Giovanna Renee Tan(1*), Prattama Santoso Utomo(2), Yoyo Suhoyo(3), Rachmadya Nur Hidayah(4)

(1) School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Medical Education and Bioethics Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Medical Education and Bioethics Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Department of Medical Education and Bioethics Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: The Covid-19 pandemic had forced majority of medical institutions to cease face-to-face learning and implement online synchronous technology. Thus, the improvement of online synchronous learning had become a priority for the continuity of medical education. This study explored students’ self-regulated online learning behavior and perception towards synchronous online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional mixed-method design. Stratified random sampling was applied for participant recruitment that included 101 participants, whom are medical students from academic year 1 to 3 (2018-2020) . A total of 12 interview participants were recruited purposively to allow adequate representation of each batch. Data were collected using a modified Self-regulated Online Learning Questionnaire-Revised and a semi-structured interview. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used for data analysis.

Results: Approximately 72.28% of participants (N = 101) were of the higher self-regulated online learning behavior group. Batch 2019 had the highest percentage of higher-self regulated learning participants (27.72%, n = 35, p = 0.899). The environmental structuring average score was the highest (x̄ = 5.77), while persistence domain was the lowest (x̄ = 5.03). The participants appreciated the use of technology to provide quality lectures and flexibility of attending lectures. However, classroom interaction and accountability was a major challenge.

Conclusion: Synchronous online lectures have the potential to allow students find their effective study time and method during the Covid-19 pandemic.



Synchronous online lecture, online learning, self-regulated learning, study behavior, Indonesia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.73707

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