Comorbidities of COVID-19 patients associated with mortality at the Baubau Regional Public Hospital, South East Sulawesi

Evi Mustiqawati(1*), Sri Yolandari(2), Ratih Nurwanti(3), Sapril Sapril(4)

(1) Department of Pharmacy, Baubau Polytechnic, South East Sulawesi
(2) Department of Pharmacy, Baubau Polytechnic, South East Sulawesi
(3) Department of Pharmacy, Baubau Polytechnic, South East Sulawesi
(4) Department of Pharmacy, Baubau Polytechnic, South East Sulawesi
(*) Corresponding Author


Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that cause coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic. Until November 30th, 2020, World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed 61,869,330 positive cases with 1,448,896 deaths (CFR 2.3%). Some comorbidities are associated with the COVID-19 mortality. This study aimed to investigate risk factors of the COVID-19 mortality at the Baubau Regional Public Hospital, Sout East Sulawesi. It was a cross-sectional study with a retrospective analysis involving 81 COVID-19 patients. Purposive sampling was applied in this study. Chi-square analysis was conducted to calculate odd ratio (OR). The result showed that in the period from January to September 2021, 30 COVID-19 patients died consisting of 20 male and 10 female. Most of the patients died were >45 yo and only 4 patients died were <45 yo. Among the patients died, 11 patients had hypertension, 12 patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), 4 patients had pulmonary TB and 3 patients had dyspepsia. Further analysis showed that hypertension (OR=6.803; 95%CI: 1.925-24.038; p=0.002) and dyspepsia (OR=0.222; 95%CI: 0.059-0.838; p=0.016) were significantly associated with the COVID-19 mortality, whereas type 2 DM (OR=1.123; 95%CI: 0.445-2.832; p=0.495) and pulmonary TB (OR=0.559; 95%CI: 0.059-0.838; p=0.270) were not. In conclusion, hypertension is risk factor, whereas dyspepsia is protective factor of COVID-19 mortality.


Analysis of Mortality Risk Factors in Covid-19

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