The Effect of Flushing Premating with Spirulina Platensis Supplementation on Ewes Postpartum Estrus

Diahanvika Tri Sarvinda(1), Sigit Bintara(2), I Gede Suparta Budisatria(3), Kustantinah Kustantinah(4), Endang Baliarti(5*)

(1) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(5) Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Lactating ewes require high nutrients for basic life requirements and milk production. If not fulfilled, it can have an impact on Negative Energy Balance (NEB) that reduces body weight, Body Condition Score (BCS), and extend the appearance of Postpartum Estrus (PPE). Premating flushing feed is an effort to improve ewe nutrients by adding high nutrition for preparation before mating so that after lambing and suckling, the ewe immediately estrus. This research aimed to evaluate the performance of ewes through premating flushing feeding. The research was conducted at Mendo Galak Farm, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Twenty ewes 2-3 years old with BCS 2-3 divided into two groups; the group with flushing treatment consisted of dried water spinach (Ipomoea reptans poir), concentrate feed with Spirulina sp. (14,92% crude protein, 60,28% total digestible nutrients), and the control group (PS) without Spirulina sp. (crude protein 11,82%, total digestible nutrients 53,20%). Flushing feed was given after a month postpartum as much as 3% dry matter of body weight. The recorded parameter was daily feed consumption, monthly body weight, BCS, and postpartum estrus. The data obtained were tested by an independent T-test with Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPPS ver. 22). The results showed the consumption and digestibility of CP, TDN, and ewe's ADG had a significant difference (P<0.05).  Postpartum estrus (PPE) of flushed ewes had no significant difference (P>0.05), 73.90±11.55 vs. 77.60±14.65 days, respectively. The conclusion was that flushing premating treatment with the addition of Spirulina platensis increased the nutrient intake and digestibility of CP, TDN, and ADG but had not shortened on postpartum estrus of lactating ewes.


Flushing premating; Spirulina sp.; Body weight; BCS; Postpartum estrus

Full Text:



Ashari, M., Rr. A. Suhardiani and R. Andriati. 2018. Reproductive efficiency analysis of sheep fat tail in East Lombok. Indonesian Anim. Sci. Tech. J. 4: 207-213.

Barbato, O., E. D. Felice, L. Todini, L. Menchetti, A. Malfatti and P. Scocco. 2021. Effects of feed supplementation on Nesfatin-1, insulin, glucagon, leptin, T3, cortisol and BCS in milking ewes grazing on semi-natural pastures. Animals. 11: 1-13.

Borowitzka, M. A. and L. J. Borowitzka. 1988. Micro-alga biotechnology. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Butler, W. R. 2001. Nutritional effects on resumption of ovarian cyclicity and conception rate in postpartum dairy cows. Anim. Sci. Occas. Publ. 26: 133-145.

Daghigh, K. H., A. Fazel and A. H. Khani. 2016. Different sources of protein effect in the flushing rations on some blood parameters and the reproductive performance of Ghezel sheep. Irian J. App. Anim. Sci. 6: 629-638.

El-Shahat, K. H. and A. M. A. El-Maaty. 2010. The effect of dietary supplementation with calcium salts of long chain fatty acids and/or L-cartnitine on ovarian activity of Rahmani ewes. Anim. Repro. Sci. 117: 78-82.

Freer, M. and H. Dove. 2002. Sheep Nutrition. CABI Publishing, Australia.

Fuquay, J. W., P. L. H. McSweeney and P. F. Fox. 2011. Encyclopedia of dairy sciences. Academic Press. Elsevier Inc.

Gouveia, L., A. P. Batista, I. Sousa, A. Raymundo and N. M. Bandarra. 2008. Microalgae in novel food products, In: K. N. Papadopoulos ed. Food Chemistry Research Developments. Nova Sci. Pub., New York: 1–37.

Gross, J., H. A. Van Dorland, F. J. Schwan and R. M. Bruckmaier. 2011. Endrocine changes and liver mRNA abudance of somatotropic axis and insulin syste constituents during negative energy balance at different stages of lactation in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 94: 3484-3494.

Henrikson, R. 2010. Spirulina world food; how this micro algae can transform your health and our planet. Ronore Enterprises, Inc., Hawaii.

Holman, B. W. B., A. Kashani and A. E. O Malau-Aduli. 2013. Growth and body conformation responses of genetically divergent Australian sheep to Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) supplementation. American J. Experimental Agriculture. 2: 160–173.

Joy, M., R. Ripoll-Bosch, A. Sanz, F. Molino, I. Blasco and J. A. Rodriguez. 2014. Effects of concentrate supplementation on forage intake, metabolic profile and milk fatty acid composition ofunselected ewes raising lambs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 187: 19-29.

Kabinawa, I. N. K. 2014. Healthy food and biological herbs from Spirulina microalgae. Indonesian Food Tech. 3: 103-109.

Karikari, P. K. and E. Y. Blasu. 2009. Influence of nutrition flushing prior to mating on the performance of West African Dwarf goats mated in the rainy season. Pakistan J. Nutr. 8: 1068-1073.

Khotijah, l., Nurmiasih and D. Diapari. 2020. Nutritional intake, blood profile and metabolites in ewes fed a fat-rich diet of vegetable oils. JINTIP. 18: 38-42.

Klein, B. G. 2020. Cunningham’s textbook of veterinary physiology. 6th edn. Elsevier. St. Louis-Missouri: 364-380.

Mathius, I. W., D. Sastradipradja, T. Sutardi, A. Natasasmita, L. A. Sofyan and D. T. H. Sihombing. 2003. Strategic study on energy-protein requirements for local sheep: 5 ewes during lactation phase. JITV. 8: 26-39.

NRC. 2007. Nutrient requirements of small ruminants. The National Academies Press, Washington.

Parakkasi, A. 1999. Ilmu nutrisi dan makanan ruminansia. Universitas Indonesia Press, Jakarta.

Pujiawati, Y., L. Khotijah, A. Sudarman and I. Wijayanti. 2018. Effect of different ratio omega-3 and omega-6 in total mix ration on productive performance, blood metabolites and estrus characteristic of ewes. Buletin Peternakan 42: 295-300.

Ratu, L. H. S., G. A. Y. Lestari and M. Nenobais. 2020. The effect of lemongrass powder as a natural antibiotics on intake and digestibility nutrient of “Kacang” goat. Anim. Nucleus J. 7: 95-102.

Sargison, N., J. O. Crilly and A. Hopker. 2018. Practical lambing and lamb care: a veterinary guide 4th edn. Willey Blackwell, UK.

Scaramuzzi, R. J., B. K. Campbell, J. A. Downing, N. R. Kendal, M. Khalid, M. M. Guttirrez and A. Somchit. 2006. A review of the effect of supplementary nutrition in the ewe on the concentrations of reproductive and metabolic hormones and the mechanisms that regulate folliculogenesis and ovulation rate. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 46: 339-354.

Shad, F. I., N. A. Taufanil, A. M. Ganie and H. A. Ahmed. 2011. Flushing in ewes for higher fecundity and fertility. Livestock Int. 15: 10-14.

Suardin, S., N. Sandiah, and R. Aka. 2014. Digestibility of dry matter and organic matter of Mulato grass mixed (Brachiaria hybrid. cv. mulato) with different types of legume using cow rumen fluid. JITRO. 1: 16-22.

Sutiyono, Y. S. Ondho, S. Johari and Sutopo. 2010. The relationship between the appearance of ewes in various litter size. JIP. 20: 24-30.

Thompson, J. M. and H. Meyer. 2006. Body Condition Scoring of Sheep. Oregon State University.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 377 | views : 420


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.