The influence of proton pump inhibitors on the effect of clopidogrel on the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedSci004702201503

Endang Mahati(1*), Jarir Atthobari(2), . Ngatidjan(3)

(1) Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang,
(2) Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Patients surviving with a stroke have an increased risk for recurrent stroke. Clopidogrel is
widely used to prevent recurrent stroke. However, clopidogrel may cause gastrointestinal
bleeding (GIB). Therefore, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is recommended to reduce the
side effect of clopidogrel. Unfortunately, these both drugs are metabolized in the liver
by the same enzyme i.e. cytochrome P4502C19 (CYP219) that may reduce the effect
of clopidogrel. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of PPIs on the effect
of clopidogrel in the prevention of recurrent stroke. It was a hospital-based case control
study conducted in Bethesda Private Hospital, Yogyakarta involving 392 patients with
recurrent stroke as cases and 784 patients with first-ever stroke as controls. The exposure
of PPIs during clopidogrel therapy on both cases and controls groups were recorded
from prescription records for at least six months before index date. The duration of PPIs
exposure were categorized as current expoure (less than two months before the index
date) and recent exposure (2-6 months before the index date). The result showed there
was no influence of PPIs exposure on the effect of clopidogrel on the risk of recurrent
ischemic stroke (OR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.56-1.79). Moreover, the current use of PPIs and
clopidogrel could decrease the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke (OR: 0.04; 95% CI:
0.01-0.41). In conclusion, there is no association between PPI exposure and the risk of
recurrent stroke in patients receiving clopidogrel.

Keywords


clopidogrel - proton pump inhibitors - recurrent stroke - interaction

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedSci004702201503

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Copyright (c) 2016 Endang Mahati, Jarir Atthobari, . Ngatidjan

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.