Information For Authors

Instructions for Authors
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) is a journal devoted to the publication of original articles in all field of basic, clinical medicine and medical biotechnology.
Journal of the Medical Sciences is the media on research, innovative, ideas and new hypotheses in biosomedicine, both for medical development, education and application. It also welcomes perspectives articles, biosomedical hystory abriged articles, and reviews.
Statements and opinions expressed in the articles herein are those of author(s) responsibility and not necessary those of the Editor(s), the Faculty of Medicine, or Gadjah Mada University.
Journal of the Medical Sciences is publised quarterly (in March, June, September, and December) by the Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University.

Submission of papers
Articles shoul be submitted in both hard copy and soft copy forms or in elctronic form through e-mails as attachment to: The Editor-in-Chief, Journal of the Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Phone: 62-274-547490, Fax: 62-274-547490, E-mail:
Basic requirements for articles submitted to Journal of the Medicinal Sciences are: a) original work; b) have not been previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere and if accepted will not be published elsewhere; c) should have obtained approval from the Ethics Committee; d) must obtained signed informed consent from subjects for articles involving human subjects.

Human and animal rights

If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed.

There is no article processing charge (APC) and article submission charge.

Informed consent 

Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals. Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to the Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) on request. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

Referee suggestions
In the covering letter, authors should suggest names and addresses (including e-mail) of at least three experts in the field for evaluation of article. The choice of referees will however remain with the editorial board.
Journal of the Medical Sciences will published the articles in English. Editors encourage authors to submit their articles in English.
Articles should be neatly typed (Times New Roman, 12), double-spaced on A4 format with 2.5 cm on all margins. Receipt of papers will be acknowledged. Authors will be informed of the referee's comments.
Article types
Three types of articles may be submitted: a) Original research article (maximum: 25 pages, 35 references); b) Review article (maximum: 40 pages, 100 references); c) Case Report article (maximum: 10 pages, 20 references)
Proofs and Reprints
Proofs of manuscript will be sent to the author for approval prior to publication. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Corrections should be returned to the Editor within one week. Authors of accepted article will receive 10 free off prints of their article and can place order for additional off prints or hard copy of the journal after the acceptance of the articles.
Submission of a article for publication implies the transfer of the copyright from the author(s) to the publisher upon acceptance. Accepted articles become the permanent property of Journal of the Medical Sciences and may not be reproduced by any means without the written consent of the Editor-in-Chief.
Manuscript preparation
The format of the typescript should be as follows:
a. Title and authors: The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the article. The Title Page should include the author’s full names and affiliations. The name of the corresponding author should be indicated with postal adresse, phone, fax and e-mail information.
b. Abstract: All articles should be provided with an Abstract of between not 200-300 words. The Abstract should be written in simple language and should highlight the objectives of the study, methodology, major findings and conclusions. Standar nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided.
c. Keywords: A maximum of 5 keywords must be given at the end of the Abstract.
d. Introduction: The Introduction should provide the problem statement clearly, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.
e. Materials and methods: The Materials and Methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. Previously published research procedure should be cited, and important modifications of it should be mentioned briefly. If the research conducted involved the use of human subjects or animal laboratory, it should be stated if clearance from the Research Ethics Committee was obtained. The Editor may request a copy of the clearance document or informed consent form for verification.
f. Results: The Results should be presented with clarity and precision and explained without referring to the literature. The original and important findings should be stated. The Results should be illustrated with figures or tables where necessary but these should be kept to the minimum. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in The Results but should be put into the Discussion section.
g. Discussion: The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained against the background of existing knowledge. The Discussion should highlight what is new in the paper. Any assumption on which conclusions are made must be stated clearly.
h. Conclusions: State the Conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
i. Acknowledgments: The Acknowledgments should be presented at the end of the text and before the references. Technical assistance, financial support and advice may be acknowledged.
j. Tables: The Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Each table should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text.
k. Figure: The Figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or Powerpoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. The Figures should be constructed in such a manner that they can be understood without reading the text. Appropriate symbols should be used on graphs and explained in the legends. Graphs should not duplicate results presented in tables. Title and comments of the figures and photographs should be provied on separate page using MS Word.
l. References: References should in general be limited to the last decade. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references by Arabic number as superscript in order of appearance. A number must be used even if the author(s) is named in the text. The original nurmber assigned to the reference is reused each time the reference is cited in the text, regarless of its provious position in the text. For example :
.......... it has been reported1 ..........
.......... according Sadjito2 ..........
.......... Winstein & Swartz3 conducted ..........
.......... by Avon et al.4 ..........
Authors are responsible for the accuracy and the completeness of their references. References should be listed numerically (Vancouver style) at the end of the text and in the same order that they have been cited in the text. For citation references with six or less authors, all authors should be listed, when seven or more authors only first three authors should be listed followed by et al. Journal names are abbreviated according to Index Medicus and Index of Indonesia Learned Periodicals (PDIN 1974). References to journal articles, books, chapters in books, theses, etc. should be listed as given in Sample References.
Sample References
Scientific Journal
1. Standard journal article
You CH, Lee KY, Chey RY, Menguy R. Electrogastrographic study of patients with unexplained nausea, bloating and vomiting. Gastroenterology 1980; 79(2):311-14.
Goate AM, Haynes AR, Owen MJ, Farral M, James LA, Lai LY, et al. Predisposing locus for Alzheimer's disease on chromosome 21. Lancet 1989;1:352-55.
2. Organization as author
The Royal Marsden Hospital Bone-marrow Transplantation. Team. Failure of syngeneic bone-marrow graft without preconditioning in post-hepatitis marrow aplasia. Lancet 1977;2:742-44.
3. No author given
Coffee drinking and cancer of the pancreas [editorial]. BMJ 1981;283-628.
4. Article not in English
Massone L, Borghi S, Pestarino A, Piccini R, Gambini C. Localisations palmaires purpuriques de la dermatite herpetiforme. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1987;114:1545-47.
5. Volume with supplement
Magni F, Rossoni G, Berti F, BN-52021 protects guinea-pig from heart anaphylaxis. Pharmacol Res Commun 1988;20 Suppl 5:75-78.
6. Issue with supplement
Gardos G, Cole JO, Haskell D, Marby D, Paine SS, Moore P. The natural history of tardive dyskinesia. J Clin Psychopharmacol 1988;8(4 Suppl):31S-37S.
7. Volume with part
Hanly C. Metaphysics and innateness: a psychoanalytic perspective.Int J Psychoanal 1988;69(Pt 3):389-99.
8. Issue with part
Edwards L, Meyskens F, Levine N. Effect of oral isotretinoin on dysplastic nevi. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989;20(2 Pt 1):257-60.
9. Issue with no volume
Baumeister AA. Origins and control of stereotyped movements. Monogr Am Assoc Ment Defic 1978; (3):353-84.
10. No issue or volume
Danoek K. Skiing in and through the history of medicine. Nord Midicinhist Arsb 1982;86-100.
11. Pagination in roman numerals
Ronne Y. Ansvarfall. Bloodtransfusion till fel patients.
Vard-facket 1989;13:XXVI-XXVII.
12. Type of article indicated as needed
Spargo PM, Manners JM, DDAVP and open heart surgery [letter]. Anaesthesia 1989;44:363-64.
Fuhrman SA, Joiner KA. Binding of the third component of complement C3 by Toxoplasma gondii [abstract]. Clin Res 1987;35:475A.
13. Article containing retraction
Shishido A. Retraction notice: Effect of platinum compounds on murine lymphocyte mitogenesis [Retraction of Alsabti EA, Ghalib ON, Salem MH. In: Jpn J Med Sci Biol 1979;32:53-65). Jpn J Med Sci Biol 1980;33:235-37.
14. Article retracted
Alsabti EA, Ghalib ON, Salem Mh. Effect of platinum compounds on murine lymphocyte mitogenesis [Retracted by Shishido A. In: Jpn J Med Sci Biol 1980;33:235-7]. Jpn J Med Sci Biol 1979;32:53-65.
15. Article containing comment
Piccoli A, Bossatti A. Early steroid therapy in IgA neuropathy: still open question [comment]. Nephron 1989;51:289-91.
16. Article in comment
Kobayashi Y, Fujii K, Hiki Y, Tateno S, Kurokawa A, Kamiyama M. Steroid therapy in IgA nephropathy: a retrospective study in heavy proteinuric cases [see comments]. Nephron 1988;48:12-7. Comment in: Nephron 1989;51:289-91.
17. Article with published erratum
Schofield A. The CAGE questionnaire and psychological health [published erratum appears in Br J Addict 1989;84:701]. Br J Addict 1988;83:761-64.
Books and Other Monographs
18. Personal author(s)
Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports injuries and their treatment. 2nd rev. ed. London: S. Paul, 1986.
19. Editor(s) as author
Diener HC, Wilkinson M, editors. Drug-induced headache. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1988.
20. Organization(s) as author
Virginia Law Foundation. The medical and legal implications of AIDS. Charlottesville: The Foundation, 1987.
21. Chapter in a book
Winstein L, Swartz MN. Pathologic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, editors. Pathologic Physiology, mechanisms of disease. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1974:457-72.
22. Conference proceedings
Vivian VL, editor. Child abuse and neglect: a medical community response. Proceedings of the First AMA National Conference or Child Abuse and Neglect; 1984 Ma 30-31; Chicago. Chicago: American Medical Association, 1985.
23. Conference paper
Harley NH. Comparing radon daughter dosimetric and risk models. In:Gammage RB, Kaye SV, editors. Indoor air and human health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 1984 Oct 29-31; Knoxville (TN). Chelsea (MI):Lewis, 1985:69-78
24. Scientific or technical report
Akutsu T. Total heart replacement device. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health. National Heart and Lung Institute; 1974 Apr. Report No.:NIH-NIHI-69-2185-4.
Disertasi Youssef NM. School adjustment of children with congenital heart disease [dissertation]. Pittsburg (PA): Univ. of Pittsburg, 1988.
25. Dissertation
Kay JG. Intracellular cytokine trafficking and phagocytosis in macrophages [Dissertaiton]. St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland; 2007.
26. Patent
Harred JF, Knight AR, McIntyre JS, inventors. Dow Chemical Company, assignee. Epoxidation process. US patent 3,654,317, 1972 Apr 4.
Other Published Material
27. Newspaper article
Resberger B, Specter B. CFCs may be destroyed by natural process. The Washington Post 1989 Aug 7;Sect. A:2(col. 5).
28. Audiovisual material
AIDS epidemic: the physician’s role [videorecording]. Cleveland (OH): Academy of Medicine of Cleveland, 1987.
29. Computer program
Renal system [computer program]. MS-DOS version. Edwardsville (KS): Medi-Sim, 1988.
30. Legal material
Toxic Substances Control Act: Hearing on S. 776 Before the Subcomm. on the Environment of the Senate Comm. on Commerce, 94th Cong., 1st Sess. 343(1975).
31. Map
Scotland [topographic map]. Washington: National Geographic Society (US), 1981.
32. Dictionary or Encyclopaedia
Ectasia. Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 27th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1988: 527.
33. Classic material
The Winter's Tale: act 5, scene I, lines 13-16. The complete works of William Shakespeare. London: Rex, 1973.
34. In press
Lillywhite HB, Donald JA. Pulmonary blood flow regulation in an aquatic snake. Science. In press.
Electronic Material
35. Journal articel in the internet
Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1996 Jun 5];1(1):[24 screens]. Available from: URL:
36. Monograph in electronic format
CDI, clinical dermatology illustrated [monograph on CD-ROM]. Reeves JRT, Maibach H. CMEA Multimedia Group, producers. 2nd ed. Version 2.0 San Diego: CMEA; 1995.
37. Computer program
Hemodynamics III: the ups and downs of hemodynamics [computer program]. Version 2.2. Orlando (FL): Computerized Educational System; 1993.