Production Performance, Reproduction and Immunity of Sentul Hens at Different IgY Concentrations

Melly Pratiwi Setyawati(1*), Niken Ulupi(2), Sri Murtini(3), Cece Sumantri(4)

(1) Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(2) Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(3) Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(4) Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different IgY concentrations on the production, reproduction and immunity of Sentul chicken. This research used 20 month-old Sentul chickens which consisting of 10 chickens with high IgY concentration and 10 chickens with low IgY concentration Parameters observed included prelayer performance (feed consumption, weight gain, feed conversion, morbidity and mortality), layer performance (feed consumption, egg production, egg weight, feed conversion, hatchability, morbidity and mortality), and immunity at chicks (IgY concentration of eggs and chicks serum). The experiment was conducted as a completely randomized design. The treatments were high and low IgY concentration. All treatments were repeated 10 times. The data obtained were analyzed using the SAS program t-test. Morbidity and mortality were analyzed descriptively. The results of this research indicated that the prelayer period, chickens with high IgY concentration had a higher performance than chicken with low IgY concentration. This is caused by about 30% chickens with low IgY were in sick condition for approximately seven days. Further, the layer period showed that the chickens with high IgY concentration had lower production performance than the chicken with low IgY concentration. The study concluded that chickens at low IgY concentrations are susceptible to exposure to antigens that lead to decreased productivity. In normal conditions hens, Sentul with high IgY concentration resulted in low production. The observation of chicken immunity showed that concentration of IgY from chicks and eggs did not differ between hens with high IgY concentrations and hens with low IgY concentrations.


IgY; Production; Reproduction; Sentul chicken

Full Text:



Bell, D. D. and J. R. Weaver.2002. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. 5th edn. Springer Science and business Media Inc, New York.

Da Silva, D. W. and D. V. Tambourgi. 2010.  IgY: a promising antibody for use in immunodiagnostic and in immunotherapy. Vet Immunol Immunopathol.135: 173-180.

El-Hanoun, A. M. and N. A. Mossad. 2008. Hatchability improvement of pecking duck egss by controlling water evaporation rate from the eggshell. Egypt Poult. Sci. 28: 767-784.

Gaetani, C., E. Ambrosi, P. Ugo and L. M. Moretto. 2017. Electrochemical immunosensor for detection of IgY in food and food supplements. Chemosensors. 5: 10-21.

Gunawan. 2002. Model development of domestic chicken farming and improvement efforts (Cases in Jombang Regency, East Java). Dissertation. Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor.

Hamal, H. R., S. C. Burgess, I. Y. Pevzner and G. F. Erf. 2006. Maternal antibody transfer from dams to their egg yolks, egg whites, and chicks in meat lines of chickens. Poult. Sci. 85: 1364-1372.

Jamilah, N. Suthama, and L. D. Mahfudz. 2013. Production performance and immune responses of broilers given single step down diet with inclution of citric acid as acidifier. JITV.  18: 251-257.

Jeong, S. S. and H. H. Hoon. 2006. The Amazing Egg.Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science.University of Alberta. Edmonton. Alberta, Canada.

King’ori, A. M. 2011. Review of the factors that influence egg fertility and hatchability in poultry. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 10: 483-492.

Kogut, M. H. 2009. Impact of nutrition on the innate immune response to infection in poultry. J. Appl. Poult. Res.18: 111-124.

Lamont, S. J., M. H. Pinard-van deer Laan, A. Cahaner, J. J. Van Der Poel and H. K. Parmentier. 2003 selection for disease resistance : direct selection on the immune response. di dalam Muir WM, Anggrey SE, editor Poultry genetic breeding and biotechnology.    CAB Internasional. Oxford. Hlm. 399-418.

Lee, E. N., H. Sunwo, K. Menninen, and J. S. Sim. 2002. In vitro studies of chicken egg yolk antibodi (IgY) against Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium. Poult. Sci. 8: 632-641.

Muhsinin, M., N. Ulupi, A. Gunawan,  I. W. T. Wibawan and C. Sumantri. 2016. Association of NRAMP1 Polymorphisms with Immune Traits in Indonesian Native Chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 15: 401-406.

Rauw, W. M., E. Kanis, S. E. N. Noordhuizenand, and F. J. Grommers. 1998. Undesirable side effects of selection for high production efficiency in farm animals: a review. Livest. Prod. Sci. 56: 15-33.

Regar, N. M., R. Mutia, D. S. Widhyari, and S. H. Y. Kowel. 2013. The effect of supplementation sweet potato leaves meal (Ipomea batatas) on broiler performance.  Zootek Journal. 33: 35-40.

Risa, E., R. Semaun, and I. D. Novita. 2014. Evaluation of decrease morbidity and mortality of broilers get the addition of flour ginger (Zingiber aromaticumval) in the ration. Galung Tropika Journal. 3: 192-200.

Scenes, C. G., G. Brant and M. E. Ensminger. 2004. Poultry Science. 4th edn. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Schat, K. A., B. Kasper, and P. Kaiser. 2012. Avian Immunology. Elsevier, London.  

Soares, N. M., E. C. Tucci, E. R. Freitas and D. P. B. Fernandes. 2016. Reduced productivity among confined laying hens infested by Allopsoroptoides galli. Poult. Sci. 95: 819-822.

Soeripto. 2009. Chronic respiratory disease (CRD) of chicken. Wartazoa 19: 135-143.

Subekti, D. T. and I. Yuniarto. 2012. Comparison of Anti Bovine IgG-HRP and protein A/G-HRP conjugates using different dilution buffer in ELISA for diagnosis of Surra in cattle and buffalo. Indonesian Journal of Biology. 13: 43-52.

Sulandari, S., M. S. A. Zein, S. Paryanti, T. Sartika, M. Astuti, T. Widjiastuti, E. Sujana, S. Darana, I. Setiawan, and D. Garnida. 2007. Local Genetic Resources. Diversity of Indonesian Native Chicken Biodiversity: Benefits and Potential. Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bogor.

Sudrajat, A. Y. and Isyanto. 2018. The performance of sentul chicken farming in Ciamis district. Mimbar Agribisnis. 4: 237-253.

Sun, H., S. Chen, X. Cai, G. Xu, and Q. Lujiang.  2013. Correlation analysis of the total IgY level in henserum, egg yolk and offspring serum. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol. 4: 10-14.

Verma, V. K., S. K. Yadav, and C. Haldar. 2017. Influence of environmental factors on avian immunity. J.  Immun. Res. 4: 1028-1034.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 385 | views : 271


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

 Harvard Library
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.