Proportion of Sawdust as Carbon Sources in Rabbit Manure Compost for Increasing the Growth of Pennisetum purpureum cv Mott

Rahmi Dianita(1*), Wiranto Wiranto(2), Muhammad Koyum(3), Ubaidillah Ubaidillah(4), Dodi Devitriano(5)

(1) The Faculty of Animal Science, University of Jambi
(*) Corresponding Author


The right proportion of carbon in high N organic matter source in composting process will result good decomposition process. In this study, rabbit manure was composted with different portion of sawdust, and then the chemical properties were evaluated. The compost then applied to determine the growth response of dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) in terms of plant height, number of leaves, root and shoot dry matter, shoot and shoot ratio, and N content in shoot. The results showed that compost consisted of rabbit manure + sawdust with the ratio of 3:1 and 1:1 had good chemical properties (pH around 7.56 - 7.94, C/N ratio 17 – 19, C- organic 19 – 24%, Nitrogen 0.84 – 1.31%, Phosphor 0.43 – 0.82%, and Potassium 0.27– 0.37%) as well as sole rabbit manure compost. Applying compost to Mott grass resulted a good growth response which reflected in plant height (78.29 - 83.46 cm/plant), leaves number (53.50 - 57.92 blades), shoot dry matter (39.69 – 54.56 g DM/plant), root dry matter (16.50 – 18.16 g DM/plant), shoot : root ratios (2.52 - 3.20), and shoot N content (37.14 - 48.55 g DM/plant). The study concluded that compost rabbit manure + sawdust with ratio of 3:1 resulted the same growth response with sole rabbit manure compost.


Carbon source; Dwarf elephant grass; Nitrogen content; Plant growth

Full Text:



Ab Muttalib, S. A., S. N. S. Ismail, and A. M. Praveena. 2016. Application of Effective Microorganism (EM) in Food Waste Composting: A Review. Asia Pacific Environmental and Occupational Health Journal 2: 37–47.

Adi, I. P. T. S., M. S. Yuliartini, and I. G. B. Udayana. 2020. Effect of rabbit compost and NPK on the growth and yield of zucchini (Cucurbita Pepo L.). SEAS (Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science), 4: 151–156.

Ansah, T., E. L. K. Osafo, and H. H. Hansen. 2013. Variety, harvest date after planting and plant fraction of Napier grass influence in vitro gas production. Livestock Research for Rural Development 25. Accessed 25 July 2020.

Bahar S, A. Saenab, and N. R. Sudolar. 2020. Growth Odot grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv Mott) on sandy marginal land on Payung island Kepulauan Seribu Jakarta. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Peternakan 2: 1–5.

Barik D. 2019. Energy extraction from toxic waste originating from food processing industries. In: Energy from toxic organic waste for heat and power generation. Barik D (Ed.). Woodhead Publishing. pp. 17–42.

Belabbas, R., M. L. Garcia, H. Ainbaziz, A. Berbar, and M. J. Argente. 2021. Litter size component traits in two Algerian rabbit lines. World of Rabbit Science 29: 51–58.

Belete, F. and A. Ayza. 2015. A review on alternative technologies to manage manure: Cost effective and environmentally beneficial. Livestock Research for Rural Development 27. Accessed 25 July 2020.

Bianchi B., I. Papajova, R. Tamborrino, D. Ventrella, and C. Vitti. 2015. Characterization of composting mixtures and compost of rabbit by-products to obtain a quality product and plant proposal for industrial production. Veterinaria Italiana 51: 51–61.

Bilal, M. Q., M. Saeed, and M. Sarwar. 2000. Effect of varying level of nitrogen and farm yard manure application on tillering and height of Mott grass. Int. J. Agri. Biol[B1] . 2: 21–23.

El-Haggar, S. M. 2007. Sustainability of agricultural and rural waste management. Academic Press.

Estellés, F., M. Cambra-López, A. Jiménez-Belenguer, and S. Calvet. 2014. Evaluation of calcium superphosphate as an additive to reduce gas emissions from rabbit manure. World of Rabbit Science 22: 279–286.

Hao, H., C. Chang, and F. J. Larney. 2004. Nitrogen balances and greenhouse gas emission during cattle feedlot manure composting. Journal of Environmental Quality 33: 37–44.

Hubbe, N. A., M. Nazhad, and C. Sanchez. 2010. Composting as a way to convert cellulosic biomass and organic waste into high-value soil amendments: a review. BioResources, 5: 2808–2854.

Hwang, H. Y., S. H. Kim, M. S. Kim, S. J. Park, and C. H. Lee. 2020. Co-composting of chicken manure with organic wastes: characterization of gases emissions and compost quality. Appl Biol Chem, 63[B2] : 1-10.

Ilès, I. 2018. Vocalizations as an indicator of pregnancy in local domestic rabbit does: preliminary study. Livestock Research for Rural Development 30[B3] [RD4] . . Accessed 30 July 2021.

Joshi, H., Somduttand, P. Choudhary, and S. L. Mundra. 2019. Role of effective microorganisms (EM) in sustainable agriculture. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 8: 172–181.

Kaca, I. N., I. G. Sutapa, L. Suariani, Y. Tonga, N. M. Yudiastari, and N. K. E. Suwitari. 2017. Production and quality of dwarf elephant grass ((Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) cultivated in mixed cropping-grass and legume at the first harvest. Pastura 6: 78–84. article/view/45448/27560

Katuromunda, S., E. N. Sabiiti, and M. A. Bekunda. 2011. Effect of combined application of cattle manure and mineral fertilisers on the growth characteristics and quality of Pennisetum purpureum fodder. Livestock Research for Rural Development 23[B5] [RD6] . Accessed 31 Juni 2021.

Li-li, B., Y. Tie-Jun, W. Bin, B. Lin, T. De-Gui, and F. Xiang-Chao. 2013. Evaluation and comparison of composting rabbit manure mixed with mushroom residue and rice straw. JAST 15: 1069–1081.

Luyen, L. T. and T. R. Preston. 2012. Growth performance of New Zealand White rabbits fed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) vines supplemented with paddy rice or Guinea grass supplemented with commercial concentrate. Livestock Research for Rural Development 24. Accessed 25 June 2020.

Oluchukwu, A. C., A. G. Nebechukwu, and S. O. Egbuna. 2018. Enrichment of nutritional contents of sawdust by composting with other nitrogen rich agro-wastes for bio-fertilizer synthesis. Journal of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy 53: 430–436. /5_17-154_p_430-436.pdf

Pereira, G. A. C., A. A. Primo, A. J. G. Meneses, M. D. M. Araújo, R. C. F. F. Araújo, F. L. Guedes, and H. A. Souza. 2020. Soil fertility and nutritional status of elephant grass fertilized with organic compost from small ruminant production and slaughter systems. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Solo 44[B7] : 1-15.

Rahetlah, V. B., J. M. Randrianaivoarivony, B. Andrianarisoa, and V. L. Ramalanjaona. 2014. Yield response of Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) to guano organic fertilizer in the Highlands of Madagascar. Livestock Research for Rural Development 26[B8] [RD9] . Accessed 25 June 2020.

Sirait J. 2017. Dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) as forage for ruminant. Wartazoa 27: 167–176.

Strapazzon, A. J., F. A. B. Theves, P. G. Wiesel, and E. A. Lobo. 2021. Efficiency in the treatment of three livestock manures through a composting process with mechanized turning. J. Agriculture Natural Res. 4: 140–153.

Turusy, R. D. P., I. K. M. Budiasa, and I. G. Suranjana. 2019. The growth and production of dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) towards various slurry and bio slurry fertilizer levels. J. Tropical Anim. Sci. 7: 51–65.

Ubaidillah, M. Maryadi, and R. Dianita. 2018. Physical and chemical characteristics of phospho-compost enriched with sawdust ash as potassium source. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan 21: 98–109.

Wina, E., I. W. R. Susana, and B. Tangendjaja. 2009. Detannification of Calliandra calothyrsus: the effect on digestibility and performance of rabbits. Livestock Research for Rural Development 21[B10] [RD11] . Accessed 30 Juni 2020.

Zaki, M., Komariah, R. Ali, and P. Bambang. 2018. Organic amendment and fertilizer effect on soil chemical properties and yield of maize (Zea mays l.) in rainfed condition. Agricultural Technology and Biological Sciences 17: 11–17. DOI:

Zhang, J., Z. Liang, C. Wang, and S. Li. 2021. Compound effective microorganisms treatment increases growth and yield of vegetables. JAST 23: 943–954.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 509 | views : 380


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.