How to Improve Disaster Governance for Non-Natural Disaster? A Literatur Study Evaluating Indonesian Government Management of Disaster during The Covid-19 Pademic

Oscar Radyan Danar(1*), Suhartono Winoto(2), Aulia Puspaning Galih(3)

(1) University of Brawijaya
(2) Faculty of Administrative Science, University of Brawijaya
(3) Faculty of Administrative of Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author


Infection with the COVID-19 virus since the end of 2019 has become the biggest pandemic tragedy of this century. In a short time, this virus spread throughout the country infecting millions of people and causing an increase in the world's death toll. At the beginning of the spread of COVID-19, government of Indonesia showed no sense of crisis and had weak disaster management system. The response to control COVID-19 impacts in Indonesia is interesting to analyze. This study adopted a quantitative systematic literature review of academic articles on Indonesian government response to the Covid-19 pandemic published in national and international journals. There were four main topics in the study of disaster management, namely government policy, intergovernmental relations, crisis communication phases, and mitigation and preparedness. This study found that that the government had to improve the communication strategies to deliver data of COVID-19 and mitigation strategies to keep COVID-19 under controlled. Thus, it is necessary to develop a model for handling non-natural disasters in the perspective of disaster governance to strengthen interactions between institutions, communication channels in the midst of crisis conditions, and develop emergency response and preparedness procedures.


Controlling COVID-19; Disaster Management; Literature Review

Full Text:



Agustino, L. (2020). Analisis Kebijakan Penanganan Wabah Covid-19 : Pengalaman Indonesia Analysis Of Covid-19 Outbreak Handling Policy : The Experience Of Indonesia. Junal Borneo Administrator, 16(2), 253–270.

Aziz, M. S., & Wicaksono, M. A. (2020). MASYARAKAT INDONESIA. Masyarakat Indonesia, 46, 194–207.

Bahtiar, A., Angin, R. F. P., Ramadhan, Y. S., Nugrahani, H. S. D., & Masfufah, Y. A. (2021). Mitigation analysis of Covid-19 pandemic on the medical sector in Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 716(1).

Booth, A., Sutton, A., & Papaioannou, D. (2016). Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review (Vol. 2). SAGE Publishing.

Brunner, R. D., Steelman, T. A., Coe-Juell, L., Cromley, C. M., Edwards, C. M., & Tucker, D. W. (2005). Adaptive Governance: Integrating Science, Policy, and Decision Making. Columbia University Press.

Buchari, R. A. (2021). Disaster Mitigation Based on Community Institutions in Disaster-Prone Areas in Garut District Indonesia. Sosiohumaniora, 23(1), 107.

Coombs, W. (2008). Komunikasi Krisis di Wolfgang Donsbach (pp. 1054–1060). Blackwell.

Danar, O. R. (2018). Danar, Oscar Radyan. In Isnet.or.Id (Issue September).

Dharma, A. A. S., & Kasim, A. (2021). Infodemi Covid-19 dalam Perspektif Open Government: Sebuah Tinjauan Literatur. JIIP: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan, 6(1), 105–125.

Forni, M. (2017). Sharing Japanese Expertise in Emergency Preparedness and Response (EP&R) Systems at National and Local levels. The World Bank, 2021.

Garjito, D., & Aditya, R. (2020, February 15). Kelakar Menteri Airlangga: Izinnya Berbelit-belit, Virus Corona Tak Masuk. Suara Online.

Hizbaron, D. R., Ruslanjari, D., & Mardiatno, D. (2021). Amidst covid-19 pandemic: An adaptive disaster governance in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Social Sciences, 10(3).

Islam, S., Chu, C., Smart, J. C. R., & Liew, L. (2020). Integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: a systematic literature review. Climate and Development, 12(3), 255–267.

Kim, Y., Poncelet, J.-L., Min, G., Lee, J., & Yang, Y. (2021a). COVID-19: Systemic risk and response management in the Republic of Korea. Progress in Disaster Science, 100200.

Malik, T. ., & Purwanto, E. . (2020). Tata Kelola Penanganan COVID-19 di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Noor, F., Ayuningtyas, F., & Prihatiningsih, W. (2020). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding Disaster Communications for Handling Coronavirus Disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) in Indonesia. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 2019, 25–35.

Ramdani, R., Agustiyara, & Purnomo, E. P. (2021). Big Data Analysis of COVID-19 Mitigation Policy in Indonesia: Democratic, Elitist, and Artificial Intelligence. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 717(1).

Revet, S., & Langumier, J. (2015). Governing Disasters Beyond Risk Culture. PALGRAVE MACMILLAN. Ryan, J. (2020). Peranan Jaringan Aktor Dalam Kebijakan Penanganan Covid-19 Di Indonesia. Journal Publicuho, 3(4), 491.

Saubani, A. (2020, February 17). Kelakar Menhub: Kita Kebal Corona karena Doyan Nasi Kucing. Republika Online.

Shaw, R., Kim, Y. kyun, & Hua, J. (2020). Governance, technology and citizen behavior in pandemic: Lessons from COVID-19 in East Asia. Progress in Disaster Science, 6, 100090.

Shimizu, K., & Negita, M. (2020). Lessons learned from japan’s response to the first wave of covid-19: A content analysis. Healthcare (Switzerland), 8(4), 1–19.

Sitorus, A. A., & Rahmadi, M. F. (2021). Disinkronisasi Kebijakan Pemerintah Indonesia dalam Penanganan COVID-19. Jurnal Renaissance, 6(1), 721–732.

Suherman, A. (2020). Menyoal Komunikasi Krisis Pemerintah dalam Penanganan Pandemi Covid-19. Buku Litera.

Tashiro, A., & Shaw, R. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic response in Japan: What is behind the initial flattening of the curve? Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(13).

Tuwu, D. (2020). Kebijakan Pemerintah Dalam Penanganan Pandemi Covid-19. Journal Publicuho, 3(2), 267.

Wang, H., Xiong, W., Wu, G., & Zhu, D. (2018). Public–private partnership in Public Administration discipline: a literature review. Public Management Review, 20(2), 293–316. WHO. (2020). Penggunaan Rasional Alat Pelindung Diri untuk Penyakit Coronavirus (COVID-19).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1221 | views : 1073


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Oscar Radyan Danar; Suhartono Winoto; Aulia Puspaning Galih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kawistara is published by the Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada.