Risk Factors for Acute Otitis Media in Children at Dr.Soedono Hospital

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018013

Jeem Yaltafit Abror(1*), Andriani Russy Novita(2), Suwondo Slamet(3)

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Acute otitis media (OMA) was the most common ear infection in children. Because of  Tuba Eustachius was  not developed  yet, shorter and flatter / horizontal   in children so the secretions of   nasopharynx were easier to enter the middle ear. OMA can cause many complications such as subperiosteal abscess to severe complications like meningitis and brain abscess. Epidemiological studies of OMA in developing countries were still rare. The prevalence of OMA was different in many country, ranging from 2.3 - 20%. The result of   study showed that the prevalence of OMA in children in East Jakarta was 5.38%, and the highest prevalence was on group among 2-5 years old. 179 patients analyzed  were 50.8% male and 49.2% female. The mean age of this study subjects was 4.75 years (SD 4.54). 31.3% were diagnosed with OMA. There was no difference in the location of the OMA occurrence between the right and left ear. There was a significant correlation between age factor and the incidence of OMA (p = 0.014) and subjects which under 5 years of old became a risk factor for OMA. The results also showed that there was a correlation between treatment and the incidence of OMA (p = 0.000), ARI patients without treatment was being a risk factor for the incidence of OMA in children. There was no correlation between sex, type factor and health insurance against the occurrence of OMA.


Keywords


Acute otitis media, children, risk factor

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018013

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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