Perencanaan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Hibrid (PV dan Mikrohidro) Terhubung Grid (Studi Kasus Desa Merden, Kecamatan Padureso, Kebumen)

https://doi.org/10.22146/juliet.v2i1.64365

Ana Nur Azizah(1*), Sugeng Purbawanto(2)

(1) Jurusan Teknik Elektro, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(2) Jurusan Teknik Elektro, Universitas Negeri semarang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract – Hybrid Power Plant is an integration of two or more power plants based on renewable energy or not. Indonesia targets 23% of new renewable energy in the national energy mix in 2025, Merden Village is one of the areas located in Padureso District, Kebumen Regency., which has a renewable energy-based power plant, namely PLTMH with a capacity of 2x200 kVa connected to the grid (PLN). However, from August to December it did not run optimally due to a lack of water supply from the Wadaslintang Reservoir. Based on the database form NASA, the village of Merden is an area that has radiation of 4,60 kWh/m2/day, with a high enough intensity, this village has the potential to be paired with photovoltaics as additional energy. This research uses the help of HOMER software with the parameters entered, among others, energy source (solar radiation intensity and water discharge), equipment specifications, cost and daily load profile. The results of this study are the electrical energy production of the two generators is 1.301.169 kWh per year with a total NPC value of -$941.597 and an LCOE of - $0,056. The most optimal configuration is Microhydro 385 kW, PV 15kW, Battery 40 units, Bi-Directional Inverter 75 kW. This shows the additional of PV can be a reference because it can produce electrical energy for one full year.

Keywords : Hybrid, Microhydro, PV, Grid, HOMER

Intisari –Desa Merden merupakan wilayah di Kabupaten Kebumen yang memiliki pembangkit listrik berbasis energi terbarukan yaitu PLTMH dengan kapasitas 2x200 kVa. Namun saat bulan Agustus sampai Desember pembangkit ini tidak dapat memproduksi energi listrik dikarenakan pasokan air dari Waduk Wadaslintang tidak memenuhi. Penelitian ini dilakukan guna merencanakan pembangkit listrik tenaga hibrid yaitu integrasi dari PLTMH dan PLTS dengan bantuan software HOMER. Desa Merden ini memiliki intensitas radiasi matahari sebesar 4,60 kWh/m2/hari. Hasil penelitian ini adalah produksi energi dari kedua pembangkit yaitu 1.301.169 kWh per tahun , total NPC terendah sebesar -$941.597, biaya pembangkitan listrik (COE) sebesar -$0,056/kWh   dengan produksi energi dari PV penuh selama satu tahun. 

Kata kunci : hibrid, PV, mikrohidro

 


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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/juliet.v2i1.64365

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Jurnal Listrik, Instrumentasi, dan Elektronika Terapan (JuLIET) (E-ISSN: 2746-2536)

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