Primary Care Entrepreneurship to Anticipate Disruptive Era of the 4th Industrial Revolution

Erfen Gustiawan Suwangto(1*)

(1) Department of Medical Ethics, Law, and Primary Care; Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya; Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is the fourth major industrial era since the initial Industrial Revolution of the 18th century. It is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres collectively referred to as cyber-physical systems1. It is marked by emerging technology breakthroughs in a number of fields, including robotics, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, the Internet of Things, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), fifth-generation wireless technologies (5G), additive manufacturing/3D printing and fully autonomous vehicles.........

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