Antioxidant Level and Sensory of Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus undatus) Peel Tea Infusion Made by Partially Fermented Process



Anjar Ruspita Sari(1*), Ratih Hardiyanti(2)

(1) 
(2) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Dragon fruits are usually consumed by people directly or being processed into juice. Therefore,
the major by-product of dragon fruits is the peel. As by-product, dragon fruit peels have higher
antioxidant level than pulp especially for White Dragon Fruits (Hylocereus undatus). This
research is carried out in order to evaluate the antioxidant level and sensory of dragon fruit
peel tea which produced through a partially fermented process. The objective of this research
is to investigate the effect of withering time and rolling time on antioxidant level and sensory of
dragon fruit peel tea. Withering time varied in 30, 60, and 120 min while the rolling time
varied in 10, 20, and 30 sec. 2, 2, diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) assay showed that radical
scavenging activities of dragon fruit peel tea infusion increased with the longer withering time
and shorter rolling time. Likewise the total phenol content (TPC) assay demonstrated the
amount of phenol increased with the longer withering time and shorter rolling time. There
were found that the dragon fruit peel had 29.58% in proportion compared with the whole fruit
and vitamin C content in the peel higher than that in the pulp. The longer withering time and
shorter rolling time will increase the phenol total content, antioxidant activity, and the
lightness color, but decrease the acidity degree of tea infusions. In addition, the withering time
was 120 min and rolling time was 10 sec had higher Antioxidant activity 41.19% and the total
phenol 55.93 mg/L.

Keywords


Dragon fruit peel tea, antioxidant activity, total phenol content.

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