Pewarisan Sifat Ketahanan Tanaman Melon (Cucumis melo L.) terhadap Powdery Mildew (Podosphaera xanthii (Castag.) Braun et Shishkoff)

Budi Setiadi Daryono(1*), Muhammad Taufiq Qurrohman(2)

(1) Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that causes subtantial losses in melon production around the world including Indonesia. Resistant melon cultivar to powdery mildew is important to increase melon production. Hence, the objectives of this study were to study melon resistance against powdery mildew and its inheritance. A F2 population was obtained from self pollination between F1 ♀ 371795 which derived from ♀ PI 371795 X ♂Action 434 and F1 ♀Action 434 which derived from ♀ Action 434 X ♂ PI 371795. In addition, a test cross population was produce by crossing between F1 with Action 434 as a recessive homozygote pa-rent. Furthermore, powdery mildew resistance in a F1, F2 and test cross populations were tested by inoculating powdery mildew which collected from Ngawi regency. The results were evaluated by Chi-square test (χ2). The results showed that a F1, F2 and test cross populations have different resistance levels to powdery mildew. The resistance to powdery mildew in a F2 ♀ PI 371795 population showed segregation and have 3:1 ratio of Mendel inheritance pattern. On the other hand, resistance to powdery mildew in a test cross with PI 371795 as a parent showed segregation with 1:1 ratio. While resistance in a F2 ♀ Action 434 and test cross populations with Action 434 as a parent did not express Mendel inheritance pattern. Based on the result it could be concluded thatn resistance to powdery mildew in PI 371795 as a female parent is controlled by a single dominant gene (pm-I), while resistance to powdery mildew in action 434 as a female parent is suppose to be controlled by several genes (oligogene).



Cucumis melo L.; oligogene; powdery mildew; single dominant gene

Full Text:



Aristya, G.R. & B.S. Daryono. 2007. Identification and Screening for Resistance to Powdery Mildews in Melon (Cucumis melo L.). p. 325–327. In Y.B. Sumardiyono & S. Hartono (eds.), Proceeding of the 3rd Asian

Conference on Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Crowder, L.V. 1990. Genetika Tumbuhan. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 372 p.

Daryono, B.S., S. Somowiyarjo, & K.T. Natsuaki. 2003. New Source of Resistence to Cucumber Mosaic Virus in Melon. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 35: 19–26.

Fukino, N., M. Taneishi, T. Saito, T. Nishijima, & M. Hirai. 2001. Construction of a LinkageMap and Genetic Analysis for Resistance to Cotton Aphid and PowderyMildew inMelon. Acta Horticulturae 588: 283–286.

Fukino, N., M. Kunisiha, & S. Matsumoto. 2004. Characterization of Recombinant Inbred Lines Derived from Crosses in Melon (Cucumis melo L.),‘PMAR No.5’x’ Harukei No.3’. Breeding Science 54: 141–145.

Gonzales, J.M. & J.I. Cubero. 1993. Selection Strategies and Choice of Breeding Methods. p. 281–313. In M.D. Hayward, N.O. Bosemark, & I. Romagosa (eds.), Plant Breeding: Principles and Prospects.

Chapman & Hall, London. Jahn, M., H.M. Munger, & J.D. McCreight. 2002. Breeding Cucurbit Crop for Powdery Mildew Resistance. p. 239–248. In R. Bélanger, W.R. Bushnell, A.J. Dik, T.L.W. Carver (eds.), The Powdery Mildews. A Comprehensive Treatise. The APS Press, Minnesota.

Kenigsbuch, D., &Y. Cohen. 1992. Inheritance and Allelism of Genes for Resistance to Races 1 and 2 of Sphaerotheca fuliginea in Muskmelon. Plant Disease 76: 626–629.

Kuzuya, M., K. Hosoya, K. Yashiro, K. Tomita, & H. Ezura. 2003. Powdery Mildew (Sphaerotheca fuliginea) Resistance in Melon is Selectable at the Haploid Level. Experimental Botany 54: 1069–1074.

Kuzuya, M., K. Yashiro, K. Tomita, & H. Ezura. 2006. Powdery Mildew (Podosphaera xantii) Resistance inMelon is Categorized into Two Types Based on Inhibition of the Infection Processes. Journal of Experimental Botany 57: 2093–2100.

McCreight, J. D. 2006. Melon-Powdery Mildew Interactions Reveal Variation in Melon Cultigens and Podosphaera xantii Races 1 and 2. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 131: 59–65.

Semangun, H. 2004. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Hortikultura di Indonesia. GadjahMada University Press, Yogyakarta. 850 p.

Welsh, J.R. 1991. Dasar-Dasar Genetika dan Pemuliaan Tanaman. Alih Bahasa: Mogea, J.P. Penerbit Erlangga, Jakarta. 224 p.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 8872 | views : 8611


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2009 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics