Family Support Relationship with The Rate of Schizophrenia Patients in Puskesmas Rongkop District Gunungkidul Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.46107

Joko Subandono(1*), Adi Heru Sutomo(2), Carla R. Marchira(3)

(1) Puskesmas Rongkop
(2) Department of Family Medicine, Community and Bioethics, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Family Medicine, Community and Bioethics, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: According to the result of Basic Health Research 2013 in Gunungkidul Regency, the prevalence of the serious mental disorders is 2.05 per mil, with the average in the Province of Yogyakarta of 2.70 per mil, where Gunungkidul Regency is categorized high. Visits of schizophrenics in the work area of Public Health Center/Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat (Puskesmas) Rongkop rank to 8, and this shows the number of people with serious mental disorders is high. Most cases of mental disorders are found in the Petir Village, which is 37 people, spread in all hamlets. This public health concern needs family and community support so that the patients can re-socialize with their community.

Objectives: This research was aimed to determine the relationship between family support and recurrence of schizophrenia, the level of family support for schizophrenia and the recurrence rate of schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta.

Methods: Population in this research includes families who have experienced schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop located in Petir Village, Rongkop, Gunungkidul. The samples were taken by including 37 respondents of total sampling. The analysis of hypothesis testing of collected data was made by using the Spearmen Rho correlation test aided by SPSS 16.00 program.

Results: Family support for patients with schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta is 35.13% in the medium category. The recurrence rate of schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta is 62.16% in the low category. There is a positive and significant correlation between family support and recurrence of schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta with correlation coefficient 0.649 with 1% significance level.

Conclusions: Family support for patients with schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta is in the medium category. The recurrence rate of schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta is in a low category. There is a positive and significant correlation between family support relationship with recurrence of schizophrenia in the work area of Puskesmas Rongkop Gunungkidul Yogyakarta.

Keywords


support; recurrence; schizophrenia

Full Text:

PDF


References

Data and Information Centre. Health profile of Indonesia 2006. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2006.

Krug EG, Mercy JA, Dahlberg LL, Zwi AB. The world report on violence and health. The Lancet. 2002 Oct 5; 360(9339):1083-8.

Republic of Indonesia. Act number 18/2014 about mental health. State Gazette of Republic of Indonesia. 2014(5517).

World Health Organization. ICD-10: international statistical classification of deseases and related health problems. InICD-10: international statistical classification of deseases and related health problems. Geneva: WHO; 1993.

Health Research and Development Agency. Basic health research 2013. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2013.

Puskesmas Rongkop. Data on the top 10 diseases of patient visits at the general polyclinic of the Puskesmas Rongkop in 2015. Gunungkidul: Puskesmas Rongkop; 2015.

Sutomo AH, Fitriana F. Idea on the clinical services of primary care physicians. Review of Primary Care Practice and Education (Kajian Praktik dan Pendidikan Layanan Primer).; 1(3):99-102.

Marchira CR, KJ S. The influence of brief interactive psychoeducation intervention about schizophrenia on caregiver knowledge, treatment, and health in patients of initial phase psychotic disorders in Jogjakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada).

Purwanta. Effect of social support on schizophrenia recurrence in dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. 2007.

Aji W. The role of health services in preventing recurrence in schizophrenic patients (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada).

Wuryaningsih EW, Hamid AY. Phenomenology study: family experience to prevent recurrence of patient violence behavior after mental hospital hospitalization. Mental Nursing Journal. 2013; 1(2).

Erlina S, Pramono D. Contributed factors to the emergence of schizophrenia in outpatients at Prof. Mental Hospital HB Saanin Padang West Sumatra. Public Medical News. 2010; 26(2).

Hamilton JB, Sandelowski M. Types of social support in African Americans with cancer. In Oncology Nursing Forum 2004 Jul 1 (Vol. 31, No. 4).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.46107

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 421 | views : 299

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Joko Subandono, Adi Heru Sutomo, Carla R. Marchira

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Web
AnalyticsView My Stats