Effectivity of alkaline water on the clinical improvement in laryngopharyngeal reflux

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedSci005301202101

Muhammad Rizka Yahya(1), Rery Budiarti(2), Dwi Antono(3), . Farokah(4), . Muyassaroh(5*)

(1) Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital Semarang, Indonesia
(2) Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital Semarang, Indonesia
(3) Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital Semarang, Indonesia
(4) Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital Semarang, Indonesia
(5) Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Kariadi Central Hospital Semarang, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is the reflux of gastric acid through the
upper oesophageal sphincter causing mucosal damage of the larynx, the
gastrointestinal tract, and the upper airway. Alkaline water has the ability to
withstand acidic conditions in the body, the formation of carbonic anhydrase,
and reepithelization. This study aimed to investigate the effect of alkaline water
on the clinical improvement in LPR patients. A randomized control trial with
pre-test and post-test control group design on LPR patients aged 18 to 60 y.o.
was conducted at the ENT-HS outpatient clinic of Dr Kariadi Central Hospital,
Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Thirty subjects were recruited and divided
into two group with 15 subjects in each group. In the control group, the subjects
were given standard therapy and mineral water. In the treatment group, the
subjects were given standard therapy and alkaline water. The diagnosis of
LPR was made if the reflux scoring index (RSI) was ≥13, and the reflux finding
score (RFS) was >7. ,After two weeks of intervention, the clinical improvements
were evaluated by reassessing the RSI score. The data were analyzed using
the Shapiro-Wilk test and independent t-test. The results showed that the most
common main complaint was throat clearing [11 subjects (37%)]. Based on the
RSI score, there were clinical improvements in both the control (p <0.001) and
the treatment groups (p <0.001). However, there was no significant difference
in the RSI score before and after the intervention in the control (p = 0.058)
and the treatment groups (p = 0.322). In conclusion,tbe d there is an effect of
alkaline water on the clinical improvement of LPR patients. However, there is
no significant difference in the clinical improvement between the control and
the treatment groups.

Keywords


laryngopharyngeal reflux; alkaline water; clinical improvement

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedSci005301202101

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Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Rizka Yahya, Rery Budiarti, Dwi Antono, . Farokah, . Muyassaroh

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.