redhana IW. Meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa melalui pembelajaran kooperatif dengan strategi pemecahan masalah. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran IKIP Negeri Singaraja. 2003;3(TH XXXVI):1-13.
  7. Armstrong N, Chang S-M, Brickman M. Cooperative learning in industrial-sized biology classes. CBE-Life Science Education. 2007;6:163-71.
  8. Arikunto S. Prosedur penelitian suatu pendekatan praktik Jakarta. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2006.
  9. Isjoni. Pembelajaran kooperatif meningkatkan kecerdasan komunikasi antar peserta didik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2011.
  10. Slavin RE. Cooperative learning teori, riset, dan praktik. Bandung: Penerbit Nusa Media; 2005.
  11. Suprijono A. Cooperative learning teori & aplikasi PAIKEM. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2012.
  12. Mayer RE. Rote versus meaningful learning. Theory Into Practice. 2002;41(4):226-32.
  13. Partadjaja T, Sulastri M. Penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif Jigsaw untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan penalaran mahasiswa pada mata kuliah ilmu budaya dasar. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pendidikan. 2007;1(1):65-77.
  14. Prastowo WAE. Model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe think pair share untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar ekonomi materi laporan keuangan perusahaan dagang kelas XII IPS-1 SMA Negeri 3 Semarang Tahun 2009−2010. Jurnal Didaktika. 2009;1(4):797-810.
  15. Winkel WS. Psikologi pengajaran. Yogyakarta: Media Abadi; 2009.
  16. Qudsyi H, Indriaty L, Herawaty Y, Saifullah, Khaliq I, Setiawan J. Pengaruh metode pembelajaran kooperatif (cooperative learning) dan motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar siswa SMA. Proyeksi. 2011;6(2):34-49.
  17. Tanner K, Chatman LS, Allen D. Approaches to cell biology teaching: cooperative learning in the science classroom-beyond students working in groups. The American Society for Cell Biology. 2003;2(1):1-5.
  18. Setiyani R. Penerapan cooperative learning tipe jigsaw untuk meningkatkan pemahaman dan keterampilan mahasiswa Jurnal Pendidkan Ekonomi. 2009;4(1):69-87.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.25257

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1210 | views : 24939

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Reni M. Kusuma, Anita D. Anwar, Dwi Prasetyo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by: