Relationship of bizygomatic and bigonial breadth with the suitability of surgical masks

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedSci005502202305

Diana Samara(1*), Magdalena Wartono(2), Nany Hairunisa(3), Lie T. Merijanti(4), Alvin M. Ridwan(5), Ridwan Harrianto(6)

(1) Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti/Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, West Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti/Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, West Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, West Jakarta, Indonesia
(4) Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, West Jakarta, Indonesia
(5) Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, West Jakarta, Indonesia
(6) Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti/Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, West Jakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Use of masks is mandatory to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. Appropriate masks that match the face size is very important to avoid leakage. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between bizygomatic and bigonial breadth with the suitability of surgical masks. It was an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design conducted at the Occupational Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta during March to April 2021. A total 132 employees of Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti aged from 20 to 64 y.o. who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria participated in this study. No significantly difference in age (p=0.248) and body mass index (BMI) (p=0.226) was observed. However, there was a significantly difference in bizygomatic width (p=0.000) and bigonial width (p=0.001) between men and women. The use of appropriate surgical masks was observed in 89 respondents, but not suitable for 43 respondents. There was no significantly difference between BMI, bizygomatic width and bigonial width with the suitability of surgical masks. However, old age was significantly more appropriate for using surgical masks than young people. In conclusion, BMI, bizygomatic width, and bigonial width are not substantially different with the suitability of surgical masks. However, older age is more suitable for employing surgical masks than younger age.


Keywords


bizygomaticum breadth; bigonial breadth; surgical mask; suitability

Full Text:

PDF


References

1. UNICEF. Frequently Asked Questions about coronavirus disease (COVID-19). UNICEF Indonesia. 2020:1-12.
2. Cascella M, Rajnik M, Aleem A, Dulebohn S, Di Napoli R. Features, evaluation, and treatment of coronavirus (COVID-19). In: StatPearls [internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023.
3. Brienen NCJ, Timen A, Wallinga J, Van Steenbergen JE, Teunis PFM. The effect of mask use on the spread of influenza during a pandemic. Risk Anal 2010;30(8):1210-8.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2010.01428.x
4. Aiello AE, Murray GF, Perez V, Coulborn RM, Davis BM, Uddin M, et al. Mask use, hand hygiene, and seasonal influenza-like illness among young adults: a randomized intervention trial. J Infect Dis 2010;201(4):491-8.
https://doi.org/10.1086/650396
5. Colton CE, Townsend MC. Respirators and surgical masks-exploring the differences. Workplace Health Saf 2013;61(3):99-101.
https://doi.org/10.1177/216507991306100302
6. Milton DK, Fabian MP, Cowling BJ, Grantham ML, McDevitt JJ. Influenza virus aerosols in human exhaled breath: particle size, culturability, and effect of surgical masks. PLoSPathog 2013;9(3):e1003205.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1003205
7. Cappa CD, Asadi S, Barreda S, Wexler AS, Bouvier NM, Ristenpart WD. Expiratory aerosol particle escape from surgical masks due to imperfect sealing. Sci Rep 2021;11(1):12110.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-91487-7
8. Vinay G, Mangala Gowri SR, Anbalagan J. Sex determination of human mandible using metrical parameters. J ClinDiagn Res 2013;7(12):2671-3.
https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2013/7621.3728
9. Gabarre J, Pastor JBN, Gabarre-Armengol C, Estaún-Ferrer S. Bizygomatic width and its association with social and personality traits in males. Int J Morphol 2017;35(3):1037-42.
https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022017000300036
10. Omotoso D, Oludiran O, Sakpa CL. Nasofacial anthropometry of adult Bini tribe in Nigeria. Afr J Biomed Res 2011;14(3):219-21.
11. Lin YC, Chen CP. Characterization of small-to-medium head-and-face dimensions for developing respirator fit test panels and evaluating fit of filtering facepiece respirators with different faceseal design. PLoS One 2017;12(11):e0188638.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188638
12. Abitha T, Santhanam A. Correlation between bizygomatic and maxillary central incisor width for gender identification. Braz Dent Sci 2019;22(4):458-66.
https://doi.org/10.14295/bds.2019.v22i4.1775
13. Tso RV, Cowling BJ. Importance of Face Masks for COVID-19: A call for effective public education. Clin Infect Dis 2020;71(16):2195-8.
https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa593
14. MacIntyre CR, Chughtai AA. Facemasks for the prevention of infection in healthcare and community settings. BMJ 2015;350:h694.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h694
15. Zhou J, Wei J, Choy KT, Sia SF, Rowlands DK, Yu D, et al. Defining the sizes of airborne particles that mediate influenza transmission in ferrets. Proc Natl Acad Scie 2018;115(10):E2386-E92.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1716771115
16. WHO. Advice on the use of masks in the context of COVID-19: interim guidance, 5 June 2020. World Health Organization; 2020.
17. Azap A, Erdinç FŞ. Medical mask or N95 respirator: When and how to use? Turk JMed Scie 2020;50(SI-1):633-7.
https://doi.org/10.3906/sag-2004-199
18. Cheng WJ, Yu YY, Yu D, Ping J, Chen WH. The relationship between fit characteristics of two kinds of self-inhalation air-purifying dust respirators and head-face dimensions of subjects. ZhonghuaLao Dong Wei Sheng ZhiYe Bing Za Zhi 2012;30(5):352-5.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedSci005502202305

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 707 | views : 1192




Copyright (c) 2023 Tjam Diana Samara, Magdalena Wartono, Nany Hairunisa, Lie T. Merijanti, Alvin M. Ridwan, Ridwan Harrianto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

 

Creative Commons License
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.https://jh.unimed.ac.id/conference/docs/bonusx/ https://jh.unimed.ac.id/conference/docs/demox/ https://jh.unimed.ac.id/conference/docs/max/ https://jh.unimed.ac.id/conference/docs/pulsax/ https://jurnal.uinsu.ac.id/public/bonusx/ https://jurnal.uinsu.ac.id/public/demox/ https://jurnal.uinsu.ac.id/public/pulsax/ https://jurnal.uinsu.ac.id/public/qris/ https://journal.uny.ac.id/lib/demox/ https://journal.uny.ac.id/lib/max/ https://journal.uny.ac.id/lib/thaix/ https://journal.uny.ac.id/lib/gacorx/ https://celebica.uho.ac.id/styles/bonus/ https://celebica.uho.ac.id/styles/demo/ https://celebica.uho.ac.id/styles/gacor/ https://celebica.uho.ac.id/styles/thai/ https://icopis.untad.ac.id/wp-admin/js/xmax/ https://icopis.untad.ac.id/wp-admin/js/thai/ https://icopis.untad.ac.id/wp-admin/js/xgacor/ https://icopis.untad.ac.id/wp-admin/js/xdemo/ https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/config/xgacorx/ https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/config/xbonusx/ https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/config/xpulsax/ https://society.fisip.ubb.ac.id/config/xthai/ https://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/xthai/ https://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/xdemo/ https://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/xgacor/ https://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/xmax/ https://ihdnpress.ihdn.ac.id/wp-content/xgacor/ https://ihdnpress.ihdn.ac.id/wp-content/xpulsa/ https://ihdnpress.ihdn.ac.id/wp-content/xmax/ https://ihdnpress.ihdn.ac.id/wp-content/xthai/ https://jurnaltarbiyah.uinsu.ac.id/cache/bandar-s/ https://jurnaltarbiyah.uinsu.ac.id/cache/demo/ https://jurnaltarbiyah.uinsu.ac.id/cache/max/ https://jurnaltarbiyah.uinsu.ac.id/cache/bonus/ https://jurnal.unmer.ac.id/cache/thaix/ https://jurnal.unmer.ac.id/cache/bonusx/ https://jurnal.unmer.ac.id/cache/demox/ https://jurnal.unmer.ac.id/cache/max/ https://eoffice.uki.ac.id/upload/watermark/ https://student.binus.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2024/00/1/ https://student.binus.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2024/00/2/ https://myic.feb.unsoed.ac.id/wp-content/xbandart/ https://myic.feb.unsoed.ac.id/wp-content/xbonus/ https://myic.feb.unsoed.ac.id/wp-content/xpulsa/ https://myic.feb.unsoed.ac.id/wp-content/xtoto/ http://situr.feb.unsoed.ac.id/img/x777/ http://situr.feb.unsoed.ac.id/img/xbonus/ http://situr.feb.unsoed.ac.id/img/xdemo/ http://situr.feb.unsoed.ac.id/img/xtotos/ https://jurnal.staisumatera-medan.ac.id/thaix/ https://jurnal.staisumatera-medan.ac.id/totos/ https://jurnal.staisumatera-medan.ac.id/gacorx/ https://jurnal.staisumatera-medan.ac.id/bandars https://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/sbonus/ https://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/sgacor/ https://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/spulsa/ https://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/sthai/ http://ujian.bebras.polinema.ac.id/images/777/ http://ujian.bebras.polinema.ac.id/images/gacor/ http://ujian.bebras.polinema.ac.id/images/demo/ http://ujian.bebras.polinema.ac.id/images/thai/ https://jesr.eng.unila.ac.id/xgacor/ https://jesr.eng.unila.ac.id/xdemo/ https://jesr.eng.unila.ac.id/xthai/ https://jesr.eng.unila.ac.id/xmax/ http://digilib.fe.unj.ac.id/demo/ http://digilib.fe.unj.ac.id/bonus/ http://digilib.fe.unj.ac.id/pulsa/ http://digilib.fe.unj.ac.id/max/ https://jurnalmiqotojs.uinsu.ac.id/public/777/ https://jurnalmiqotojs.uinsu.ac.id/public/bonus/ https://jurnalmiqotojs.uinsu.ac.id/cache/demo/ http://jristam.uho.ac.id/styles/bonusx/ http://jristam.uho.ac.id/styles/demox/ http://jristam.uho.ac.id/styles/pulsax/ http://jristam.uho.ac.id/styles/thaix/ https://jurnalnasional.ump.ac.id/js/bonusx/ https://jurnalnasional.ump.ac.id/js/demox/ https://jurnalnasional.ump.ac.id/js/kambox/ https://fisip.ubb.ac.id/student/xkambo/ https://fisip.ubb.ac.id/student/xpulsa/ https://fisip.ubb.ac.id/student/xqris/ https://fisip.ubb.ac.id/student/xmax/ http://pub.unj.ac.id/docs/kambo/ http://pub.unj.ac.id/docs/demo/ http://pub.unj.ac.id/docs/max/ http://pub.unj.ac.id/docs/thai/ http://edm.fk.hangtuah.ac.id/public/bonus/ http://edm.fk.hangtuah.ac.id/public/demo/ http://edm.fk.hangtuah.ac.id/public/qris/ http://edm.fk.hangtuah.ac.id/public/totos/ https://endemis-journal.uho.ac.id/tools/zeusx/ https://endemis-journal.uho.ac.id/tools/ovox/ https://endemis-journal.uho.ac.id/tools/mahjongx/ https://endemis-journal.uho.ac.id/tools/qrisx/ https://ejournalagribisnis.uho.ac.id/styles/demox/ https://ejournalagribisnis.uho.ac.id/styles/gacorx/ https://ejournalagribisnis.uho.ac.id/styles/kambox/ https://ejournalagribisnis.uho.ac.id/styles/max/ https://portal.lomboktimurkab.go.id/demo/ https://portal.lomboktimurkab.go.id/gacor/ https://portal.lomboktimurkab.go.id/pulsa/ https://portal.lomboktimurkab.go.id/kambo/ https://websheffield.com/ https://skandinavskikutak.org/ https://andygolledgemusic.com/ https://servicewritingessay.net/ https://timelapsesf.com/ https://aaa-replica.com/ https://eztvshows.com/ https://everchicdesigns.com/ https://moviezucchinis.com/ https://concretecompanywestminsterco.com/ https://seasonalentertainmentllc.com/ https://emarket-solutions.com/ https://cruthucreative.com/ https://rmsinternationalschool.com/ https://redseasquall.com/ https://newstarhotelhanoi.com/