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Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) is a journal devoted to the publication of original articles in all field of basic, clinical medicine and medical biotechnology.
Journal of the Medical Sciences is the media on research, innovative, ideas and new hypotheses in biosomedicine, both for medical development, education and application. It also welcomes perspectives articles, biosomedical hystory abriged articles, and reviews.
Statements and opinions expressed in the articles herein are those of author(s) responsibility and not necessary those of the Editor(s), the Faculty of Medicine, or Gadjah Mada University.
Journal of the Medical Sciences is publised quarterly (in January, April, July, and October) by the Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University.

Submission of papers
Articles shoul be submitted in both hard copy and soft copy forms or in elctronic form through e-mails as attachment to: The Editor-in-Chief, Journal of the Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Phone: 62-274-547490, Fax: 62-274-547490, E-mail:
Basic requirements for articles submitted to Journal of the Medicinal Sciences are: a) original work; b) have not been previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere and if accepted will not be published elsewhere; c) should have obtained approval from the Ethics Committee; d) must obtained signed informed consent from subjects for articles involving human subjects.

Human and animal rights

If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed.

There is no article processing charge (APC) and article submission charge.

Informed consent 

Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) on request. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

Referee suggestions
In the covering letter, authors should suggest names and addresses (including e-mail) of at least three experts in the field for evaluation of article. The choice of referees will however remain with the editorial board.
Journal of the Medical Sciences will published the articles in English. Editors encourage authors to submit their articles in English.
Articles should be neatly typed (Times New Roman, 12), double-spaced on A4 format with 2.5 cm on all margins. Receipt of papers will be acknowledged. Authors will be informed of the referee's comments.
Article types
Three types of articles may be submitted: a) Original research article (maximum: 25 pages, 35 references); b) Review article (maximum: 40 pages, 100 references); c) Case Report article (maximum: 10 pages, 20 references)
Proofs and Reprints
Proofs of manuscript will be sent to the author for approval prior to publication. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Corrections should be returned to the Editor within one week. Authors of accepted article will receive 10 free off prints of their article and can place order for additional off prints or hard copy of the journal after the acceptance of the articles.
Authors hold the copyright without restrictions.

Authors retain publishing right without restrictions.

The format of the typescript should be as follows:
a. Title and authors: The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the article. The Title Page should include the author’s full names and affiliations. The name of the corresponding author should be indicated with postal adresse, phone, fax and e-mail information.
b. Abstract: All articles should be provided with an Abstract of between not 200-300 words. The Abstract should be written in simple language and should highlight the objectives of the study, methodology, major findings and conclusions. Standar nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.
c. Keywords: A maximum of 5 keywords must be given at the end of the Abstract.
d. Introduction: The Introduction should provide the problem statement clearly, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.
e. Materials and methods: The Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. Previously published research procedure should be cited, and important modifications of it should be mentioned briefly. If the research conducted involved the use of human subjects or animal laboratory, it should be stated if clearance from the Research Ethics Committee was obtained. The Editor may request a copy of the clearance document or informed consent form for verification.
f. Results: The Results should be presented with clarity and precision and explained without referring to the literature. The original and important findings should be stated. The Results should be illustrated with figures or tables where necessary but these should be kept to the minimum. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in The Results but should be put into the Discussion section.
g. Discussion: The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained against the background of existing knowledge. The Discussion should highlight what is new in the paper. Any assumption on which conclusions are made must be stated clearly.
h. Conclusions: State the Conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
i. Acknowledgments: The Acknowledgments should be presented at the end of the text and before the references. Technical assistance, financial support and advice may be acknowledged.
j. Tables: The Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Each table should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text.
k. Figure: The Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or Powerpoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. The Figures should be constructed in such a manner that they can be understood without reading the text. Appropriate symbols should be used on graphs and explained in the legends. Graphs should not duplicate results presented in tables. Title and comments of the figures and photographs should be provied on separate page using MS Word.
l. References: References should in general be limited to the last decade. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references by Arabic number as superscript in order of appearance. A number must be used even if the author(s) is named in the text. The original nurmber assigned to the reference is reused each time the reference is cited in the text, regarless of its provious position in the text. For example :
.......... it has been reported1 ..........
.......... according Sadjito2 ..........
.......... Winstein & Swartz3 conducted ..........
.......... by Avon et al.4 ..........
Authors are responsible for the accuracy and the completeness of their references. References should be listed numerically (Vancouver style) at the end of the text and in the same order that they have been cited in the text. For citation references with six or less authors, all authors should be listed, when seven or more authors only first three authors should be listed followed by et al. Journal names are abbreviated according to Index Medicus and Index of Indonesia Learned Periodicals (PDIN 1974). References to journal articles, books, chapters in books, theses, etc. should be listed as given in Sample References.

Sample References

Scientific Journal

Standar journal article

Lundmark, Linda. Economic restructuring into tourism in the Swedish mountain range. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. 2005; 5 (1): 23–45.

Organization as author

Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.

No author given

Drug-resistance tuberculosis among the foreign-born in Canada. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2005 Feb 15;31(4):46-52.

21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7537):184.

Author not in English

Calera Rubio AA, Roel Valdes JM, Casal Lareo A, Gadea Merino R, Rodrigo Cencillo F. Riesgo quimico laboral: elementos para un diagnostico en Espana [Occupational chemical risk: elements for a diagnostic in Spain]. Rev Esp Salud Publica. 2005 Mar-Apr;79(2):283-95.

Volume with suplement

Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.

Issue with suplement

Crawford M, Mullan J, Vanderveen T. Technology and safe medication administration. J Infus Nurs. 2005 Mar-Apr;28(2 Suppl):37-41.

Draghici S, Khatri P, Shah A, Tainsky MA. Assessing the functional bias of commercial microarrays using the onto-compare database. Biotechniques. 2003 Mar;Suppl:55-61.

Volume with part

Ozben T, Nacitarhan S, Tuncer N. Plasma and urine sialic acid in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Ann Clin Biochem 1995;32(Pt 3):303-6.

Issue with part

Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, et al.  Development of a large animal  model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.

Issue with no volume

Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.

No issue or volume

Keppel K, Pamuk E, Lynch J, et al. Methodologic issues in measuring health disparities. Vital Health Stat 2. 2005;(141):1-16.

Pagination in roman numerals

Fisher GA, Sikic BI. Drug resistance in clinical oncology and hematology. Introduction. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1995;9(2):xi-xii.

Type article indicated as needed

Enzensberger W, Fischer PA. Metronome in Parkinson's disease [letter]. Lancet 1996;347:1337.

Article containing retraction

Garey CE, Schwarzman AL, Risc ML, Seyfried TN. Ceruloplasmin gene defect associated with epilepsy in EL mice [retraction of Garey CE, Schwarzman AL, Rise ML, Seyfried TN. In: Nat Genet 1994;6:426-31]. Nat Genet 1995;11:104.

Article retracted

Liou GI, Wang M, Matragoon S. Precocious IRBP gene expression during mouse development [retracted in: Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1994;35:3127]. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1994;35:1083-8.

Article containing comment

Piccoli A, Bossatti A. Early steroid therapy in IgA neuropathy: still an open question [comment]. Nephron 1989;51:289-91. Comment on: Nephron 1988;48:12-7.

Article in comment

Kobayashi Y, Fujii K, Hiki Y, Tateno S, Kurokawa A, Kamiyama M. Steroid therapy in IgA nephropathy: a retrospective study in heavy proteinuric cases [see comments]. Nephron 1988;48:12-7. Comment in: Nephron 1989;51:289-91.

Article with published erretur

Hamlin JA, Kahn AM. Herniography in symptomatic patients following inguinal hernia repair [published erratum in: West J Med 1995;162:278]. West J Med 1995;162:28-31.

Books and Other Monograf

Personal author(s)

MacDonald, R.G. Biochemistry. New York, NY: McGraw Hill. 2007

James, C., Cameron, P. D., Smith, Y. N., Hawthorne, H., & Cushing, S., M. The sociological theory of people and placesNew York, NY: Oxford University Press. 2005.

Editor(s) as author

Barone MA, ed. The Harriet Lane handbook: a manual for pediatric house officers. 14th ed. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book; 1996.

Organization(s) as author

American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC. 2009.

Chapter in a book

Ansel  HC. Pharmaceutical measurement. 13th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. Chapter 3: Pharmaceutical measurement; p.35-47

Conference proceedings

Bruhat M, Silva Carvalho JL, Campo R, et al, eds. Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy; 2001 Nov 22-24; Lisbon, Portugal. Bologna (Italy): Monduzzi Editore, International Proceedings Division; 2001.

Luca J, Tarricone P. Does emotional intelligence affect successful teamwork? In: Kennedy G, Keppell M,  McNaught C, et al, eds. Meeting at the Cossroads: Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, 2001 Dec 9-12; Melbourne: Biomedical Multimedia Unit, The University of Melbourne; 2001.p.367-76.

Conference paper

Armstrong, D. B., Fogarty, G. J., & Dingsdag, D. Scales measuring characteristics of small business information systems. In W-G. Tan (Ed.), Proceedings of Research, Relevance and Rigour: Coming of age: 18th Australasian Conference on Information Systems. Toowoomba, Australia: University of Southern Queensland, 2007. 163-171.

Scientific or technical report

DSE. Growth stages and tolerable fire intervals for Victoria’s native vegetation data sets. Fire and adaptive management, The State of Victoria Department of Sustainability and Environment, Melbourne;  2010, Report no. 84

Smith P, Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas: Dept of Health and Human Services, Office of Evaluation and Inspections; 1994 Oct. Report No. HHSIGOEI69200860.


Kaplan SJ. Post-hospital home health care: the elderly's access and utilization [dissertation]. St. Louis: Washington Univ; 1995.

Knight, K.A. Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media [Doctoral dissertation]. Retrieved from MLA International Bibliography Database, 2011


Carozzi N, Hargiss T,Koziel MG,Duck NB, Carr B, inventors. Athenix Corporation, assignee. AXMI-008, a delta endotoxin gene and methods for it use. US patent 7,351,881 B2, 2008 Apr 1.

Other Publish Material

Newspaper article

Harris G. FDA orders recall of intravenous pumps. New York Times (Washington Final). 2005 Jun 22;Sect. A:12 (col. 1).

Carey B. Psychiatrists revise the book of human troubles. New York Times [newspaper on the Internet]. 2008 Dec 17 [cited 2008 Dec 19];Health:[about 3 p.]. Available from:

Audiovisual material

Carlson J. Depression [videocassette]. VandenBos GR, producer. Washington: American Psychological Association; 2005.

Legal material

Preventive Health Amendments of 1993, Pub L No. 103-183, 107 Stat 2226 (Dec 14, 1993).


British geological survey. Chester and North Wales. Landranger series, 2006.

Dictionary or Encyclopedia

Jejunum. In Merriam-Webster's dictionary. 11th ed. Springfield, 2003: 671

Classic material

Austen, J. Pride and prejudice. New York, NY: Barnes & Noble Vlassic, 2003

In press

Linz, S.J, & Sturm, B.A. Facilitating social integration of people with severe mental illness served by Accertive Community Treatment. Archives of psychiatric nursing. In press

Electronic Material

Journal article in the internet

Larsen, James E. and Blair, John P. The importance of police performance as a determinant of satisfaction with police. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration [serial online] 2009;1 (1): 1-10. [cited 2010 Sept 29]available from: URL:

Sengupta D, Chattopadhyay MK. Metabolism in bacteria at low termperature: a recent report. J Biosci [journal on the Internet]. 2013 Jun [cited 2013 Aug 23];38(2):409-12. Available from:

Monograph in electronic format

CDI, clinical dermatology illustrated [CD-ROM]. Reeves JR, Maibach H. CMEA Multimedia Group, producers. 2nd ed. Version 2.0. San Diego: CMEA; 1995.

Computer program

Esolang, A. N. Obsecure Reference Generator [computer software]. Washington, DC: E & K Press; 2014


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. All Authors agree to submit the manuscript to the Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu kedokteran)

Copyright Notice

Creative Commons License
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (IDR)
Authors are not required to pay an Article Submission Fee as part of the submission process to contribute to review costs.

Article Publication: 0.00 (IDR)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will not be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.