Rancang Bangun Sistem Komunikasi antar UAV untuk Formasi UAV

https://doi.org/10.22146/juliet.v1i1.54093

Rendra Dwi Firmansyah(1*), Esa Apriaskar(2), Tika Erna Putri(3)

(1) Balai Pengembangan Instrumentasi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Semarang
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract – UAV formation is one of techology development in UAV world. The UAV formation can be utilized in various fields including agriculture, mapping and defense security (HANKAM). Communication is one of the important components in making UAV formations. To make UAV formations, position and direction data (AHRS) from each UAV will be sent to other UAVs so that when forming UAV formation, no collisions occur between UAVs. This study uses a star topology like the one on a computer network. This method involves two or more UAVs, both of which will exchange data. In this study the data sent is in the form of a dummy data package using the xbee module. The purpose of this study is the initial model of communication between UAVs which can later be developed into more complex communication models for many UAVs. The results obtained in the form of maximum communication distance between UAVs is 50m and the recommended optimal distance is 10-20m.

Keywords : UAV, Communication, UAV Formation, Xbee

Intisari – Formasi UAV merupakan salah satu perkembangan teknologi di bidang UAV. Formasi UAV ini dapat dimanfaatkan di berbagai bidang antara lain pertanian, pemetaan, dan pertahanan keamanan (HANKAM). Komunikasi merupakan salah satu komponen penting dalam pembuatan formasi UAV. Untuk membuat formasi UAV dibutuhkan data posisi dan arah (AHRS) dari masing-masing UAV yang akan dikirimkan ke UAV yang lain sehingga pada saat pembentukan formasi UAV, tidak terjadi tabrakan antar UAV. Penelitian ini menggunakan topologi star seperti yang ada pada jaringan komputer. Metode ini melibatkan dua atau lebih UAV yang keduanya akan saling bertukar data. Pada penelitian ini data yang dikirimkan berupa paket data dummy menggunakan modul xbee. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah model awal komunikasi antar UAV yang nantinya dapat dikembangkan menjadi model komunikasi yang lebih kompleks untuk banyak UAV. Hasil yang didapatkan berupa jarak maksimal komunikasi antar UAV adalah 50m dan jarak optimal yang disarankan adalah 10-20m.

Kata kunci : UAV,Komunikasi, Formasi UAV, Xbee


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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/juliet.v1i1.54093

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Jurnal Listrik, Instrumentasi, dan Elektronika Terapan (JuLIET) (E-ISSN: 2746-2536)

Published by Vocational College, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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