Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors
Indonesian Journal of Biomedicine and Clinical Sciences/InaJBCS is an international, open-access, and double-blind peer-reviewed journal, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of original research articles, reviews articles, case reports, and book reviews in all area of medical sciences from basic to clinical sciences.

Submission of papers
Submissions to the InaJBCS should be through its online submission system.
The basic requirements for articles submitted to the InaJBCS are:

  1. Original work;
  2. Have not been previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere and if accepted will not be published elsewhere;
  3. Should have obtained approval from the Ethics Committee;
  4. Must obtain signed informed consent from subjects for articles involving human subjects.

Human and animal rights
If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed.

Informed consent
Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions, and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the InaJBCS on request. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

Referee suggestions
In the cover letter, authors should suggest names and addresses (including e-mail) of at least three experts in the field for evaluation of the article. The choice of referees will however remain with the editorial board.

InaJBCS will publish the articles in English. Editors encourage authors to submit their articles in English.

Articles should be neatly typed (Times New Roman, 12), double-spaced in A4 format with 2.5 cm on all margins. Receipt of papers will be acknowledged. Authors will be informed of the referee's comments.

Article types
Three types of articles may be submitted: a) Original research article (maximum: 25 pages, 35 references); b) Review article (maximum: 40 pages, 100 references); c) Case Report article (maximum: 10 pages, 20 references)

Proofs and Reprints
Proofs of a manuscript will be sent to the author for approval prior to publication. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made to the manuscript at the proof stage. Corrections should be returned to the Editor within one week.

Authors hold the copyright without restrictions.
Authors retain publishing rights without restrictions.

The format of the typescript should be as follows:
a. Title and authors: The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the article. The Title Page should include the author’s full name and affiliations. The name of the corresponding author should be indicated with postal address, phone, fax, and e-mail information.
b. Abstract: All articles should be provided with an Abstract of between 200-300 words. The Abstract should be written in simple language and should highlight the objectives of the study, methodology, major findings, and conclusions. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.
c. Keywords: A maximum of 5 keywords must be given at the end of the Abstract.
d. Introduction: The Introduction should provide the problem statement clearly, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.
e. Materials and methods: The Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. Previously published research procedures should be cited, and important modifications of it should be mentioned briefly. If the research conducted involved the use of human subjects or animal laboratories, it should be stated if clearance from the Research Ethics Committee was obtained. The Editor may request a copy of the clearance document or informed consent form for verification.
f. Results: The Results should be presented with clarity and precision and explained without referring to the literature. The original and important findings should be stated. The Results should be illustrated with figures or tables where necessary but these should be kept to the minimum. Discussion, speculation, and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in The Results but should be put into the Discussion section.
g. Discussion: The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained against the background of existing knowledge. The Discussion should highlight what is new in the paper. Any assumption on which conclusions are made must be stated clearly.
h. Conclusions: State the Conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
i. Acknowledgments: The Acknowledgments should be presented at the end of the text and before the references. Technical assistance, financial support, and advice may be acknowledged.
j. Tables: The Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Each table should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text.
k. Figure: The Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high-resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG, or PowerPoint before pasting them into the Microsoft Word manuscript file. The Figures should be constructed in such a manner that they can be understood without reading the text. Appropriate symbols should be used on graphs and explained in the legends. Graphs should not duplicate results presented in tables. The title and comments of the figures and photographs should be provided on a separate page using MS Word.
l. References: References should in general be limited to the last decade. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references by Arabic number as superscript in order of appearance. A number must be used even if the author(s) is named in the text. The original number assigned to the reference is reused each time the reference is cited in the text, regardless of its previous position in the text. For example :
.......... it has been reported1 ..........
.......... according to Sadjito2 ..........
.......... Winstein & Swartz3 conducted ..........
.......... by Avon et al.4 ..........

Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references. References should be listed numerically (Vancouver style) at the end of the text and in the same order that they have been cited in the text. For citation references with six or fewer authors, all authors should be listed, when seven or more authors only the first three authors should be listed followed by et al. Journal names are abbreviated according to Index Medicus and Index of Indonesia Learned Periodicals (PDIN 1974). References to journal articles, books, chapters in books, theses, etc. should be listed as given in Sample References.

Sample References

Scientific Journal
Standard journal article
Zeng Q, Saghafinia S, Chryplewicz A, Fournier N, Christe L, Xie YQ, et al. Aberrant hyperexpression of the RNA binding protein FMRP in tumors mediates immune evasion. Science. 2022;378(6621):eabl7207. doi: 10.1126/science.abl7207.

Organization as author
WHO recommendations on induction of labour, at or beyond term. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2022. PMID: 36279382.

No author given
No Author. Chapitre 1 : Évaluation et gestion des risques chez les femmes ménopausées. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2019;41 Suppl 1:S36-S48. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2019.02.140. PMID: 31151566.

Author not in English
Dacal E, Köster PC, Carmena D. Diagnóstico molecular de parasitosis intestinales. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed). 2020;38 Suppl 1:24-31. English, Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.eimc.2020.02.005. PMID: 32111362.

Volume with suplement
Hashim PW, Chen T, Rigel D, Bhatia N, Kircik LH. Actinic Keratosis: Current Therapies and Insights Into New Treatments. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019;18(5):s161-166.. PMID: 31141862.

Issue with supplement
Birn AE, Krementsov N. 'Socialising' primary care? The Soviet Union, WHO and the 1978 Alma-Ata Conference. BMJ Glob Health. 2018;3(Suppl 3):e000992. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000992. PMID: 30498594; PMCID: PMC6242026.

Volume with part
Cornes MP, Atherton J, Pourmahram G, Borthwick H, Kyle B, West J, et al. Monitoring and reporting of preanalytical errors in laboratory medicine: the UK situation. Ann Clin Biochem. 2016;53(Pt 2):279-84. doi: 10.1177/0004563215599561. Epub 2015. PMID: 26195485.

Issue with part
Trivedi P, Jordan G, Ho PM. Leveraging value-based payment models to reduce health inequities in radiology. J Am Coll Radiol. 2022;19(1 Pt B):143-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2021.09.021. PMID: 35033302.

No issue or volume
Talih M, Irimata KE, Zhang G, Parker JD. Evaluation of the national center for health statistics data presentation standards for rates from vital statistics and sample surveys. Vital Health Stat 1. 2023;(198):1-30. PMID: 36940136.

Pagination in Roman numerals
Martinez SF. Foreword. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2021;32(3):xi-xii. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2021.05.002. PMID: 34175018.

Type article indicated as needed
Enzensberger W, Fischer PA. Metronome in Parkinson's disease [letter]. Lancet 1996;347:1337.

Article containing retraction
Retraction: Role of oxidative stress in retinitis pigmentosa: new involved pathways by an RNA-Seq analysis. Cell Cycle. 2020;19(2):256. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2019.1702311. Epub 2019. PMID: 31829772; PMCID: PMC6961676.

Article retracted
Evidence-Based Complementary And Alternative Medicine. Retracted: Mechanism of Hepatoprotective Effect of Boesenbergia rotunda in Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Damage in Rats. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018;2018:1072403. doi: 10.1155/2018/1072403. PMID: 30108643; PMCID: PMC6077507.

Article containing comment
Ferretti G. Comment on Poole et al (2022) review on oxygen flux from capillaries to mitochondria. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2022;122(1):5-6. doi: 10.1007/s00421-021-04872-5. Epub 2021. PMID: 34921605.

Article with published erretur
Erratum. Lang Speech. 2021:238309211050196. doi: 10.1177/00238309211050196. Epub ahead of print. Erratum for: Lang Speech. 2021;23830921998723. PMID: 34736343.

Books and Other Monograph
Personal author(s)
Brown KL, Pagel C, Ridout D, Wray J, Tsang VT, Anderson D, et al. Early morbidities following paediatric cardiac surgery: a mixed-methods study. Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2020. PMID: 32692510.

Editor(s) as author
Rothe C. Clinical Cases in Tropical Medicine, 2nd Edition. Germany: LMU University, Munich; 2020.

Organization(s) as author
National Guideline Centre (UK). Surgery: Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome and obesity hypoventilation syndrome in over 16s: Evidence review J. London: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE); 2021. PMID: 34613682.

Chapter in a book
Maeshima S, Osawa A. Memory Impairment Due to Stroke. In: Dehkharghani S, editor. Stroke [Internet]. Brisbane (AU): Exon Publications; 2021. Chapter 6. PMID: 34279883.

Conference proceedings
Anderson HV, Bersin RM, Abbott JD, Aronow HD, Bass TA, Brilakis ES, et al. Clinical Conference Proceedings: 15th Biennial International Andreas Gruentzig Society Meeting. J Invasive Cardiol. 2019;31(6):E98-E132. PMID: 31158808.

Conference paper
Haut ER, Byrne JP, Price MA, Bixby P, Bulger EM, Lake L, et al. Proceedings from the 2022 consensus conference to implement optimal venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2023;94(3):461-468. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000003843. Epub 2022. PMID: 36534056; PMCID: PMC9974764.

Powis R. Relations of reproduction: men, masculinities, and pregnancy in relations of reproduction: men, masculinities, and pregnancy in Dakar, Senegal Dakar, Senegal [dissertation]. St. Louis: Washington Univ; 2020.

Carozzi N, Hargiss T, Koziel MG, Duck NB, Carr B, inventors. Athenix Corporation, assignee. AXMI-008, a delta endotoxin gene and methods for its use. US patent 7,351,881 B2, 2008.

Other Publish Material
Newspaper article
Pelc C,  Sanfins A. Alzheimer's: Blood test may detect 'toxic' protein years before symptoms emerge. Medical News Today. December 8, 2022. Available from:
Health Legislation (Miscellaneous) Amendment Bill 2022, Assented on Thu 24 Mar 2022 - Act No 6 of 2022 (GG No. 155, 8/04/2022, n2022-0627). 2022
British Geological Survey.  Updated radon map for Great Britain published. The UK Health Security Agency and BGS have published an updated radon potential map for Great Britain. 2022

In press
Manemann SM, Chamberlain AM, Bielinski SJ, Jiang R, Weston SA, Roger VL. Predicting Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias in Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation. The American Journal of Medicine. In Press.

Computer program
Flex Databases. (2011). [Computer software].