Relationship of Family Function to the Quality of Life of Persons with Disabilities

https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.33915

Budi Susanti(1*), Mora Claramita(2), Wahyudi Istiono(3)

(1) Puskesmas Seborokrapyak; Indonesia
(2) Department of Family Medicine and Community; Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing; Universitas Gadjah Mada; Indonesia
(3) Department of Family Medicine and Community; Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing; Universitas Gadjah Mada; Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: People with disabilities are often referred to as disabled people, and regarded as unproductive members of society, unable to perform their duties and responsibilities so that their rights are sometimes not protected and violated. The number of persons with disabilities is about 15% of the world population, with 2.45% in Central Java and 0.75% in Purworejo Regency. Many people with disabilities need family attention. As a direct result, family has an important role in improving the quality of life of persons with disabilities. Assessment of family function using the family APGAR score and the quality of life of persons with disabilities using the WHOQOL-BREF instrument can be performed by most family doctors. Objective: This research aimed to determine the relationship of family function in people with disabilities using Family APGAR scores and quality of life using the WHOQOL-BREF instrument. Methods: This research was a quantitative analytical study with a cross-sectional design. Out of a total of 535 people with disabilities as research subjects and respondents, 190 people were excluded and 345 respondents were included. Statistical analysis used Spearman correlation tests to determine the relationship between the quality of family function and quality of life. Data processing used the Syntax program with significance set as p<0.05. Results: Data collection in 29 villages that became the locations of the study obtained 345 samples. Statistical analysis results showed significant associations of APGAR score, sex and age with WHOQOL-BREF measurement (p=0.00). The family function had a significant relationship with the quality of life in the domain of social and environmental relations. Conclusion: There is a relationship between family function and the quality of life of persons with disabilities in the domain of social and environmental relations.


Keywords


Family APGAR; WHOQOL-BREF instrument; people with disability

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.33915

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