Pragmatic Failures Experienced by Jacob in Jodi Picoult’s Novel House Rules

https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v5i2.42100

Riza Suryandari(1*), Adi Sutrisno(2)

(1) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Pragmatic failures are often discussed in the context of cross-cultural studies. However, pragmatic failures have also been evident in other circumstances. People who are diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome, for example, also often experience pragmatic failures, even when they converse with others who come from the same geographical area and share the same culture. This paper examines pragmatic failures produced by Jacob, a character diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS) in Jodi Picoult’s novel House Rules. The data were excerpts taken from the novel that show Jacob’s failures to understand the other speakers. The data were classified into 12 categories of pragmatic failures: sarcasm, idioms, common phrases, metaphors, hyperbole, words with multiple meanings, the maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relation, maxim of manner, joke, and indirect speech acts. The results showed that the most frequent type of pragmatic failures that Jacob produces in the novel is the infringement of the maxim of relation. In other words, Jacob often produces irrelevant utterances.

Keywords


pragmatic failure, Asperger Syndrome, House Rules

Full Text:

224-234 PDF


References

A conversation with Jodi Picoult, author of House Rules. (n.d.). In Simon and Schuster. Retrieved September 20, 2017, from : http://www.simonandschuster.com/authors/Jodi-picoult/16352174/interviews/house-rules-qa/148.

Attwood, T. (2007). The complete guide to Asperger's Syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Can. (2018). In Cambridge Dictionary. Retrieved from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/can.

Colle, L., Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., & Lely, H. K. (2007). Narrative discourse in adults with High-Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 28-40. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0357-5.

Cutting, J. (2002). Pragmatics and Discourse. New York, New York: Routledge.

Dennis, M., Lazenby, A. L. & Lockyer, L. (2001). Inferential language in high-function children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31(1), 47-54.

Dewanti, H. (2014). A Psycholinguistic snalysis of verbal and non-verbal language problems of an individual with Asperger Syndrome in the movie Adam. Unpublished un dergraduate thesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Retrieved December 17, 2016, from https://eprints.uny.ac.id/19408/1/Fitria%20Nur%20Kiswandari%2009211144022.pdf.

Frith, U. (2001). Mind blindness and the brain in autism. Neuron, 32, 969-979.

Gold , R., Faust , M. & Goldstein, A. (2010). Semantic integration during metaphor comprehension in Asperger syndrome. Brain & Language, 113, 124-234.

Grice, P. (1975). Logic and conversation. In Cole, P. & J. Morgan (eds.), Syntax and semantics. 3: Speech acts. New York: Academic Press, 41–58.

Humaira’, S. A. (2015). Pragmatic deficits of Asperger Syndrome. Lingua 10(1), 39-44.

Pragmatic impairment of Asperger Syndrome character in Temple Grandin Movie. Unpublished undergraduate thesis. Malang: State Islamic University of Malang. Retrieved November 10, 2017.

How are Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism different? (2010). In Autism Speaks Inc. Retrieved August 31, 2017, from https://www.autismspeaks.org/family-services/tool-kits/asperger-syndrome-and-high-functioning-autism-tool-kit/how-are-as-and-hfa-dif.

Landa, R. (2000). Social Language Use in Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism. In A. Klin, F. R. Volkmar, & S. S. Sparrow (Eds.), Asperger Syndrome (pp. 125-155). New York: The Guilford Press. Retrieved December 1, 2016.

Loukusa, S. (2007). The use of context in pragmatic language comprehension in normally developing children and children with Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism: An application of relevance theory. Oulu: University of Oulu. Retrieved April 17, 2017, from http://jultika.oulu.fi/files/isbn9789514285783.pdf.

Loukusa, S., Leinonen, E., Kuusikko, S., Jussila, K., Mattila, M., Ryder, N., Ebeling, H., Moilanen, I. (2007). Use of context in pragmatic language comprehension by children with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 37(6), 1049-1059.

Lyons, V., & Fitzgerald, M. (2004). Humor in Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(5), 521-531.

Picoult, J. (2010). House Rules. New York: Atria International.

Reynolds, R. E., & Ortony, A. (1980). Some issues in the measurement of children’s comprehension of metaphorical language. Child Development, 51(4), 1110-1119.

Semino, E. (2014). Pragmatic failure, mind style and characterisation in fiction about autism. Language and Literature, 23(2), 141-158. doi:10.1177/0963947014526312.

Subject. (2018). In English Oxford living dictionaries. Retrieved from https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/subject.

Thomas, J. (1982). Cross-Cultural Pragmatic Failure. Applied Linguistics, 4(2), 91-112.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v5i2.42100

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 903 | views : 1621

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Riza Suryandari, Adi Sutrisno

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Lexicon Office

English Department
Faculty of Cultural Sciences,
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Soegondo Building, 3rd Floor, Room 306
Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
Telephone: +62 274 513096
Email: lexicon.fib@ugm.ac.id

ISSN: 2746-2668 (Online)

Web Analytics View Stats

Creative Commons License
LEXICON is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lexicon is indexed in


About UsSubmissionIssuePoliciesReview