Creatine-kinase concentration of the cerebrospinal fluid in childhood acute bacterial meningitis



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Abstract


Background: Acute bacterial meningitis is one of paediatric emergency cases which results in high morbidity and mortality. Diagnostic procedures using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are often unsatisfactory. A simple and rapid procedure is required for early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess total cerebrospinal fluid creatine-kinase (CSF-CK) level in childhood acute bacterial meningitis and to assess the diagnostic values of CSF-CK level compare with routine CSF analysis (i.e. cell count, morphology, chemical, C reactive protein and culture) which is accepted as diagnostic gold standard for acute meningitis.
Materials and methods: All patients hospitalized in the Pediatric Department Sardjito Hospital for suspected acute bacterial meningitis in July-December 1998, underwent lumbar puncture. The level of CSF-CK and routine analyses were examined for diagnosis acute bacterial meningitis.
Results: Forty five children with suspected meningitis were included in this study. CSF-CK 16 U/I had sensitivity 50%, specificity 80%, positive predictive value 42%, negative predictive value 85% and likelihood ratio 2,75. Mean of CSF-CK in childhood acute bacterial meningitis was 82,84 U/I.
Conclusion : CSF-CK level was not sensitive, but it is a specific diagnostic test for childhood bacterial meningitis.

Key words: acute bacterial meningitis - CK-CSF - diagnostic test





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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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